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Law of Sines Solving Oblique Triangles Prepared by Title V Staff: Daniel Judge, Instructor Ken Saita, Program Specialist East Los Angeles College EXIT.

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Presentation on theme: "Law of Sines Solving Oblique Triangles Prepared by Title V Staff: Daniel Judge, Instructor Ken Saita, Program Specialist East Los Angeles College EXIT."— Presentation transcript:

1 Law of Sines Solving Oblique Triangles Prepared by Title V Staff: Daniel Judge, Instructor Ken Saita, Program Specialist East Los Angeles College EXIT TOPICSBACKNEXT Click one of the buttons below or press the enter key © 2002 East Los Angeles College. All rights reserved.

2 Topics Oblique Triangle Definitions The Law of Sines General Strategies for Using the Law of Sines ASA SAA The Ambiguous Case SSA Click on the topic that you wish to view... EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

3 Trigonometry can help us solve non- right triangles as well. Non-right triangles are know as oblique triangles. There are two categories of oblique trianglesacute and obtuse. EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

4 In an acute triangle, each of the angles is less than 90º. Acute Triangles EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

5 Obtuse Triangles In an obtuse triangle, one of the angles is obtuse (between 90º and 180º). Can there be two obtuse angles in a triangle? EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

6 The Law of Sines EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

7 Consider the first category, an acute triangle (,, are acute). EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

8 Create an altitude, h. EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

9 Lets create another altitude h. EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

10 EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

11 Putting these together, we get This is known as the Law of Sines. EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

12 The Law of Sines is used when we know any two angles and one side or when we know two sides and an angle opposite one of those sides. EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

13 Fact The law of sines also works for oblique triangles that contain an obtuse angle (angle between 90º and 180º). is obtuse EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

14 General Strategies for Using the Law of Sines EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

15 One side and two angles are known. ASA or SAA EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

16 ASA From the model, we need to determine a, b, and using the law of sines. EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

17 First off, 42º + 61º + = 180º so that = 77º. (Knowledge of two angles yields the third!) EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

18 Now by the law of sines, we have the following relationships: EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

19 So that EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

20 SAA From the model, we need to determine a, b, and using the law of sines. Note: + 110º + 40º = 180º so that = 30º a b EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

21 By the law of sines, EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

22 Thus, EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

23 The Ambiguous Case – SSA In this case, you may have information that results in one triangle, two triangles, or no triangles. EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

24 SSA – No Solution Two sides and an angle opposite one of the sides. EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

25 By the law of sines, EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

26 Thus, Therefore, there is no value for that exists! No Solution! EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

27 SSA – Two Solutions EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

28 By the law of sines, EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

29 So that, EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

30 Case 1 Case 2 Both triangles are valid! Therefore, we have two solutions. EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

31 Case 1 EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

32 Case 2 EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

33 Finally our two solutions: EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

34 SSA – One Solution EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

35 By the law of sines, EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

36 EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

37 Note– Only one is legitimate! EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

38 Thus we have only one triangle. EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

39 By the law of sines, EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

40 Finally, we have: EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS

41 End of Law of Sines Title V East Los Angeles College 1301 Avenida Cesar Chavez Monterey Park, CA Phone: (323) Us At: Our Website: EXIT BACKNEXTTOPICS


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