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Homeless Youth: Reducing the Barriers to Care 1. 2.

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Presentation on theme: "Homeless Youth: Reducing the Barriers to Care 1. 2."— Presentation transcript:

1 Homeless Youth: Reducing the Barriers to Care 1

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4 Homelessness Defined The term "homeless children and youths means individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence This includes children and youths who are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations; living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, similar settings, or other public or private places not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings; living in emergency or transitional shelters; abandoned in hospitals; awaiting foster care placement; doubled up due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason. ( DHHS Definition) 4

5 Prevalence of Youth Homelessness Nationally % of youth experience homelessness each yr, which means 1.6 million youth between yrs and 2.5 million between Local community programs, funded by the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (HHS) and administered by DHHS, served over 786,600 homeless and runaway youth in DHHS reported that 5,100 homeless youth were turned away from shelter and housing in 2008 due to lack of bed spaces (Source: National Alliance to End Homelessness) 5

6 Prevalence of Children & Youth Homelessness in Maryland According to the National Center on Family Homelessness: Maryland ranks 18 th in the Nation in child homelessness(0-18 y.o.) In 2010, there were an estimated 12,810 children/youth experiencing homelessness in Maryland. (This number does include the 844 homeless, unaccompanied youth) Of the 131,000 children/youth living in poverty in Md., one out of every 10 (10%) are homeless. 6

7 Prevalence of Youth Homelessness in Baltimore 2007: the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health and the Baltimore Homeless Youth Initiative conducted a one-day census which counted 272 homeless and unstably housed young people. 2009: the homeless youth count identified 781 young people (ages 10-24) who were homeless or unstably housed. Of these, 426 were unaccompanied by parents or guardians. (The 2009 number represents a 287% increase over 2007.) In January 2011, the homeless youth count of young people between the ages of 13 and 25 identified 640 unaccompanied youth in Baltimore City. 7

8 Causes of Homelessness Lack of livable incomes (i.e., poverty) Lack of housing affordable to households with very low incomes Lack of health and supportive services 8

9 Causes of Homelessness Cont… Youth homelessness is largely a reflection of family breakdown. Youth become homeless for varying reasons, including: leaving home because of physical and/or sexual abuse; being abandoned by their parents or guardians – e.g., because of non-acceptance of the youths gender identity or sexual orientation; parents incarceration, parents substance abuse, parents mental health problems being emancipated – e.g., because of teen pregnancy; exiting Foster Care and/or the Juvenile Correction system. 9

10 Personal Experiences of Youth Homelessness Luther Shawn Other stories… On Our Own Short Film h?v=x1GbfSvJ-5E 10

11 Realities and Consequences of Youth Homelessness Homelessness is bad for ones health and well-being. Its especially dangerous for young people who do not have familial support. Unaccompanied homeless youth are at a higher risk: Physical health problems Physical and sexual assault Severe emotional stress - including anxiety disorders, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and suicide Substance abuse Prostitution – i.e., survival sex: Data indicates that within 72 hours of hitting the streets, 1 out of every 3 runaways will be forced to engage in survival sex in order to meet their basic needs for food and shelter (National Runaway Switchboard). 11

12 Realities and Consequences of Youth Homelessness, cont… What is it like to be on the street? Unsafe, scary, and uncomfortable Where do youth sleep? Wherever they feel mostly comfortable and/or safe - it could be a friends or family members house, shelter, bus stop, park bench, alley, etc. Where and what do they eat? They eat whatever they can get their hands on unless health problems only allow them to eat certain things. Youth go to friends and family houses, soup kitchens or wherever they feel its safe, comfortable and welcoming to eat. What do they look like? Theres really no way to tell whos homeless. While some youth might look distressed in dirty clothes and with poor hygiene, others will be clean and fresh as anyone whos housed. you really have to talk and listen to there story. They might have some holes in there story which could also mean they are homeless. Homeless young people also experience barriers to education and employment. 12

13 Homeless Youth have a Right to an Equal Education Homeless youth can: Enroll immediately (without records, school uniforms or fees or a parents involvement) Stay at their school of origin even if they are moving from place to place and receive free transportation to this school, or Transfer to the school which is closest to their current location Receive free school meals and uniforms Access all school activities without paying fees Apply for financial aid for college without sharing information about a parent 13

14 What do Homeless Youth Want and Need from Providers? Rule #1: Do not ask are you homeless? Reason: They might not know that they are homeless or they might be scared or ashamed of it. Rule #2: Listen deeply - take the time to process what youth really are saying. Reason: Without really listening its easy to miss what youth are really saying. Also, youth want help and want to know someone cares and someone is trying to help them. Rule #3: Expect that they may not let you in Reason: Homeless youth have often been hurt many times and they havent learned that they can trust people. Rule #4: Know your boundaries and stick to them Reason: Some youth are looking for parents, sisters, aunties, etc. If you swoop in to help them more than you should, youre setting them up to be hurt because you cant keep that up. 14

