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Rosangela A Pereira Luana S Monteiro Thais M Vasconcelos Camila P Coura Janaina P Silva Daniele R Cunha Departamento de Nutrição Social e Aplicada Instituto.

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Presentation on theme: "Rosangela A Pereira Luana S Monteiro Thais M Vasconcelos Camila P Coura Janaina P Silva Daniele R Cunha Departamento de Nutrição Social e Aplicada Instituto."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rosangela A Pereira Luana S Monteiro Thais M Vasconcelos Camila P Coura Janaina P Silva Daniele R Cunha Departamento de Nutrição Social e Aplicada Instituto de Nutrição Josué de Castro Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro Brazilian Northern and Southeastern Food Biodiversity CNPq - Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development # / and # / – PDEE

2 Major social and economic changes in Brazil – Modification in the dietary patterns Brazilians combine the traditional diet, based on rice and beans, with processed foods low in nutrients and high in sugar, fat and sodium, like cookies and sodas IBGE, 2011 Reduction in the consumption of traditional foods Increase in the consumption of processed foods

3 Changes in the dietary patterns Impairment of food diversity Reduction of food options Disruption of local food market and production systems Uniformity of food habits

4 Brazilian Dietary Guidelines healthy diet regional foods Brazilian food diversity obtaining low cost healthy local food contributing to environmental sustainability empowering family farming

5 Objective To compare the food diversity in the Northern and Southeastern Brazilian regions (less densely vs. most densely populated)

6 Methods Brazil: domicílios Southeast: domicílios North:7.611 domicílios Brazilian Household Budget Survey Two-stage cluster sampling design Income and location strata Data collection: 12 months Sample units equally allocated among the four quarters of the survey to reproduce seasonal variations North Central West Northeast Southeast South

7 Northern region Amazon ecosystem 42% of the country area 8% of the country population 16 millions inhabitants = 74% in urban areas Population density: 4 inhabitants/km 2

8 Southeastern region Devastated subtropical forest: Mata Atlantica 11% of the country area 44% of the country population 80 millions inhabitants = 93% in urban areas Population density: 84 inhabitants/km²

9 Data collection Food and beverage acquisition for consumption Monetary and Non monetary (donation, production, etc) – Informed by the person that was responsible by the household expenses Recorded in a notebook Data entry in the households – specific software – personal interview

10 Data treatment Only fresh foods Cereals Leafy Vegetables Fruity Vegetables Roots and tubers Fruits Coconuts and seeds Red meats Poultry Freshwater fish Marine fish Local names Scientific names – Taxonomy (Pubmed) and other sources

11 Household availability: number of species in the Brazilian Northern and Southeastern,

12 Future developments of the research Identify the origins of the foods To estimate the prevalence of acquisition To relate with individual food consumption data

13 The major problem to describe food diversity in Brazil is the broad variation of common names for single foods

14 Information on dietary habits is important to guide food and nutrition policies elaboration in Brazil

15 Rimaro – Cuiabá, Brasil This project is funded by the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (# /2010-5) Thank you!


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