Presentation on theme: "Shahzadi Tayyaba Hashmi DNT 243. Dental caries Definition: Also known as tooth decay or a cavity It is defined as an infection which is bacterial in origin."— Presentation transcript:
Dental caries Definition: Also known as tooth decay or a cavity It is defined as an infection which is bacterial in origin and causes demineralization and destruction of hard tissues of teeth (enamel, dentine and cementum)
ETIOLOGY Dental caries is a multifactorial disease of teeth The major factors in the etiology of dental caries are as follows: Diet Bacteria Susceptible tooth surface Time
1 ) SUCCEPTIBLE TOOTH SURFACE Generally, non-self-cleansable areas are more prone to develop caries as they provide stagnation areas for bacteria in dental plaque: 1. Enamel pits and fissures on occlusal surfaces of molars and premolars: Pits and fissure have the highest prevalence of dental caries as they provide excellent mechanical shelter for microorganisms Demineralization of enamel occur because food trapped inside pits and fissures on chewing surfaces (occlusal), and where brushing and even saliva cannot reach
2) Bacteria Streptococci are essential for development of dental caries Acidogenic Able to produce a pH low enough (<5) to decalcify tooth substance Able to survive and produce acid at low levels of pH Able to produce polysaccharides (glucans)
3) Diet Diet has been shown to affect the caries rate in various ways: Composition: Carbohydrates like sucrose, fructose and glucose are cariogenic. sucrose is the most harmful sugar type. Consistency: Food which is soft and sticky accumulates on tooth surface more than fibrous non-sticky food Frequency: Another factor promoting caries is the consumption of snacks between meals
4) Time Time is another significant factor in the development of dental caries If the tooth surface has been exposed to the acid produced by the bacteria of the dental plaque for a long period, this acid will harm and demineralize tooth surface
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