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Internet Safety A Parents Guide to the Internet Version 4.1 – 3/2008 David A. Paterson, Governor Denise E. ODonnell, Commissioner.

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Presentation on theme: "Internet Safety A Parents Guide to the Internet Version 4.1 – 3/2008 David A. Paterson, Governor Denise E. ODonnell, Commissioner."— Presentation transcript:

1 Internet Safety A Parents Guide to the Internet Version 4.1 – 3/2008 David A. Paterson, Governor Denise E. ODonnell, Commissioner

2 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse2 This presentation was developed and is distributed by the NYS DCJS Missing and Exploited Children Clearinghouse through the Operation SAFE CHILD Program.

3 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse3 Predators will use information obtained from children to gain trust and friendship (her mothers death)Predators will use information obtained from children to gain trust and friendship (her mothers death) Unless you know someone in person, you dont really know who they are on the Internet (predator portrayed himself as 18 yr old)Unless you know someone in person, you dont really know who they are on the Internet (predator portrayed himself as 18 yr old) Anyone is vulnerable (father was police officer, lived in small town)Anyone is vulnerable (father was police officer, lived in small town)

4 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse4 Food for thought for parents … You must decide your strategy.Food for thought for parents … You must decide your strategy. Some material may be unsettling, but this is unavoidable.Some material may be unsettling, but this is unavoidable. Philosophy: Instill a sense of caution, not a sense of fear.Philosophy: Instill a sense of caution, not a sense of fear. The good does outweigh the bad.The good does outweigh the bad. Ask questions … offer thoughts.Ask questions … offer thoughts. Introduction.

5 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse5 View Video: Tracking Theresa (00:05:08)View Video: Tracking Theresa (00:05:08)

6 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse6 The Internet: The Network of All Networks. –Nobody really owns it - It is a global collection of networks, both big and small. –These networks connect together in many different ways to form the single entity that we know as the Internet. –In fact, the very name comes from this idea of interconnected networks.

7 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse7 The Technologies: How do they get there? Desk top and laptop computers located at home, friends homes, work, libraries, stores, schools, Internet cafes…wireless connections.Desk top and laptop computers located at home, friends homes, work, libraries, stores, schools, Internet cafes…wireless connections. PDAs/Blackberries.PDAs/Blackberries. Cell phones.Cell phones. Internet capable games (i.e., Xbox, Playstation 2).Internet capable games (i.e., Xbox, Playstation 2).

8 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse8 Kids in the U.S. 87% of teens aged 12 – 17 use the Internet.87% of teens aged 12 – 17 use the Internet. 51% use the Internet daily.51% use the Internet daily. 45% of teens have cell phones and 38% are texting.45% of teens have cell phones and 38% are texting. 75% of online teens use instant messaging.75% of online teens use instant messaging. 81% of online teens play online games.81% of online teens play online games.

9 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse9 Online enticement.Online enticement. Access by children to pornography.Access by children to pornography. Distribution of child pornography.Distribution of child pornography. Cyberbullying.Cyberbullying. Risks Involving Children Are Real.

10 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse10 1 in 7 children (13%) received sexual solicitation or were approached within the last year.1 in 7 children (13%) received sexual solicitation or were approached within the last year. 1 in 3 (34%) had an unwanted exposure to pictures of naked people or people having sex.1 in 3 (34%) had an unwanted exposure to pictures of naked people or people having sex. 1 in 11 (9%) was threatened or harassed.1 in 11 (9%) was threatened or harassed. 1 in 25 (4%) received an aggressive sexual solicitation - A solicitor who: asked to meet them somewhere; called them on the telephone; or sent them regular mail, money or gifts.1 in 25 (4%) received an aggressive sexual solicitation - A solicitor who: asked to meet them somewhere; called them on the telephone; or sent them regular mail, money or gifts. Online Victimization of Youth: Five Years Later (2006)

11 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse11 Through use of chat rooms, , instant messaging, blogs and even on-line games, adult strangers can establish direct one-to-one access to children.Through use of chat rooms, , instant messaging, blogs and even on-line games, adult strangers can establish direct one-to-one access to children. –Distance and childrens natural trust can lead them to forget that these people are strangers … and many of them are very good at misrepresenting who they are. There was one guy who kept telling me I was beautiful, sexy and hot, and that he wanted to meet me. Even though I kept saying no, he kept giving me his pager number and telling me to call him (Age 14)There was one guy who kept telling me I was beautiful, sexy and hot, and that he wanted to meet me. Even though I kept saying no, he kept giving me his pager number and telling me to call him (Age 14) Online Enticement.

