In democratic government, the supremacy of the Law is a key element to good governance and freedom to life and living. In order to maintain Justice and Equity, the underprivileged of the society must have access to equal representation with equal support from the Law that also give opportunity to the privileged. A Nation where the rule of Law is suppressed; Freedom of speech, Human right abuse, Corruption and Injustice are usually entrenched. This is why the education of Students in the matters of the Law is as important as hoping for a better country – particularly for Nigeria.
Philosophy: The Law programme is designed to ensure that the graduate of Law will have good general knowledge of Law, including a clear understanding of the place and importance of Law in society. All human activities social, economic, political take place within legal framework. It is therefore necessary that the student of Law should also have a broad general knowledge and exposure to other disciplines in the process of acquiring legal education. The programme should introduce students to the general knowledge in Law, acquaint them with principles of judicial process and legal development, and equip them with the basic tools of legal analysis and methods. Legal education should act first, as a stimulus to stir the student into critical analysis and examination of the prevailing social, economic and political systems of his community and, secondly, as an intellectual exercise aimed at studying and assessing the operation, efficacy and relevance of various rules of Law in the society. The curriculum must also ensure that Law is taught as it exists at any given moment, and that every Law student will be comparative in his approach to legal studies bearing in mind that there are many systems of Law (Statutory Law, Common law, Customary Law and Islamic Law) currently in operation. Objectives: A law graduate must be able to use law as a tool for the resolution of various social, economic and political conflicts in society. The training in Law is specifically aimed at producing lawyers whose level of education would equip them properly to serve as advisers, solicitors or advocates to governments and their agencies, companies, business firms, associations, individuals and families, etc. The activities of governments, companies and individuals are expected to be carried out within legal framework. Therefore, the output or end result of the Law programme should meet the needs of such agencies and institutions as international organizations, academic teaching and research institutions, federal, state and local government bodies, various industrial, commercial and mercantile associations and various social, family and domestic groups. Law
Nigeria has 128 Universities (as at July, 2013); No.FundingTotal 1Federal40 2State38 3Private50 128 Not all these institutions offer Law as a course. According to the National Universities Commission (NUC), there are a total of 13 Disciplines, Law being one of these, is offered in 42 of 128 Universities.
No.FundingLaw Institution 1Federal17 2State19 3Private6 42 Civil Law Common & Islamic Law International Law & jurisprudence Islamic Law/Sharia Law Private & Islamic Law Public & International Law Law Common Law
Top Application by Law Courses Course201120122013 %2011%2012%2013 Civil Law25,70126,35424,50431.5830.0224.87 Common & Islamic Law 2,9712,9724,2833.653.384.35 Common Law3166394,1330.390.734.19 Islamic/Sharia Law1,0609511,1621.301.081.18 Law50,81456,55364,05162.4364.4165.00 Private & Islamic Law 7875850.100.09 Public & Private International Law 4562563270.560.290.33 Total Application81,39687,80098,545 Civil law (24.87%) and Law (65.00%) amounts to approximately 90% of total application.
Top Application by Institution Institution201120122013 AVG UNIBEN6,3446,4757,5546,791 UNN6,2856,6487,0486,660 OAU5,6476,0707,0586,258 UNIZIK5,1075,8916,4985,832 UNILAG5,6785,3966,1155,730 ABU5,5113,8943,9044,436 UNILORIN3,7644,7644,7754,434 UI3,5283,2134,2713,671 UNICAL3,7453,1893,7663,567 UNIUYO3,1783,3264,0933,532 UNIABUJA4,3773,3212,2573,318 IMSU1,2433,8693,9663,026 NDU2,9582,8222,5132,869
Application by Course & Institution Civil Law Common & Islamic Law Islamic/Sharia Law Law
Law Applicants (2000 – 2013) YearTotal ApplicationTotal Law% of Law 20131,735,72998,5455.68 20121,503,93387,8005.84 20111,493,61181,3965.45 20101,182,38175,2446.36 20081,054,06068,4346.49 2007911,65356,9396.25 2006803,47250,8806.33 2005916,37169,9577.63 2004841,87868,5158.14 20031,132,392110,5769.76 2002994,38086,6048.71 2001749,41773,3519.79 2000416,38143,33710.41 As shown above; averagely, less than 8% of total University applicants are interested in studying Law, of which less than 5% are eventually admitted.
Admission Rate (2000 – 2007) FACULTY200020022003200520062007 Administration6.752.835.574.656.877.32 Agriculture46.9628.6420.2261.2557.3265.81 Arts26.911.6217.2414.8219.3117.78 Education84.9546.5985.9458.5953.9141.85 Engineering/Env.10.995.128.667.079.319.98 Law5.612.5126.96.36.199.08 Medical5.262.5188.8.131.52.31 Science35.4515.7124.520.5921.825.91 Social Sciences9.844.058.015.178.018.68 Overall, less than 5 of 100 applicants are admitted yearly for Law disciplines, the remaining 95 seek admissions elsewhere
The fewer the number of Lawyers or people who are literate as regard the Law of the land, the higher the rate of Human Right abuse, Corruption and Injustice. Evidently, for a country of over 170million people, the number of applicants admitted yearly to study Law is too low and definitely insufficient to meet future needs of the population, most especially those who would need the help of Lawyers and the underprivileged that will need defense against abuse. The Mo Ibrahim Foundation invests in governance and leadership to catalyse Africas transformation; one of its indices for good governance is Participation & Human Rights, Nigeria was ranked 37 th in Africa in the 2012 report. Also, the Human Rights Risk Index 2012, ranked Nigeria asExtreme in its Poorest Human Rights Risk Index scores.
Human Rights Risk Index 2012
Creating a Nation where Justice and Peace reigns starts with the commitment to helping people know and fight for their right under a open system of the Rule of Law. This commitment must first begin with our Tertiary Institutions, ensuring that as many as are interested in becoming Legal practitioners, are at the least, given the opportunity to pursue their dreams. Without the Law, the people are Lost and the Nation suffers under the influence of a Few who knows and are ready to take the Ignorants for a ride, and for as long as they can, as long as they remain ignorant to their Rights and Privileges!