Presentation on theme: "Diseases a disordered or incorrectly functioning organ, part, structure, or system of the body resulting from the effect of genetic or developmental errors,"— Presentation transcript:
1Diseasesa disordered or incorrectly functioning organ, part, structure, or system of the body resulting from the effect of genetic or developmental errors, infection, poisons, nutritional deficiency or imbalance, toxicity, or unfavorable environmental factors; illness; sickness; ailment.
2Noninfectious Diseases Noninfectious Diseases – Diseases/Conditions that are not spread from person to person or other living things.Examples: allergies, asthma, heart disease, diabetes, cancer
3AllergiesAn allergy is a disorder in which the immune system is overly sensitive to a substance not normally found in the body.Allergen – any substance that causes an allergyExamples: pollen, mold, medicine, foods, contact, pets, etc.Histamine – a chemical produced by the body during an allergic response when lymphocytes (white blood cells) encounter an allergen (causes itching, sneezing and watery eyes)
4Allergies Cont.The best strategy to keep from having an allergic reaction is to avoid the substance to which you are allergicSome people develop Asthma– a disorder in which the respiratory passages narrow significantly in response to an allergy.
5DiabetesDiabetes is a condition in which the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body cells aren’t using insulin properly.Insulin – a chemical that enables body cells to take in glucose from the blood and use it for energy.Effects – lose weight, feel weak, and hungry all the time, excessive thirstDiabetes is treated with insulin injections (Type I), diet, weight control, and exercise (Type II).
6CancerCancer is a disease in which cells multiply uncontrollably over and over, destroying healthy tissue in the process.May cause tumors – abnormal tissue masses. (Not all tumors are cancerous)Causes of Cancer Include:Some Genetic (Inherited) LinksCarcinogens – Substances or factors found in the environment that can cause cancer (like tar in cigarette smoke and UV light)
7Cancer Cont. Treatments: Surgery to remove cancer cells/tumors, Radiation (use of high-energy waves)Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy) uses medicine/drugs to kill cancer cells, but it also damage healthy cells.Prevention:Avoid carcinogensEat a low-fat diet with plenty of fruits and vegetablesGet regular medical checkups
8Asthma Asthma – a disorder in which the respiratory passages narrow Symptoms – wheezing and shortness of breathPeople with allergies often develop asthma.