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Medications That May Contribute to Weight Gain Martha Allen-Madrid, RN, BSN Weight Loss Coach Bariatric Hypnotherapist.

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Presentation on theme: "Medications That May Contribute to Weight Gain Martha Allen-Madrid, RN, BSN Weight Loss Coach Bariatric Hypnotherapist."— Presentation transcript:

1 Medications That May Contribute to Weight Gain Martha Allen-Madrid, RN, BSN Weight Loss Coach Bariatric Hypnotherapist

2 Objectives Identify medications commonly associated with weight gain Name the common mechanisms that make weight gain a side effect of some medications Discuss with their doctor and question alternative medications if weight gain has been an issue Review the actions that can minimize or reduce the weight gain associated with certain medications

3 Although not often considered in the list of risk factors for obesity, the medications taken by many people may be contributing to it Unlike poor diet or lack of exercise, medications alone aren't a separate fast track for obesity They may undermine a person's efforts at lifestyle modification by raising the incline on the uphill struggle to stick to diet and exercise regimen

4 Diet and Exercise: First Line of Defense Increase Activity To rev up your metabolism, exercise more. Combine aerobic and weight bearing exercise. If you already exercise regularly, increase the length of time you exercise, or exercise at a more strenuous level. Incorporate more exercise into daily activities, such as taking the stairs instead of the elevator, parking farther from stores or taking up an active hobby such as dancing or hiking..

5 Cut Calories Decreasing the amount of calories you consume, so that you take in less calories than you burn, will result in weight loss. This can be tough, especially if you already watch what you eat, or if the medication you're taking increases your appetite. Substitute low-calorie, nutrient dense foods such as vegetables and fruit for higher calorie starches and fats. Drink lots of water to help you feel full. Diet and Exercise: First Line of Defense

6 Consult your doctor about trying a different medication that may not cause you to gain weight. For instance, not all antidepressants cause weight gain. You may be able to decrease the dosage of the medication you're taking. You might also be able to switch to a different class of medications entirely or an alternative treatment that doesn't involve medication. Don't make any changes regarding your medication without first consulting your doctor. Some medications must be withdrawn gradually in order to avoid complications Consider Possible Alternatives

7 Need help with diet? Phase One, or the Weight Loss Phase, controls calories, fat, protein and carbohydrates…all the factors that effect weight gain and weight loss. This phase continues until dieters achieve their weight loss goal. There is a modified program for those who have been eating a highly processed diet and for type II diabetics..

8 Need help with diet? Phase Two introduces more grocery foods into the diet while still controlling Calories, Fat, Protein and Carbohydrates to continue with weight loss for another few weeks. Then…

9 Need help with diet? Phase Three begins the Maintenance Process where dieters now start doing their own meal planning and recommendations are created for each individual that support maintenance of their new weight. This is not a starvation program…it is designed to teach dieters how to successfully enjoy a diet free life. You now just do what you need to do to stay healthy, lean and full of energy...and it feels great.

10 What about Maintenance ? We continue supporting you for as long as you need us while you live your new maintenance lifestyle. We measure certain things during your maintenance journey…the things we know are key to long term success. How do we know? Because our coaches are experienced and well educated when it comes to weight loss and maintenance and we pass that knowledge onto you.

11 The Program worked for All these people… It Will Work for You Too!

12 G.L. Blackburn, MD, PhD, has done extensive research surrounding obesity and has identified various medications that can affect weight. He is an Associate Professor of Nutrition and Associate Director of the Division of Nutrition at Harvard Medical School Chief of the Nutrition/Metabolism Laboratory, and Director of the Center for the Study of Nutrition Medicine Boston, Massachusetts Author of Break Through Your Set Point Image from

13 Blackburns findings and recommendations are included in this presentation This list is NOT all inclusive

14 Why Does It Matter? In most cases, weight gain is an undesirable side effect Informing patients of the possibility of appetite changes may prompt a joint decision with their Doctor to choose another medication, use a lower dose, or modify environmental factors Collective decision-making can improve adherence to a treatment plan Forewarned patients may be better able to recognize an increase in caloric intake and take preventive measures before weight gain occurs

15 How Do Medications Effect Weight? Interestingly, some medications can cause weight gain in some individuals and weight loss in others Also, there are medications that initially cause weight loss and then lead to weight gain when used long- term

16 Increasing appetite by stimulating insulin secretion Encouraging the division and differentiation of fat cells, thus, the potential exists for a combined weight gain effect from increased appetite and more fat cells to store the accompanying excess food intake Reducing the cardiac response to exercise, so that patients expend fewer calories during exercise Patients may exercise less because of fatigue Patients may select less healthful foods or overeat as a result of a medication-induced slump in mood How Medications May Effect Weight:

17 Which Medications May Affect Weight and What Alternatives Are There? G.L. Blackburn (2008). Break Through Your Set Point

18 NEVER just stop a medication! Discuss medications with the prescribing doctor Alternative medications and/or alterations in diet and exercise are typically the solution to medication related weight gain

19 Medications for Type II Diabetes Drug Class/TypeGeneric NameTrade Name Alternative DrugsTrade Names InsulinInsulin lisproHumalogMetformin, pramlintide Glucophage symlin ThiazolidenideoneRosiglitazone Pioglitazone Avandia Actos Acarbose miglitol Precose Glyset DPP-4 inhibitorsSitaglyptin Vildapliptin Januvia Galvus GLP-1 analogsExenatideByetta SulfonylureasGlipizide glyburide, Glimepiride Glucotrol Glucotrol XL Glynase Amaryl G.L. Blackburn (2008). Break Through Your Set Point

20 Effect: Among diabetes treatment medications, insulin is associated with the most significant weight gain over time. Some type II diabetic medications stimulate insulin production or activity, which lowers blood sugar and may increase appetite. What to do: Increase activity and/or cut calories and/or seek alternatives.