15 Challenges of Serving Youth Experiencing Homelessness 15

16 SB 72: The Challenges Obtaining Medical Consent. In order to provide routine primary and preventative health care to minors, a clinician must receive permission from a parent or legal guardian. Access to Care due to perceived cost, lack of trust by youth, institutional/system barriers, transportation, lack of knowledge by youth regarding resources in the community. 16

17 The Solution(s) Create a Health Center that addresses the unique needs of homeless children/youth CHANGE THE LAW 17

18 Pediatric & Adolescent Clinic at Health Care for the Homeless, Inc. 18

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20 SB 72: The Legal Solution The new law allows youth who are living separate from their parent/guardian and providing self-support to consent to their own medical treatment. This allows unaccompanied youth experiencing homelessness to seek medical treatment for chronic and acute health conditions such as asthma, the flu or a sprained ankle. The new law also extends liability protections - for lack of parental consent only - to the clinicians who treat them. Providing needed medical care to homeless youth is a critical step toward ending their homelessness. Given the ability to provide comprehensive medical care, providers at HCH and elsewhere in the community now have more tools at their disposal to engage youth with the hope of helping them treat their health conditions and end their homelessness. 20

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25 SB 72: Lessons Learned Senate Bill 72 unanimously passed both houses in the Maryland General Assembly and was signed into law by Governor OMalley on May 2. The new law became effective on October 1. The success demonstrated… Importance of Perseverance: It took several years. Importance of Legislative Champions: Both Ds and Rs Importance of Committed Partners: MedChi, Maryland Chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics Importance of Provider and Consumer Participation in Policy: Provides expertise, and puts a face on the real experiences, challenges and impact 25

26 The Work Ahead Raise awareness about SB72 – and about youth homelessness generally Support the Maryland Unaccompanied Youth Act and other initiatives to increase services (e.g., youth shelters, more effective child welfare policies) and reduce barriers for vulnerable youth Advocate for systemic change to address the causes of homelessness – for people young and old: Support living wages and adequate public benefits Support the development of housing affordable to households with extremely low incomes Support health care and supportive services for low income and otherwise vulnerable individuals. 26

27 Health Care and Housing should be Fundamental rights 27

28 Youth Empowered Society (YES) Grew out of the Baltimore Homeless Youth Initiative (BHYI) Specifically, the BHYIs Youth Leaders were the driving force behind this drop-in center that was planned to be one-stop shop that was centrally located, easily accessible by public transportation, open in the evenings, and, most importantly, staffed by young adults with experiences of homelessness. Planning, fundraising, support from OSI, and endless group decision-making sessions eventually led to YES Founded and run by formerly homeless youth and their allies, the Youth Empowered Society (YES) works to end youth homelessness in Baltimore by supporting formerly homeless youth to become leaders in our community and by providing vital, direct services to homeless youth. 28

29 YES Drop-In Center 29

30 YES Drop-In Center The YES Drop-In Center is a safe space for youth, who are homeless or at-risk of homelessness and between ages 14-25, to get basic needs met and establish supportive relationships that help them make and sustain connections to long-term resources and opportunities. Our vision is that all Baltimore youth will easily access the resources they need to achieve stable housing and become healthy, successful adults. The Drop-In Center opened October 3 rd and is now open Mon- Thurs 3-8pm to receive youth. Currently we provide: clothing, hygiene products, food, transportation assistance, laundry and storage services, assistance obtaining identification, appts with providers… 30

31 The (Few) Other Resources in Baltimore for Homeless Youth Rose Street and Loving Arms Youth Shelters -8 beds each City Steps/AIRS Transitional and Permanent Housing -7 Transitional beds for single year olds -12 Transitional beds for women with children, Permanent housing unites for single year olds -Additional scattered site permanent housing units for year olds with disabilities Maryland Foster Youth Resource Center -Resources center and alternative transitional housing program for transitioning and former foster youth 31

32 What Else Needs to Exist? More shelter beds for youth under 18 A shelter for youth 18-24, with or without children Shelters that offer therapy services More one-stop-shop centers like YES More employment opportunities in fields that youth are interested in More affordable housing More permanent supportive housing Supportive services to help youth stay housed 32

33 How Can we Bring About these Changes? The Journey Home for Youth: Updating Baltimores 10 Year Plan to End Homelessness Maryland Unaccompanied Homeless Youth Act Creates an Office of Unaccompanied Youth Housing within DHCD charges to provide or contract for: Street Outreach Services, Drop-In Programs, Youth Shelters and Transitional Living Programs, Permanent Housing & Data Collection. In effect it establishes a right to housing for homeless youth Strategy will likely be to ask for funding for pilot programs first 33

34 Contact Information Lisa Stambolis, CPNP 421 Fallsway, Baltimore, MD Lara Law, Shawn Toyer & Luther Thompson Youth Empowered Society – YES Drop-In Center 2315 N. Charles, 1 st Fl, Baltimore, MD projects/yes/ 34

35 No Relevant Financial Relationships with Commercial Interests

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