Presentation on theme: "SPONGE 3.What is one purpose of dieting besides losing weight? 4.What do you think is more important for your well-being: a healthy diet or exercise? Explain."— Presentation transcript:
SPONGE 3.What is one purpose of dieting besides losing weight? 4.What do you think is more important for your well-being: a healthy diet or exercise? Explain. Nutrition, Day 2
Nutrition Section 2 Weight Control
The Food Groups A good diet includes food from each of the food groups: –Bread/Pasta/Cereal/Rice group –Fruit group –Vegetable group –Meat/Protein group –Dairy group
Reading Food Labels Ask yourself: –How many calories are in a serving? –How many servings are in this bag/box? –How much of the fat is saturated or trans fat? –What vitamins/minerals do I get from this food?
Weight Control Diets rarely work in the long term. You must decide to live a healthy lifestyle every day. The best way to become healthy is to eat well and exercise. The purpose of a diet can be to lose weight, but it can also be to gain weight or to keep your weight the same.
Weight Control Being underweight can be just as dangerous as being overweight. Many athletes believe they are overweight for their height and age, but because muscle weighs twice as much as fat, athletes will often weigh more. People who are more than 20% over their desired body weight are obese. Obesity means having too much fat in the body. This causes the body to not function as well.
Managing Calories There are 3500 calories in every pound of fat. If you want to lose a pound you should use a combination of healthy diet and exercise. –If you played 2 hours of basketball a week you would lose 1,250 calories. –In addition, if you ate 300 fewer calories a day (a piece of pizza and a pop) that would add up to 3500 calories that week. –Do not try to lose more than 2 pounds a week, especially if you are an athlete, as you can lose muscle mass.
How Many Calories Should I be Eating? First you need to find your BMR Your Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) is the number of calories you burn while resting. –This is how most the calories you eat in a day are burned (unless you exercise very much.) To find your BMR: –Guys, multiply your weight by x 11 cal/lb = 1,815 calories burned resting a day. –Ladies, multiply your weight by x 10 cal/lb = 1,400 calories burned resting a day.