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Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) to Neolithic (New Stone Age)

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Presentation on theme: "Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) to Neolithic (New Stone Age)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) to Neolithic (New Stone Age)
Changes in Daily Life Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) to Neolithic (New Stone Age) Learning Target: I can… Analyze how the domestication of plants and animals led to permanent settlements.

2 Paleolithic vs. Neolithic
Old Stone Age 2 Million Years Ago to 8000 BC Hunters/Gatherers Live as Nomads Population of small groups 20-60 New Stone Age 8000 BC to 3000 BC Farmers Settle in Villages Populations as large as 8000 Main Difference = Hunters & Gatherers (nomads) vs. Farmers (villages)

3 They settled in one area instead of traveling chasing food.
How did people’s lives change as they began to domesticate plants and animals during the Neolithic period? They settled in one area instead of traveling chasing food.

4 On the next several slides you will be shown a picture
On the next several slides you will be shown a picture. As a group decided if what you see is Paleolithic (stand up) or Neolithic (remain seated).

5 Neolithic vs. Paleolithic
Food Supply Neolithic vs. Paleolithic

6 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

7 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

8 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

9 Woolly Mammoth Tusks could reach 16 feet long

10 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

11 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

12 Saber-toothed Cat Weighed up to 1000 lbs 4 Feet Tall 8 Feet Long
12 inch long upper canines

13 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

14 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

15 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

16 Modern White Tail Deer 3 Feet Tall Antler Span of 2 Feet Max

17 Giant Irish Elk 7 Feet Tall at shoulder Antler Span of up to 12 Feet

18 3.6 Meters = 10 Feet!!

19 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

20 Woolly Rhino 12 Feet Long Weigh 3 Tons

21 What are the differences between Paleolithic and Neolithic Food Supplies?
Paleolithic people would starve if they didn’t have a successful hunt or couldn’t find edible plants to eat. Neolithic diet was more stable and guaranteed. They often stored surplus food for later use.

22 What are some advantages that occurred as a result of the development of agriculture?
Better food supply, Specialized labor, Settle down, Create better technology, Leisure time.

23 What are some disadvantages that occurred as a result of the development of agriculture?
Disease, Less variety of food to eat, War over settled areas, Pollution, Over use of resources

24 Cultivation Process by which humans plant seeds, care for the seedlings, harvest the mature plants and store some seeds for future use even while eating the majority of the harvest.

25 Domestication Tame plants or animals for human use or consumption.

26 Uses of Domesticated Animals
Food Carry loads Aid in Farming Hides as Clothing Milk

27 Neolithic vs. Paleolithic
Occupations Neolithic vs. Paleolithic


29 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

30 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

31 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

32 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

33 Paleolithic or Neolithic?


35 What are the differences between Paleolithic and Neolithic occupations?
During Paleolithic times everyone had the same job. Men were hunters and women were gatherers. During Neolithic times jobs were more diverse. One farmer could provide food for many people. Specialization emerged as individuals developed skills in one type of work.

36 Obsidian Black volcanic glass used to create jewelry, tools, and weapons.

37 Neolithic vs. Paleolithic
Shelter Neolithic vs. Paleolithic

38 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

39 Mammoth Bone Hut

40 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

41 Skara Brae Located on the Northern Islands of Scotland
Settled in 3100 BC Built into mounds of earth


43 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

44 Paleolithic or Neolithic?




48 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

49 What are the differences between Paleolithic and Neolithic shelters?
Neolithic structures were permanent whereas Paleolithic shelters had to be easily portable since they were constantly on the move.

50 Why do you think people started living in larger groups around the same time they started farming?
Protection and Trade

51 Neolithic vs. Paleolithic
Technology Neolithic vs. Paleolithic


53 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

54 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

55 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

56 Paleolithic or Neolithic?

57 What are the differences between Paleolithic and Neolithic technology?
Neolithic technology was more advanced due to the fact that people had more time to devote towards invention. Better clothes, containers, tools, weapons, and shelters.

58 Surplus When there is more supply then demand. Having extra resources. Due to the agricultural revolution people had a surplus in food and could store it for later use or trade.

59 Specialization A skill in a particular kind of work. Made possible by the increased use of farming and the fewer people it took to create a food supply.

60 Population/Settlement
Neolithic vs. Paleolithic

61 Skara Brae

62 Winding passageways cut down on brutal sea winds.



65 Catal Huyuk

66 Catal Huyuk Population of 8000 Entered homes through the roof
Travel on rooftops b/c of shared walls

67 Catal Huyuk Archeology Site

68 Jericho Oldest continually inhabited city in the world
1st settled in 9000 BC Population of 1000 Huge stone wall surrounds the city The Walls of Jericho came tumbling down – Biblical Story


70 Remains of the Walls of Jericho


72 What are the differences between Paleolithic and Neolithic populations?
In Paleolithic times people lived in small nomadic groups of people. During Neolithic times some cities grew to populations of 8000.

73 Neolithic vs. Paleolithic
Resources Neolithic vs. Paleolithic

74 Mother Goddesses – Catal Huyuk Art


76 What are the differences between Paleolithic and Neolithic Resources?
Paleolithic people rarely traded or acquired many possessions. Personal possessions meant more to carry. As people settled down they began to trade and accumulate possessions.

77 How is power and wealth distributed?
Hierarchal Egalitarian Wealth and power is distributed where some have more than others All people share power and wealth

78 Which gender rules? Patriarchal Matriarchal Society dominated by Males
Society dominated by Females

79 Catal Huyuk – Patriarchal or Matriarchal?
Female figurines have led some scholars to believe this was a matriarchal society.

80 Catal Huyuk – Hierarchical or Egalitarian?
Scholars believe it to be egalitarian because all the homes are the same size.

81 Which of the four types of rule is most evident in the U.S.?
How do we have examples of all four?

82 Life Expectancy During the Stone Ages
Era Life Expectancy at Birth Paleolithic 33 Neolithic 29 Why do you think people lived longer during the Paleolithic era than the Neolithic era? More disease in densely populated areas. More warfare over claimed or settled territories. Increases in population due to easier ability of women to have a child. Less meat in diet.

83 Life Expectancy Modern Era
Present Day World Average 67 United States Male - 74 Female – 80 Lowest – Swaziland 32 Highest - Japan 83 Why do you think Swaziland has such a low life expectancy? Why does Japan have such a high life expectancy? Why do you think women live longer than men in the United States?

84 World Life Expectancy What continent has the lowest life expectancy?
What 3 continents have the highest life expectancy?

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