Presentation on theme: "Mitochondrial Disease A Presentation By Nico Tapiero"— Presentation transcript:
1 Mitochondrial Disease A Presentation By Nico Tapiero
2 IntroductionHuman body is made up of cells, and the mitochondria in the cells make energy for the cells from food (cellular respiration)Cells have many mitochondria within themIn Mitochondrial Disease, the cell’s mitochondria malfunction and do not give energy to the cellCells make up tissues, tissues make up organs, organs make up organ systems, and organ systems make up organismsDamaged cells can do a lot of damage to the body
3 Causes Mitochondrial Disease is hereditary Also can be caused by unknown mitochondrial mutations and mitochondrial toxinsToxins will interact with the mitochondria in the cells and will lead to the diseaseAny tissue can be damaged, and the amount of damage depends on how many mitochondria are affected and in which cellsThe disease damages the cells by making them have less energy and not function properly.
4 SymptomsMitochondrial Disease is also known as “The Invisible Disease” because it has many symptoms, and a health care worker could confuse it with other diseasesUnique symptoms: muscle weakness, blindness, deafness, mental retardation, diabetes, and heart blocksThere is no way to tell how sick a person will get and for how long, because there are many different symptomsMitochondrial Disease can be fatal because of its fatal symptoms
5 EpidemiologyMitochondrial Disease was first discovered in the early 1960’s in Stockholm, Sweden by Lars Ernster and Rolf LuftMitochondrial Disease is mostly specific to families of people with mitochondrial disease, but it can also be caused by other things besides heredity
6 TreatmentMitochondrial Disease is treated with vitamin therapy, a specific diet, treatments for the symptoms, and by pacing activities, conserving energy, and blocking lactic acid buildupThere is no vaccine available because Mitochondrial Disease deals with mitochondria, and since doctors cannot find the cause of mitochondria mutations, there is not a way to stop Mitochondrial Disease with a vaccine
7 Transmission/Prevention Mitochondrial Disease is not contagiousUnless a person counts having children with Mitochondrial Disease as spreading the disease, Mitochondrial Disease does not spreadHuman actions that can prevent Mitochondrial Disease are not smoking, eating a reasonable amount of fat, and avoiding psychological stressors