2In what direction did the ship move? Why do you think so? Krishna Gopal Shrivestava of India set an unofficial world record in 1999 by pulling a ship with a mass of 244,000 kg with his teeth. We can use this feat to learn about force, mass, and acceleration.How would a small rowboat be different if Shrivestava pulled it rather than a large ship?In what direction did the ship move? Why do you think so?When Shrivestava stopped pulling, did the ship stop moving? Explain.You may wish to locate a picture of this event and add it to this slide.
3Famous Scientists The Laws of Motion Great ideas on motion!
4Section 1: The First Law of Motion Objectives:Define Newton’s first law of motion.Explain how inertia and mass are related.
5WRONG!! Aristotle (300 B.C.) Greece His ideas were popular for ~2,000 years.Now, his ideas are obsolete.2,000 years of false knowledgeWhat Aristotle said:Heavier objects fall faster than lighter onesEarth is the center of the universeAll motion on Earth is straight and linearWRONG!!
6Aristotle (300 B.C.) Greece (cont.) Aristotle’s ideas about motion were a beginning in scientific thought.
7Galileo Galilei (1600’s) Italy Discovered moons of JupiterSupported the idea that planets revolve around the SunFamous for ideas on motion…but these were not readily accepted in his time
8Galileo Galilei (cont.) Galileo’s Ideas on Motion:1. All objects fall at same speed (independent of weight)2. Introduced concept of friction- which slows things down3. Inertia (sluggish or lazy)- tendency of an object to resist a change in its motion
9Sir Isaac Newton (1700’s) England “Father of Physics”Devised calculusExplained gravity, the universal law of gravitation (apple on head?)Formulated a theory on the nature of lightFormulated the laws of motion
10Newton’s 1st Law of Motion An object at rest remains at rest…An object in motion maintains its velocity…Net force = 0balanced forces, no acceleration!Unless it experiences an unbalanced force
11First Law (cont.): INERTIA Newton borrowed the idea from Galileo.The inertia of an object is the tendency of the object to resist a change in motion.The larger the mass of an object, the greater its inertia.
12Newton’s 1st Law of Motion Apply Newton’s 1st Law of motion to this picture:
13Newton’s 1st Law of Motion Sports Examples:A moving ball will keep moving forever.Unless slowed by external force of friction (ground, floor) or gravityA soccer ball in grassremains stationary.Until it is kicked (external unbalanced force)