Presentation on theme: "Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) to Neolithic (New Stone Age)"— Presentation transcript:
1Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) to Neolithic (New Stone Age) Changes in Daily LifePaleolithic (Old Stone Age)to Neolithic (New Stone Age)Learning Target: I can…Analyze how the domestication of plants and animals led to permanent settlements.
2Paleolithic vs. Neolithic Old Stone Age2 Million Years Ago to 8000 BCHunters/GatherersLive as NomadsPopulation of small groups 20-60New Stone Age8000 BC to 3000 BCFarmersSettle in VillagesPopulations as large as 8000Main Difference = Hunters & Gatherers (nomads) vs. Farmers (villages)
3They settled in one area instead of traveling chasing food. How did people’s lives change as they began to domesticate plants and animals during the Neolithic period?They settled in one area instead of traveling chasing food.
4On the next several slides you will be shown a picture On the next several slides you will be shown a picture. As a group decided if what you see is Paleolithic (stand up) or Neolithic (remain seated).
5Neolithic vs. Paleolithic Food SupplyNeolithic vs. Paleolithic
21What are the differences between Paleolithic and Neolithic Food Supplies? Paleolithic people would starve if they didn’t have a successful hunt or couldn’t find edible plants to eat. Neolithic diet was more stable and guaranteed. They often stored surplus food for later use.
22What are some advantages that occurred as a result of the development of agriculture? Better food supply, Specialized labor, Settle down, Create better technology, Leisure time.
23What are some disadvantages that occurred as a result of the development of agriculture? Disease, Less variety of food to eat, War over settled areas, Pollution, Over use of resources
24CultivationProcess by which humans plant seeds, care for the seedlings, harvest the mature plants and store some seeds for future use even while eating the majority of the harvest.
25DomesticationTame plants or animals for human use or consumption.
26Uses of Domesticated Animals FoodCarry loadsAid in FarmingHides as ClothingMilk
27Neolithic vs. Paleolithic OccupationsNeolithic vs. Paleolithic
35What are the differences between Paleolithic and Neolithic occupations? During Paleolithic times everyone had the same job. Men were hunters and women were gatherers. During Neolithic times jobs were more diverse. One farmer could provide food for many people. Specialization emerged as individuals developed skills in one type of work.
36ObsidianBlack volcanic glass used to create jewelry, tools, and weapons.
37Neolithic vs. Paleolithic ShelterNeolithic vs. Paleolithic
49What are the differences between Paleolithic and Neolithic shelters? Neolithic structures were permanent whereas Paleolithic shelters had to be easily portable since they were constantly on the move.
50Why do you think people started living in larger groups around the same time they started farming? Protection and Trade
51Neolithic vs. Paleolithic TechnologyNeolithic vs. Paleolithic
57What are the differences between Paleolithic and Neolithic technology? Neolithic technology was more advanced due to the fact that people had more time to devote towards invention. Better clothes, containers, tools, weapons, and shelters.
58SurplusWhen there is more supply then demand. Having extra resources. Due to the agricultural revolution people had a surplus in food and could store it for later use or trade.
59SpecializationA skill in a particular kind of work. Made possible by the increased use of farming and the fewer people it took to create a food supply.
72What are the differences between Paleolithic and Neolithic populations? In Paleolithic times people lived in small nomadic groups of people. During Neolithic times some cities grew to populations of 8000.
73Neolithic vs. Paleolithic ResourcesNeolithic vs. Paleolithic
76What are the differences between Paleolithic and Neolithic Resources? Paleolithic people rarely traded or acquired many possessions. Personal possessions meant more to carry. As people settled down they began to trade and accumulate possessions.
77How is power and wealth distributed? HierarchalEgalitarianWealth and power is distributed where some have more than othersAll people share power and wealth
78Which gender rules? Patriarchal Matriarchal Society dominated by Males Society dominated by Females
79Catal Huyuk – Patriarchal or Matriarchal? Female figurines have led some scholars to believe this was a matriarchal society.
80Catal Huyuk – Hierarchical or Egalitarian? Scholars believe it to be egalitarian because all the homes are the same size.
81Which of the four types of rule is most evident in the U.S.? How do we have examples of all four?
82Life Expectancy During the Stone Ages EraLife Expectancy at BirthPaleolithic33Neolithic29Why do you think people lived longer during the Paleolithic era than the Neolithic era?More disease in densely populated areas.More warfare over claimed or settled territories.Increases in population due to easier ability of women to have a child.Less meat in diet.
83Life Expectancy Modern Era Present DayWorld Average67United StatesMale - 74Female – 80Lowest – Swaziland32Highest - Japan83Why do you think Swaziland has such a low life expectancy?Why does Japan have such a high life expectancy?Why do you think women live longer than men in the United States?
84World Life Expectancy What continent has the lowest life expectancy? What 3 continents have the highest life expectancy?