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10 th Nov 2010 Understanding The law in the UK LO: To recap on why we have laws. To recognise the difference between civil and criminal law. To think about.

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Presentation on theme: "10 th Nov 2010 Understanding The law in the UK LO: To recap on why we have laws. To recognise the difference between civil and criminal law. To think about."— Presentation transcript:

1 10 th Nov 2010 Understanding The law in the UK LO: To recap on why we have laws. To recognise the difference between civil and criminal law. To think about the impact on morals on laws and question some laws. Starter Guess the age Quiz Name on sheet and answer on the sheet please.

2 Starter 1 What is the legal age for buying alcohol and tobacco in the UK? 2 At what age can you access contraception in the UK? 3 How old must you be to serve in a jury in the UK? 4 At what age can you marry without your parents permission in England & Wales? 5 What is the age of criminal responsibility in England & Wales? 6 At what age are you allowed to buy fireworks in the UK? 7 At what age can you refuse medical treatment in the UK? 8 Ay what age are you allowed to borrow money eg debt in the UK? 9 What age must you be to stand as an MP or local councilor in an election? 10 What is the age of sexual consent in the UK? 11 How old must you be to get a tattoo in the UK? 12 How old must you be to work part time in the UK?

3 Recap – Who makes law in the UK? Copy and complete - Underline your answers please: G _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ makes law through P _ _ _ _ _ M _ _ _. J _ _ _ _ _ in court also make law. The _ _ _ _ _ _ _ U_ _ _ _ _ makes law which must be followed in the UK. In addition the U _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ns can impact on our law decisions through decisions linked to human rights. LO: To recap on why we have laws. To recognise the difference between civil and criminal law. To think about the impact on morals on laws and question some laws.

4 Why do we have laws? To keep us safe eg murder To keep order in society (linked to above) – eg traffic lights. To protect our human rights & civil liberties eg rights to privacy and free speech To create fairness & justice in society eg anti – discrimination law. A way of settling disagreements eg deciding who is right or wrong in specific cases. LO: To recap on why we have laws. To recognise the difference between civil and criminal law. To think about the impact on morals on laws and question some laws.

5 Civil and Criminal Law? Civil Law - deals with disputes and disagreements between people or groups. For example: divorce, unfair treatment at work, arguments with neighbours etc are civil law disputes. Criminal Law - covers serious behaviour that the government/ state thinks is wrong. The Police are usually involved with Criminal law (crimes). For example: violence, theft, sexual offences, fraud and road traffic offences are all criminal law. LO: To recap on why we have laws. To recognise the difference between civil and criminal law. To think about the impact on morals on laws and question some laws.

6 Task – From the list below group the crimes under either civil or criminal law: CriminalCivil Shoplifting Illegal parking Truanting Joyriding Health & safety injury at work Tree dispute with neighbour Speeding Unfair dismissal Divorce Theft LO: To recap on why we have laws. To recognise the difference between civil and criminal law. To think about the impact on morals on laws and question some laws.

7 Answers CriminalCivil Speedingillegal Parking ShopliftingDivorce Joyriding H & S work injury TheftNeighbour dispute TruantingUnfair dismissal LO: To recap on why we have laws. To recognise the difference between civil and criminal law. To think about the impact on morals on laws and question some laws.

8 Recap – What do we mean by morals? Many of the rules we have in society are linked to morals (what we perceive as acceptable or not) and will have changed over time just as perceptions of morality have changed over time. Task 1 Give 2 examples of moral ideas that have changed over time. 2 Do moral beliefs always reflect the law in society? Explain with an example. LO: To recap on why we have laws. To recognise the difference between civil and criminal law. To think about the impact on morals on laws and question some laws.

9 Laws versus Morals Think about it look at the list below: Same sex marriage (civil partnerships) Abortion Sunday trading Euthanasia Eating meat Adultery Sex before marriage LO: To recap on why we have laws. To recognise the difference between civil and criminal law. To think about the impact on morals on laws and question some laws.

10 The Age of Criminal Responsibility Reading, listening, writing & discussing.... Task Read case study 1 (P12 - Picture this) then answer the 2 questions. LO: To recap on why we have laws. To recognise the difference between civil and criminal law. To think about the impact on morals on laws and question some laws.

11 Age of Criminal Responsibility (ACR) In the UK the ACR is 10 in contrast to 13 in France & 15 in Denmark, Norway & Sweden. In some states of the USA the ACR is 6 and in Scotland it was 8 now raised to 12. Up until the early 19 th century children were treated the same as adults and could be sent to prison and /or hung as young as 12. The ACR was first set in 1933 at 8 years then changed to 10 in Up until 1998 for a 10 – 14 year old child to be convicted of a crime the prosecution HAD TO PROVE that the child was aware that their actions were wrong. Now 10 – 14 year olds are regarded in law as clearly knowing the difference between right & wrong eg that their actions are wrong. LO: To recap on why we have laws. To recognise the difference between civil and criminal law. To think about the impact on morals on laws and question some laws.

12 Homework – Due 17 th Nov The UK government should raise the age of criminal responsibility to 12/13 in order to be more in line with Europe. Agree/Disagree? Write a discursive essay showing you have researched both sides of the argument and clearly stating what you think and why. Follow a clear plan and include paragraphs: eg Introduction, arguments for, arguments against, Conclusion – what you think and why. Make your own notes on your homework sheet from our class discussion to help you – you can also access the whole lesson on FROG. (Check last slide :links) LO: To recap on why we have laws. To recognise the difference between civil and criminal law. To think about the impact on morals on laws and question some laws.

13 Facts Take care not to just spout opinion in your essays – you need facts/ evidence to back up any statement or argument. In 2006 children under 10 were the main suspects of almost 3000 crimes in England & Wales – although many were minor offences almost half involved criminal damage and arson and 66 cases were for a suspected sexual offence. Under 10s who commit a crime can be placed under an order of the court for up to 12 months eg including place & time restrictions, assigned to a social worker and/or a youth offending team. Over 10s can be ordered to do a form of community service or sent to a secure childrens home, detention centre or Young offenders Institution (YOI). LO: To recap on why we have laws. To recognise the difference between civil and criminal law. To think about the impact on morals on laws and question some laws.

14 Plenary Quick Memory Quiz Have you met your LO? LO: To recap on why we have laws. To recognise the difference between civil and criminal law. To think about the impact on morals on laws and question some laws.

15 Helpful Links BBC NEWS | UK | Thousands of crimes by under-10s Children under 10 suspected of 3,000 crimes – Telegraph BBC NEWS | UK | Criminal age 'should be raised Your rights - Criminal Responsibility BBC News - Calls to raise age of criminal responsibility rejected What is the age of criminal responsibility in the UK? BBC NEWS | Scotland | Scots criminal age to go up to 12 Richard Garside: The UK's age of criminal responsibility is too low | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk Richard Garside: The UK's age of criminal responsibility is too low | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk Venables: age of criminal responsibility in the spotlight | UK news | guardian.co.uk Venables: age of criminal responsibility in the spotlight | UK news | guardian.co.uk Defense of infancy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

16 Starter - How many did you get right? 1 To buy alcohol & tobacco 18 2 Contraception – any age as long as the doctor considers you mature enough and understand what is involved. 3 Jury – 18 4 Marry without parents permission – 18 5 Criminal responsibility – 10 6 Betting or buying fireworks – 18 7 Age to refuse medical treatment – any age as long as doctor believes you understand. 8 Age to borrow money 18 9 Age to be a councillor or MP/ vote Sexual Consent – Tattoo – Part time work - 13


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