12 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse12

13 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse13 Who are these people? View Video: "On Line Sexual Predators - Adults Targeting Children"View Video: "On Line Sexual Predators - Adults Targeting Children"

14 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse14 Chat rooms Chat rooms are places on the Internet where you can have live, real-time conversations with many people at the same time.Chat rooms are places on the Internet where you can have live, real-time conversations with many people at the same time. Everyone in the chat room can see what everyone else writes, but you can still be as anonymous as you want.Everyone in the chat room can see what everyone else writes, but you can still be as anonymous as you want.

15 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse15 While chat rooms can be dynamic meeting places for people with similar interests:While chat rooms can be dynamic meeting places for people with similar interests: –Children can be easily mislead to do things that they ordinarily would not do. –It is easy for a child to reveal more, sometimes much more, than they should. –They are cruising grounds for predators. If a person unknown to you was speaking to your child in your front yard, what would you do? If your child was communicating with the same stranger on-line, what would you do?If a person unknown to you was speaking to your child in your front yard, what would you do? If your child was communicating with the same stranger on-line, what would you do?

16 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse16 Instant Messaging (IM). IM is a form of Internet communication that combines the live nature of real time chat with the personal contact of . Benefits include:IM is a form of Internet communication that combines the live nature of real time chat with the personal contact of . Benefits include: –A safer environment than chat rooms since contact lists can be better controlled.

17 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse17 IM software allows users to create a detailed personal profile including: name, address, age, home address, phone number, school and hobbies.IM software allows users to create a detailed personal profile including: name, address, age, home address, phone number, school and hobbies. –If children aren't careful during the sign-up process, they can reveal more than they should. –Easy accessible profiles can allow anyone to contact them. Some IM programs offer users the option of joining in chat with strangers.Some IM programs offer users the option of joining in chat with strangers. The reach of IM can encourage gossiping and bullying.The reach of IM can encourage gossiping and bullying. Children can receive pornographic "spam" through IM.Children can receive pornographic "spam" through IM.

18 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse18 Social Networking Sites. View Video Dateline - MySpace"View Video Dateline - MySpace"

19 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse19 Blogs: Electronic Bathroom Walls? Electronic Bathroom Walls? Kids are becoming stars of their own online television reality shows in front of an audience of millions of Internet users.Kids are becoming stars of their own online television reality shows in front of an audience of millions of Internet users.

20 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse20 A blog is basically a journal that is available on the web - the term is a shortened form of weblog.A blog is basically a journal that is available on the web - the term is a shortened form of weblog. –Blogs are typically updated daily using software that allows people with little or no technical background to maintain the blog. –Postings on a blog are almost always arranged in chronological order with the most recent additions featured most prominently. –Blogs usually include profiles, text, photographs, and links between friends and interests - and may include video or audio files. 10/2007 – MySpace has 204 million users. That makes it the top ranked social networking site.

21 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse21 Olivas blog

22 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse22 Blog Profiles … Can reveal a lot …

23 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse23 Blog Entries … Can reveal even more! This was a crazy weekend. Violetta smoked up in her bathroom I love my girl.) Crazy albany driving Spending too much money on books Smoking way too much Seeing people die Diareeah Quality time with MY Stephanie Falling in love with a woman (lolz!!!) Buying the coolest camera Shooting everything Donuts in KHOLS parking lot Stealing clothing Thats only what I can remember. In other news I am getting boobs. Well I already have them. Theyre just getting bigger. And I am getting thinner.

24 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse24 Also, services usually allow users to easily connect with friends - and their friends; strangers having similar interests, even by school attended! In school, you can't just walk up to a random person and say, Hey, you wanna be my friend? But you can do it on MySpace."

25 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse25 And one of his friends… An example of one of Olivias friends …

26 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse26 The Ultimate Survey

27 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse27

28 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse28

29 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse29

30 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse30

31 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse31 Video Networking You Tube 65,000 clips uploaded daily65,000 clips uploaded daily 100 million clips viewed daily100 million clips viewed daily Summer 2006 – fastest growing website – outpacing MySpaceSummer 2006 – fastest growing website – outpacing MySpace 44% Female, 56% Male44% Female, 56% Male 12 – 17 age group dominant12 – 17 age group dominant

32 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse32 WhatWhat you should know: RegistrationRegistration is almost always free. IdentityIdentity verification is not always required to become a member – children can access adult material. GraphicGraphic and explicit videos – pornography, violence, pedophilia. Cyberbullying,Cyberbullying, internet predators. Video Networking

33 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse33 Pornography which is legally restricted to adults can easily be accessed by children online.Pornography which is legally restricted to adults can easily be accessed by children online. –A child who cant browse through a sexually explicit magazine in a store can easily view explicit images and video online. –Also, obscene materials which are illegal even for adults can easily be accessed online. Access by Children to Pornography.

