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LAW ENFORCEMENT Dr. Michael J. Palmiotto Professor of Criminal Justice Copyright © 2011, Michael J. Palmiotto, All Rights Reserved
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF LAW ENFORCEMENT Copyright © 2011, Michael J. Palmiotto, All Rights Reserved
Objectives n Understand historical development of policing n Modern policing replaced ineffective system n Modern policing reflects professionalism Copyright © 2011, Michael J. Palmiotto, All Rights Reserved
Why is historic development important? Origin in primitive societies Evolutionary process Key issues of policing unpopular laws civil disorders ambiguous laws Copyright © 2011, Michael J. Palmiotto, All Rights Reserved
How did police role develop into its present function? Do you know the role of women and minorities has changed in policing throughout the decades? Copyright © 2011, Michael J. Palmiotto, All Rights Reserved
Why is an understanding of the development of Law Enforcement important to the professional? Professionals who have an understanding can be creative in improving the field and avoiding the errors of past police agencies and individuals. Copyright © 2011, Michael J. Palmiotto, All Rights Reserved
Ancient & Feudal Periods n Traced to ancient times n Kin police –Formal –informal process Copyright © 2011, Michael J. Palmiotto, All Rights Reserved
Ancient & Feudal Periods continued n Code of Hammurabi n Mosaic Law –Natural Law –Human Law Copyright © 2011, Michael J. Palmiotto, All Rights Reserved
Ancient & Feudal Periods continued n Mala en se n Mala en prohibita Copyright © 2011, Michael J. Palmiotto, All Rights Reserved
Early Greek States n First to develop city policing n Pistratusestablished guard system n Dracocodified laws of Athens n PlatoLaws –Categorized crime according to time –Various degrees of homicide –rehabilitation Copyright © 2011, Michael J. Palmiotto, All Rights Reserved
Romans n Twelve Tables –Judicial procedures –Parental rights –Inheritance –Ownership –Torts –confessions Copyright © 2011, Michael J. Palmiotto, All Rights Reserved
Romans continued n PraetorResponsible for administering justice n Legeslaws passed by the emperor or senate n Senatus consultadegrees passed by the senate Copyright © 2011, Michael J. Palmiotto, All Rights Reserved
Romans continued n Praetorian Guard protect life and property of emperor n Urban cohorts keep the peace of Rome n Preafectus urbiprefect of the city n Vigiles of Romefirefighting responsibilities Copyright © 2011, Michael J. Palmiotto, All Rights Reserved
Chapter 2 Policing in Ancient and English Times Chapter 2 Policing in Ancient and English Times.
Section 2.2 Policing in Ancient Times Section 2.2 Policing in Ancient Times.
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It is illegal to intentionally burp in church in Nevada. (Section Disturbing Religious Meetings) Training a bear to wrestle is a felony in.
starter activity Study the picture of Rome your teacher provides. There are 8 crimes to detect. Can you predict how they were punished? Which would.
culture Preserved the cultures of both Greece and Rome Maintained Roman because the early leaders were from Rome and Greek because it was on former.
Law: Its Purpose and History. Rules vs. Laws? Rule A norm for behaviour - rules of a game or an organization apply only to participants in the game or.
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FCND PART I: INTRODUCTION (CHAPTERS 1 AND 2) CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
Europe Ancient Indians Rome Greece in General Athens.
Laws. Purpose of Laws Laws are sets of rules that allow people to live together Laws: –Keep the peace and prevent violence. –Set punishments (to discourage.
Our Legal System. The Sources of Our Laws Functions of Our Laws Create peaceful society Guarantee individual liberties Discourage criminal acts Set punishments.
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CRIMINAL JUSTICE POLICING IN AMERICA DUTIES OF THE POLICE 4 MAJOR DUTIES Keep the peace Apprehend violators Prevent crime Provide Social Services.
Essential Question: What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire? Warm-Up Question: What is Hellenism? Why was Alexander.
FCND2 Part I: Introduction (Chapters 1 and 2) Chapter 1: Introduction Copyright © 2015 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
Domestic violence Legal framework Prof. dr. Liesbet Stevens Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
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May 17, 2010 First known system of written law? Code of Hammurabi.
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Test 1 Review. Terms to Define Code of Hammurabi – earliest known set of laws, used retribution to punish, Male dominated. Retribution – “Eye for an Eye”
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Police Roles and Organization The History of Policing Local, State, and Federal Law Enforcement.
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education Canada Inc.
In addition to Greece, a significant classical civilization was ancient Rome.
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