Presentation on theme: "By Dr. Leena Leon Asst. Professor, Department of Home Science, St. Teresas College, Ernakulam Fast Food Consumption Among Adolescent Girls in Ernakulam."— Presentation transcript:
By Dr. Leena Leon Asst. Professor, Department of Home Science, St. Teresas College, Ernakulam Fast Food Consumption Among Adolescent Girls in Ernakulam
Fast Food A Definition Fast food is any food that: Is quick and convenient Lowest in nutritional quality High in saturated fat High in sodium and sugar content Low in fiber Low in vitamins and minerals Not made at home Contains of artificial colors and flavoring agents Processed or semi-processed
Objectives Study the fast food habits and preference of adolescents To compare present nutrient intake with RDA of ICMR to assess the nutritional status of adolescent girls Find out factors that leads adolescents to fast foods Determine the extent of fast food consumption Determine the awareness level of the health hazards of fast food consumption
Why the study? Increasing consumption of fast food among adolescents Increasing health problems among adolescents Lack of interests in games, extra curricular activities, … Problems like obesity, cardiovascular risk, low immunity levels, … Increased threat to adolescent girls… Are adolescents aware of the health hazards of fast foods?
How the study was conducted? Preliminary Study: Population – Adolescent girls (13-18) Area – Ernakulam District, Kerala No. of students – 5672 (8 Schools) Fast food consumers (at least once a week) – 4380 (77.22%) Target Population (at least 3 times a week) – 3302 (58.22%) Low income (less than Rs p.a.) – 860 students (26.04%) Middle income (above Rs & below ) – 1882 students (57%) High income (above Rs ) – 560 students (16.95%)
Research Methodology Method – Survey Target population – 3302 Sampling method – Proportionate Stratified Sampling Strata – LI, MI, HI Each strata is further divided into 3 groups based on age – 13 and 14, 15 and and 18 Simple random samples selected from each stratum
Study Design Semi structured questionnaire was used to collect data regarding general and fast food habits, preferences, awareness, frequency consumption and factors influence fast food consumption Dietary recall of 3 consecutive days to estimate nutrient consumption Data collected through personal interview of the participants.
Sample and Sample size Target population –Adolescent girls between the age of 13–18 Selection criterion – Adolescents who consumed fast food three or more times in a week Population identified by – Pilot study Participants – From eight different educational institutions in Ernakulam Sample size – 554
General Dietary Habits
Comparison of Mean Nutrient Intake with RDA
Nutritional Status using NHANES BMI Age/Sex Percentiles
Mode of Introduction
Fast Food Sources
Reasons for Fast Food Consumption
Sources of Information
Conclusion The study highlighted the dangers of the fast food trap that the adolescents are in. Majority of the participants consumed fast foods without knowing the health impacts and long term health implications. The parents as well as the children were equally unaware of the potentials health problems that could arise from regular consumption of fast food. The importance of a balanced diet and regular and good eating habits were often ignored due to a host of reasons from ignorance to lack of time. So the necessity of awareness programs targeted at parents and children became evident. The media should play its role by stopping the glorification of fast foods through celebrity advertisements and instead try to educate the audience about good food habits, good foods and why it is important to stay away from fast foods.