34 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse34 Even innocent website addresses can lead directly to pornography. UnintentionalUnintentional It is like a car crash. You want to look away but cant. (Age 14)It is like a car crash. You want to look away but cant. (Age 14)

35 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse35 URLs (Uniform Resource Locators) …The incorrect one can take you to a sexually explicit site. How? AssumptionsAssumptions –Youre certain that you know the URL MistakenMistaken –Use of.com versus.org etc… Spelling errorsSpelling errors –Transposing characters

36 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse36 Unsolicited push pornography and links are very prevalent and are sent to everyone – including children.Unsolicited push pornography and links are very prevalent and are sent to everyone – including children.

37 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse37 Keyword SearchesKeyword Searches –Children using search engines to locate legitimate information can receive links to pornographic sites.

38 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse38 Curiosity in children is natural, but learning about sexuality on-line is not usually the best place. Intentional

39 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse39 The Internet has provided child pornographers with a powerful and anonymous distribution vehicle.The Internet has provided child pornographers with a powerful and anonymous distribution vehicle. Possession and distribution of child pornography is illegal under state and Federal laws.Possession and distribution of child pornography is illegal under state and Federal laws. Distribution of Child Pornography.

40 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse40 View Video – The Cyber-seduction of Justin"View Video – The Cyber-seduction of Justin"

41 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse41 Cyberbullying - Any Device, Anytime…

42 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse42 There are several ways that children threaten and/or harass others online. They may:There are several ways that children threaten and/or harass others online. They may: –Send s or instant messages containing insults or threats directly to a person. –Spread hurtful comments about a person to others through , instant messaging or postings on web sites and blogs. –Steal passwords and send out threatening s or instant messages using an assumed identity.

43 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse43 –Build web sites, often with password protection, to target people - students or even teachers. –Increasingly, kids are being bullied by text messages sent through their cell phones. –Built-in digital cameras in cell phones have added a new dimension to the problem. A kid from school sent me a message on the Internet saying, Hey Dave, look at this website says David. I went there and sure enough, theres my photo on this website saying Welcome to the website that makes fun of Dave Knight and just pages of hateful comments directed at me and everyone in my family.

44 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse44 Consequences of Cyberbullying! Consequences of Cyberbullying! From hurt feelings to…suicide

45 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse45 No one is immune, including teachers!No one is immune, including teachers!

46 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse46 Dealing with CyberbullyingDealing with Cyberbullying –Preserve evidence – this is crucial for identifying the bully and making a case. –Attempt to enlist assistance from the service provider. –If able to identify the bully, contact him or her and/or parents. –Use available blocking technology (i.e., block the user on IM, and chat.) –In serious cases, seek assistance from the police (i.e., threats of physical harm, unrelenting or unable to stop.)

47 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse47 So… What Should Parents Do?

48 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse48 1.Learn everything you can about computers, the Internet and related technology- Develop and maintain proficiency through use.Develop and maintain proficiency through use. Ask children to demonstrate.Ask children to demonstrate. 2.Communicate with your children. Take time to discuss concerns; agree on ground rules.Take time to discuss concerns; agree on ground rules. Understand their needs.Understand their needs. Set reasonable expectations.Set reasonable expectations. 3.Place the computer in a well-trafficked area, not a childs bedroom or a secluded area.

49 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse49 4.Ensure that they do not divulge detailed personal information when completing profiles and minimize dissemination. 5.Keep ALL accounts in your name. 6.Know your childs password(s) and screen name(s). Ensure that screen names do not provide information about his or her identity (e.g., Sarahsweet16.)Ensure that screen names do not provide information about his or her identity (e.g., Sarahsweet16.)

50 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse50 7.Consider Use of Computer/Internet Management Software: Age-based access levels – Allows for various levels of access for different family members.Age-based access levels – Allows for various levels of access for different family members. Filtering and Blocking (incoming and outgoing.)Filtering and Blocking (incoming and outgoing.) Time Restrictions.Time Restrictions. Activity Logs - Parents can view logs that list web sites visited, web sites blocked, chat sessions… Software can even capture screen shots and messages to you if a rule is violated!Activity Logs - Parents can view logs that list web sites visited, web sites blocked, chat sessions… Software can even capture screen shots and messages to you if a rule is violated! Girls are aware of the varied dangers of the Internet, but want more proactive involvement rather than prohibitive donts from parents.Girls are aware of the varied dangers of the Internet, but want more proactive involvement rather than prohibitive donts from parents.