21 Medications for High Blood Pressure Drug Class/Type Generic Name Trade Name Alternative DrugsTrade Name Beta Adrenergic Blockers Propanolol Metoprolol Atenolol Inderal Inderal LA Lopressor Toprol XL Tenormin ACE Inhibitors Ramipril Benazepril Enalapril Lisinopril Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers Losartan Candesartan Calcium Channel Blockers amlodipine Altace Lotensin Vasotec Prinivil Zestoril Cozaar Atacand Norvasc G.L. Blackburn (2008). Break Through Your Set Point

22 What to do: Increase activity and/or cut calories and/or seek alternatives

23 Medications for Allergies and Sleep Drug Class/TypeGeneric NameTrade Name Alternative Drugs Antihistamines Sleep DIphenhydramineNytol Benadryl Zyrtec Claritin Ambien G.L. Blackburn (2008). Break Through Your Set Point

24 Effect: Youll find that common culprit, diphenhydramine, in over-the- counter sleep aids, such as Tylenol Simply Sleep, Sominex, or Nytol, or nighttime versions of cold and pain medicines, like Sudafed PE Nighttime Cold or Excedrin PM. Also, Allergy drugs containing diphenhydramine (such as Benadryl) have a sedating effect that saps your energy if you take them regularly. Youre not as active, so youre burning fewer calories, Blackburn says. What to do: Ask about another antihistamine for allergies like Claritin or Zyrtec that doesnt include sedating ingredients. For sleep, your doctor may prescribe an option like Ambien thats designed to cut carryover sedating effects. Increase activity and/or cut calories and/or seek alternatives

25 Medications for Anxiety, Depression, Etc. Drug Class/TypeGeneric NameTrade Name Alternative Drugs Trade Name Anti- psychotics Haloperidol Loxapine Clozapine Olazapine Risperidone Quetiapine Haldol Lovakane Clozaril Zyprexa Risperdal Seroquel Ziprasidone Aripiprazole Abilify Geodon Tricyclic Anti- depressants Amytriptilline Paroxetine Phenetizine Tranylcypromine Nefazadone Bupriprion Elavil Paxil Nardil Parnate Serzone Welbutrin Bupropion nefazadone Wellbutrin Serzone SSRIsParoxetine Fluvoxamine Citalopram escitalopram Paxil Luvox Celexa Lexapro Fluoxeti Sertraline Prozac Effexor G.L. Blackburn (2008). Break Through Your Set Point

26 Effect: Some antidepressants affect neurotransmitters in your brain that control appetite and mood, both of which can make you eat more. What to do: See a psychiatrist instead of a family physician or internist and ask about antidepressants that dont typically cause weight gain, such as Wellbutrin or Zyban. Increase activity and/or cut calories and/or seek alternatives.

27 Medications for Birth Control Drug Class/TypeGeneric NameTrade Name Alternative Drugs Progestin only injectable Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) DepoVeraBirth Control pills, IUD, etc.

28 What to do: Ask about a low-estrogen pill like Yasmin, or the progestin-only minipill. Or consider trying the NuvaRing, which releases lower doses of hormones than the birth control pill, or try an intrauterine device. Increase activity and/or cut calories and/or seek alternatives

29 Medications for Seizures Drug Class/Type Generic NameTrade Name Alternative Drugs Trade Name Antiseizure/ Migraines Valproate Gabapentin Carbamazipine Depakene Depakote Depacon Neurontin Tegretol Epitol Carbitrol Topiramate Zonisamide lamotrigine Topamax Zonegran Lamictal G.L. Blackburn (2008). Break Through Your Set Point

30 Effect: Depakote and Depakene, medicines which are sometimes used to prevent recurring migraines, can make you want to eat more, says Harminder Sikand, clinical director of pharmacy at Scripps Mercy Hospital in San Diego. What to do: Ask your doctor about Imitrex or other migraine drugs that are less likely to increase your appetite. Increase activity and/or cut calories and/or seek alternatives Acosta Scott, J. (2012). Fattening Medicine: What to do when the drugs you need also put on the pounds. Retrieved from

31 Medications for Heartburn and Reflux Drug Class/TypeGeneric Name Trade Name Alternative Drugs Trade Name Gastroesophageal Reflux Omeprazole Lancoprazole Rabeprazole Pantoprazole Esomeprazole Zegarid Prilosec Prevacid Aciphex Protonix Nexium SucralfateCarafate

32 What to do: Increase activity and/or cut calories and/or seek alternatives.

33 Medications for Inflammation/Pain Drug Class/Type Generic Name Trade Name Alternative Drugs Natural Approach CorticosteroidsDeltasonePrednisoneNSAIDS Ibuprofen, Advil, etc. Glucosamine G.L. Blackburn (2008). Break Through Your Set Point

34 What to do: Increase Activity and/or cut calories and/or seek alternatives.

35 NEVER just stop a medication! Discuss medications with the prescribing doctor Alternative medications and/or alterations in diet and exercise are typically the solution to medication related weight gain


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