3 Lecture Programme Lecture Topic 1 Introduction to e-commerce law 2 Electronic Contracts345Electronic Signatures and Security6Consideration7Consumer Protection8Intellectual Property910Jurisdiction and Crime
4 Seminar Programme Workshop Topic 1 Electronic Contracts 2 Electronic Signatures and Security and Electronic Payments3Consumer Protection for electronic contracts4Intellectual Property and E-commerce5Jurisdictional issues and electronic crime
5 BooksThere are numerous books available on the topic of e-commerce, many are out of date.If any new books are published over the duration of this course, I will inform you.
6 BooksEncyclopedia of Information Technology Law, Sweet and Maxwell, LondonM Chissick & A Kelman, Electronic Commerce – Law and Practice, Sweet and Maxwell, LondonL Edwards & C Waelde, Law & the Internet, a framework for electronic commerce, 2nd Edition, Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2000.C Gringras, The Laws of the Internet, Butterworths, LondonJ Philips, Ed., Butterworths Information Technology Handbook, Butterworths, LondonC Reed, Internet Law: Text and Materials, Butterworths, London
7 Books (cont’d)C Reed & J Angel, Eds., Computer Law, 4th Edition, Oxford University Press, OxfordD Rowland & E Macdonald, Information Technology Law, 2nd Edition, Cavendish Publishing, London, 2000S Singleton, E-Commerce: A Practical Guide to the Law, Gower, Aldershot, 2001P Todd, Electronic Commerce Law, Cavendish Publishing, 2005
8 Online MaterialsYou will need to supplement your study with reference to online materials.Westlaw has a good range of electronic journals.Numerous other updaters for e-commerce law.
9 What is meant by the term e-commerce? DefinitionsWhat is meant by the term e-commerce?“The concept of electronic commerce can be defined as using an electronic network to simplify and speed up all stages of the business process, from design and making to buying, selling and delivering” – DTI 1999.
10 Irish Revenue Commissioner 1999 Further definitions“at its simplest, e-commerce is the buying or selling of goods and services of any kind on the Internet”Irish Revenue Commissioner 1999
11 e-commerce at its simplest “E-commerce is the term used to describe the electronic creation of a contract, normally which is for goods or services”
12 How can e-commerce be effected? E-commerce can be effected in two main ways.1. Via the Internet.2. Via an electronic mail system (including EDI type systems)
13 Who takes part in e-commerce? E-commerce is undertaken by two main recognisable groups.ConsumersBusiness
14 How do these groups interact? 1. Business to Business (B2B)2. Business to Consumer (B2C)3. Consumer to Consumer (C2C)
15 Why do e-commerce?There is only one reason why businesses like e-commerce.Profits
16 Why do e-commerce?Profits are increased because of the benefits of Internet shopping for consumers. These are:24/7 opening which means utter flexibility;Worldwide market; andCost/price of the goods.
17 Why do e-commerce?There is a belief that goods bought from the Internet are cheaper.This is not always so.However, business overheads are often lower.
18 Why do e-commerce?Why are overheads lower? These apply to internet only businesses.- No shop space required – saving rent, insurance, lights, heating.- Fewer staff required – saving wages, staff training, insurance.
19 Straw Poll How many of you have bought something from the Internet? This includes plane tickets, train tickets, CDs/DVDs from America, books?
20 StatisticsIn November 2002, 1 billion pounds was spent on online purchases in the UKBetween 1st December and 8th December 2002, 2 billion dollars was spent on online purchases in the USA.
21 Statistics2004 GBP 71.1 billion(e-commerce Survey of Business)
22 Statistics Online sales grow each year IMRG estimates that UK online retail sales are growing three times faster than in the US.
23 Global Internet Usage 2002 Africa 6.31 million Asia/Pacific EuropemillionMiddle East5.12 millionCanada & USAmillionLatin America33.35 millionWorld Totalmillion
24 Internet Usage Statistics CountryAugust 2005Australia9,881,438Brazil11,630,195France15,278,597Germany29,576,985Italy16,231,011Japan39,001,846Spain9,846,290Sweden4,700,804Switzerland3,501,981United Kingdom22,792,544United States140,589,403
25 Current Internet Usage 1.08 billion(Computer Industry Almanac)Projection for billion
26 Access to the InternetA year ago, only 46% of Internet users in the UK were broadband enabled.But growth has been sharp and swift, and now nearly 75% of surfers are using high-speed connections
27 Where do people access the Internet from? 88% at home48% at work29% at another person’s home13% at a place of education10% at a public library
28 How do people access the internet? 85% via a desktop computer28% by a laptop22% mobile phone
29 StatisticsAccording to Europemedia: Italians sent 70 billion messages in 2002.The research indicates that around 160 million messages were sent daily by business users, while home users sent 20 million on average.
30 More statisticsItalian employees spend approximately two working hours a day sending and receiving an average of 70 messages a day.
31 Statistics550 million s were sent and received by British households during January 2002 alone.A third of all sent is spam (E-Commerce Times)
32 Email Statistics 20th March 2002 “ became more popular than postal mail in the UK, with the number of s being sent and received from households exceeding letters.” - NetValue
33 The law of e-commerceE-commerce covers a wide number of legal areas. Some of these are: -- Crime- Consumer protection- Contract- Data protection- Jurisdiction and Private International Law- Intellectual Property Law
34 Development of e-commerce law Given the global nature of e-commerce law, there has been a global response to the legal issues.Europe has issued numerous Directives ensuring that all European States develop similar laws.
35 European Directives European Directives have led to: Electronic Communications Act 2000Electronic Commerce Regulations 2002Consumer Protection (Distance Selling) Regulations 2000.
36 Blackboard Full use will be made of Blackboard. This includes: Workshop materialsLectures (electronic recordings)Up to date book listsDiscussion Board