51 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse51 Monitoring Software Information

52 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse52 8.Periodically review Internet bookmarks, history files, temporary Internet files and keyword searches. Also … what can it mean if history, keyword or temporary Internet files are cleared?

53 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse53 History

54 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse54 Set Parental Controls

55 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse55 Internet Explorer 7

56 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse56 Viewing Temporary Internet Files

57 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse57 Internet Explorer 7

58 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse58 netling.com noslang.com acronymfinder.com Acronyms, Text Shorthand and Emoticons View Video – My bff jillView Video – My bff jill

59 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse59 Under 8 - Children shouldnt be using IM, chat rooms or blogs - period. should be restricted to only approved senders.Under 8 - Children shouldnt be using IM, chat rooms or blogs - period. should be restricted to only approved senders If you add IM or chat, make sure only pre- approved senders can send to your child. No blogs! If you add IM or chat, make sure only pre- approved senders can send to your child. No blogs! Give them more privacy, as long as it is with people you trust. Block all but pre-approved senders. Still no blogs! Give them more privacy, as long as it is with people you trust. Block all but pre-approved senders. Still no blogs! Blogs, IM, Chatrooms, What is reasonable?

60 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse Respect their privacy even more. Give them more leeway regarding IM, , chat and blogs. But check and account for everyone, in real life, on their buddy lists. No friends of friends! Respect their privacy even more. Give them more leeway regarding IM, , chat and blogs. But check and account for everyone, in real life, on their buddy lists. No friends of friends! 16 and over - Parental involvement becomes difficult at best – if good judgment and communication have not been firmly established by now … all bets are off.16 and over - Parental involvement becomes difficult at best – if good judgment and communication have not been firmly established by now … all bets are off. –If they have earned your trust, give it to them. –If not, unplug the computer and take away their cell phones and interactive gaming devices.

61 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse61 Warning signs. Elevate concern if your child:Warning signs. Elevate concern if your child: – Significantly increases on-line time. –Receives phone calls, , mail or packages from someone you don't know. – Quickly exits IM, chat, , websites and other activities when you are near. –Increases use of new slang words, inappropriate sexual knowledge, withdraws from family and friends. – Begins using new screen names, an online account belonging to someone else, etc. –Is reluctant to discuss activities or your concerns.

62 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse62 Always Keep In Mind … The Good Really Does Outweigh The Bad!

63 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse63 –Recognize techniques used by online predators to deceive their victims. –Refuse requests for personal information. –Respond assertively if you are ever in an uncomfortable situation while online. Exit the program, log off or turn off the computer… –Report, to a parent or other trusted adult, any suspicious or dangerous contact that makes you uncomfortable. Teach Children to Remember the 4 Rs …

64 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse64 Established in 1998 in response to the rapidly escalating problem of Internet crimes involving children.Established in 1998 in response to the rapidly escalating problem of Internet crimes involving children. Formally combined efforts of the New York State Police, NYS Attorney General's Office, NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services and regional affiliates.Formally combined efforts of the New York State Police, NYS Attorney General's Office, NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services and regional affiliates. It is one of 46 nationwide, which has strengthened information sharing between police agencies.It is one of 46 nationwide, which has strengthened information sharing between police agencies. The New York State Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Task Force

65 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse65 Efforts:Efforts: –The New York State Police conduct well coordinated investigations and forensic examination of computers seized as evidence. –The NYS Attorney General prosecutes or assists with the prosecution of offenders. –NYS DCJS is responsible for providing training and education to both the public and law enforcement.

66 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse66 If you have information that the Internet or a computer is being used to victimize a child, contact the NYS ICAC Task Force at:If you have information that the Internet or a computer is being used to victimize a child, contact the NYS ICAC Task Force at: KIDS or FIND-KID

67 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse67 Missing and Exploited Children Clearinghouse

68 NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services – Missing & Exploited Children Clearinghouse68 The NYS Missing and Exploited Children Clearinghouse Fund The New York State Missing and Exploited Children Clearinghouse is partially funded through donations of concerned New Yorkers. 100% of every contribution is used to locate missing children and promote child safety. Contributions help the Clearinghouse to: Provide direct assistance to parents, law enforcement and others when searching for missing and abducted children. Support statewide dissemination of information and educational materials Offer advanced investigative training to law enforcement Offer Operation SAFE CHILD services across the state Ways to Donate: 1. Mail a check or money order directly to: NYS DCJS Missing and Exploited Children Clearinghouse 4 Tower Place Albany, NY New York State Tax law allows individuals to donate directly to the Missing and Exploited Children Clearinghouse fund when filing state income tax returns. Simply specify an amount in the Voluntary gifts/contributions box entitled Missing/Exploited Children Fund. Questions? Call FIND-KID


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