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Mitochondrial Disease Mitochondrial Disease A Presentation By Nico Tapiero.

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Presentation on theme: "Mitochondrial Disease Mitochondrial Disease A Presentation By Nico Tapiero."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mitochondrial Disease Mitochondrial Disease A Presentation By Nico Tapiero

2 Introduction -Human body is made up of cells, and the mitochondria in the cells make energy for the cells from food (cellular respiration) -Cells have many mitochondria within them -In Mitochondrial Disease, the cells mitochondria malfunction and do not give energy to the cell -Cells make up tissues, tissues make up organs, organs make up organ systems, and organ systems make up organisms -Damaged cells can do a lot of damage to the body -Human body is made up of cells, and the mitochondria in the cells make energy for the cells from food (cellular respiration) -Cells have many mitochondria within them -In Mitochondrial Disease, the cells mitochondria malfunction and do not give energy to the cell -Cells make up tissues, tissues make up organs, organs make up organ systems, and organ systems make up organisms -Damaged cells can do a lot of damage to the body

3 Causes -Mitochondrial Disease is hereditary -Also can be caused by unknown mitochondrial mutations and mitochondrial toxins -Toxins will interact with the mitochondria in the cells and will lead to the disease -Any tissue can be damaged, and the amount of damage depends on how many mitochondria are affected and in which cells -The disease damages the cells by making them have less energy and not function properly. -Mitochondrial Disease is hereditary -Also can be caused by unknown mitochondrial mutations and mitochondrial toxins -Toxins will interact with the mitochondria in the cells and will lead to the disease -Any tissue can be damaged, and the amount of damage depends on how many mitochondria are affected and in which cells -The disease damages the cells by making them have less energy and not function properly.

4 Symptoms -Mitochondrial Disease is also known as The Invisible Disease because it has many symptoms, and a health care worker could confuse it with other diseases - Unique symptoms: muscle weakness, blindness, deafness, mental retardation, diabetes, and heart blocks -There is no way to tell how sick a person will get and for how long, because there are many different symptoms -Mitochondrial Disease can be fatal because of its fatal symptoms -Mitochondrial Disease is also known as The Invisible Disease because it has many symptoms, and a health care worker could confuse it with other diseases - Unique symptoms: muscle weakness, blindness, deafness, mental retardation, diabetes, and heart blocks -There is no way to tell how sick a person will get and for how long, because there are many different symptoms -Mitochondrial Disease can be fatal because of its fatal symptoms

5 Epidemiology -Mitochondrial Disease was first discovered in the early 1960s in Stockholm, Sweden by Lars Ernster and Rolf Luft -Mitochondrial Disease is mostly specific to families of people with mitochondrial disease, but it can also be caused by other things besides heredity -Mitochondrial Disease was first discovered in the early 1960s in Stockholm, Sweden by Lars Ernster and Rolf Luft -Mitochondrial Disease is mostly specific to families of people with mitochondrial disease, but it can also be caused by other things besides heredity

6 Treatment -Mitochondrial Disease is treated with vitamin therapy, a specific diet, treatments for the symptoms, and by pacing activities, conserving energy, and blocking lactic acid buildup -There is no vaccine available because Mitochondrial Disease deals with mitochondria, and since doctors cannot find the cause of mitochondria mutations, there is not a way to stop Mitochondrial Disease with a vaccine -Mitochondrial Disease is treated with vitamin therapy, a specific diet, treatments for the symptoms, and by pacing activities, conserving energy, and blocking lactic acid buildup -There is no vaccine available because Mitochondrial Disease deals with mitochondria, and since doctors cannot find the cause of mitochondria mutations, there is not a way to stop Mitochondrial Disease with a vaccine

7 Transmission/Prevention -Mitochondrial Disease is not contagious -Unless a person counts having children with Mitochondrial Disease as spreading the disease, Mitochondrial Disease does not spread -Human actions that can prevent Mitochondrial Disease are not smoking, eating a reasonable amount of fat, and avoiding psychological stressors -Mitochondrial Disease is not contagious -Unless a person counts having children with Mitochondrial Disease as spreading the disease, Mitochondrial Disease does not spread -Human actions that can prevent Mitochondrial Disease are not smoking, eating a reasonable amount of fat, and avoiding psychological stressors

8 References http//www.umdf.org/atf/cf/28038C4C-02EE-4AD0-9DB5- D23E9D9F4D45/Exercise%20and%20Previention%20-%20Tarnopolsk.pdf


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