2 Code of Hammurabi One of the earliest known sets of written laws Hammurabi codified the rules and penalties for every aspect of Babylonian lifeClose to 300 lawsLaws attributed to the godsWealthy given more protection than the poorBased on retribution (an eye for an eye)
3 Mosaic Law One of the biggest influences on modern Canadian law The Ten Commandments are the first part of this type of lawSimilar to the Code of HammurabiThough more concerned with punishing deliberate actions
4 Greek LawAthenian citizens were expected to participate in major decisions affecting the running of the countryJury system can be traced to AthensLargest recorded jury was 6,000 peopleOnly citizens could speak at trialsBoth accused and accuser would suggest a sentence and the jury voted on the sentence
5 Roman Law Two basic principles The law must be recordedJustice could not be left to judges aloneThe Twelve Tables were earliest Roman law and became the foundation for British lawInclude: public prosecution of crimes, victim compensation, protected the lower classWomen were not mentioned because they had no status as peopleUsed legal advisers (the predecessor of lawyers)
6 Justinian’s CodeReform of Roman law by Emperor Justinian I (completed in 529 CE)Inspired the modern concept of justice and is a key basis for modern lawFormed the basis of civil law and criminal law
7 Napoleonic CodeNapoleon commissioned a new code of laws in order to unify French law after the French RevolutionUsed a non-technical style that made it easier for people to understandRegulated civil matters (e.g. wills, contracts)
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