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Constitutional Law 101 2013 Legal Quadrivium Linda Jean Carpenter, Ph.D., J.D.
In the beginning... Executive Legislature Judiciary
In the beginning... Judiciary Article 3
In the beginning... Judiciary October... by statute End of July... by custom
In the beginning... Judiciary Courtroom 82 by 91 feet Courtroom 82 by 91 feet
In the beginning... Judiciary Courtroom 82 by 91 feet Courtroom 82 by 91 feet Completed in 1935 Completed in 1935
In the beginning... Judiciary Courtroom 82 by 91 feet Courtroom 82 by 91 feet Completed in 1935 Completed in 1935 Cost: 9 million Cost: 9 million
9 on the Court
... since 1869 by statute... since 1869 by statute
9 on the Court 8 Associate Justices + 1 Chief Justice 8 Associate Justices + 1 Chief Justice
9 on the Court... since 1869 by statute... since 1869 by statute Court packing
Ill take it to the Supreme Court !
You think so???
Original Jurisdiction Appellate Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction 9000 cases Appellate Jurisdiction 100 decisions
9 on the Court
Writ of certiorari
9 on the Court 4 to hear Recusal Illness Vacancy 6 to decide
Tick Tock Arguing a case
Judgment Day Opinions
Judgment Day Opinions Majority 1+1+1+1+1...
Judgment Day Opinions Majority Concurring
Judgment Day Opinions Majority Concurring 1+1+1+1+1...
Judgment Day Opinions Dissenting
Who has to honor your Constitutional rights?
State Actor Yes State Actor Yes Non-State Actor No Non-State Actor No
Standards of Review Mild Scrutiny rationally related to a legitimate state interest
Standards of Review Strict Scrutiny necessary to accomplish a compelling state interest
Standards of Review Mild Scrutiny Nebulous middle level Strict Scrutiny
Standards of Review Strict Scrutiny necessary to accomplish a compelling state interest Fundamental rights Suspect classifications
Sources of Most Issues Amendments to the Constitution
Public School Penguin Pickleball Team Tryouts
No Small Gray Penguins Allowed
Public School Penguin Pickleball Team Tryouts No Small Gray Penguins Allowed State Actor? Constitutional Issue? Suspect Class? Scrutiny?
Constitutional Law 101 2012 Legal Quadrivium Linda Jean Carpenter, Ph.D., J.D.
The Supreme Court. Composition of the Court Judiciary Act of 1789 Six justices, including 1 Chief Justice Changed 6 times since Current number is 9 justices,
The Supreme Court at Work. Basic Facts About the Supreme Court 9 Justices on the Court Each “term” begins first Monday in October and lasts until they.
JUDICIAL BRANCH THE UNITED STATES COURT SYSTEM. I. JURISDICTIONS A. Original Article III, section 2 B. Appellate.
THE JUDICIAL BRANCH The Federal Court System established in Article III established in Article III.
Chapter 18 Review. Cases that are only heard in federal court 1.Original Jurisdiction 2.Appellate Jurisdiction 3.Exclusive Jurisdiction 4.Precedent.
Judiciary Unit Chapter 18 Page 506+.
The Judicial Branch “The judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from.
Supreme Court. Members 9 justices Serve for life Lead by the Chief Justice Appointed by the President, approved by the Senate.
The Supreme Court. Jurisdiction Original Original Who hears the case first Who hears the case first Supreme Court has Original Jurisdiction: Supreme Court.
Mock Supreme Court Assignment, Discussion & Activity with 8.3 & 8.4.
The Supreme Court. Work of the Federal Courts Remember: 97% of cases are handled by state courts Federal Court Jurisdiction – Federal Question Federal.
judicial review the court’s authority to review a law to determine whether the law is in conflict with the Constitution.
1 Unit 02 The Courts. Article III, Section 1 –“One Supreme Court, and such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.”
Essential Question How Have The Values And Principles Embodied In The Constitution Shaped American Institutions And Practices?
The Federal Courts and the Judicial Branch Section 3 at a Glance The Supreme Court The importance of the Supreme Court has grown since the Court’s early.
American Government and Politics: Deliberation, Democracy, and Citizenship Chapter Sixteen Judiciary.
American government Unit 4.
Unit Four Lesson 25 What is the role of the Supreme Court in the American Constitutional System?
The United States Supreme Court. Function: ◦ Ensures uniformity in interpreting national laws ◦ Resolves conflicts among states ◦ Maintains national.
Unit Eight The Judicial Branch.
Federal Court System. Federal Courts Creation of Federal Courts –No national court system under Articles of Confederation –Article III established Supreme.
Unit 6 Mastery Assignment 1 WOULD YOU LIKE TO PLAY A GAME?? Here is your chance to create your own...Using the terms on the next slide, you can create.
American Government and Politics Today
The Judiciary Chapter 12. Interpretation of Judicial language Stare Decisis: “to stand on decided cases” Appellate Court: A court reviewing a case originally.
Chapter 18 The Federal Court System. National Judiciary The Judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior.
CH 10: The American Legal System and the Courts
The Federal Judicial System: Applying the Law Chapter 14.
Judicial Branch. The US Has a Dual Court System The 2 Systems? State Federal This duality reflects what principle of government?
Section 3. The Court Decisions are final Intended to be as powerful as the other two branches Chief Justice & 8 associate justices – Appointed for life.
Judiciary Week 11 Chapter 12 in Wilson. Models of Judicial Roles Natural Law Model Natural Law Model Legal Rules Model Legal Rules Model.
THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM Chapter 18. The Judicial System Two types of cases: Criminal Law: Government charges an individual with violating one or more.
Supreme Court. Writ of Certiorari a/k/a “Granting Cert” When 4 of 9 Justices of the Supreme Court, the Court issues a writ (order) to the lower court,
Unit 6, Section 1 The United States Supreme Court.
MR. LIPMAN’S AP GOVERNMENT CHAPTER 10 THE JUDICIARY.
United States Court System
Judicial. JUDICIAL BRANCH BASIC INFORMATION Types of Cases Civil – involves a lawsuit filed (plaintiff), and (defendant) court decides responsibility.
Government Judicial Branch. Section 1 Common Law Tradition Common Law: judge made law that originated in England. Decisions were based on customs and.
The Judicial Branch The Federal Courts and the Supreme Court.
Government - Libertyville HS The Federal Judicial System.
THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM Chapter 18. The Judicial System Articles of Confederation did not set up a national judicial system Major weakness of the Articles.
Political Science American Government and Politics Chapter 13 The Judiciary.
JUDICIAL BRANCH ARTICLE III. LEADERSHIP- SUPREME COURT The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States. It is the only court actually created.
COURTS OF APPELLATE JURISDICTION
The Judicial Branch Chapter 16 The Role of the Courts.
Jeopardy Terms 1 Terms 2 C D E $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Final Jeopardy.
The Judiciary Vocabulary Review. activist approach.
Chapter Sixteen The Judiciary. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.16 | 2 Judicial Review Judicial review: the right of the federal.
Chapter 3-2 The Federal Court System
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