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CHURCH HISTORY II Lesson 2 CHURCH HISTORY II Lesson 2 Martin Luther, Part 1: The Church is Shaken.

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Presentation on theme: "CHURCH HISTORY II Lesson 2 CHURCH HISTORY II Lesson 2 Martin Luther, Part 1: The Church is Shaken."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHURCH HISTORY II Lesson 2 CHURCH HISTORY II Lesson 2 Martin Luther, Part 1: The Church is Shaken

2 Every man must do two things alone; he must do his own believing and his own dying. I am more afraid of my own heart than of the pope and all his cardinals. I have within me the great pope, Self. I cannot and will not recant anything, for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe. Here I stand, I can do no other, so help me God. Amen.

3 Apostolic Church Apostolic Fathers Church Councils Church History Ca. 30AD590 AD1517 AD Golden Age of Church Fathers Reformation & Counter Reformation Rationalism, Revivalism, & Denominationalism Revivalism, Missions, & Modernism ? Ancient Church HistoryMedieval Church HistoryModern Church History The Pre-Reformers The First Medieval Pope The Rise of the Holy Roman Empire The Crusades The Papacy in Decline

4 The Babylonian Captivity Kings controlled Papacy Rise of Nationalism Most of the French Popes Corrupt Papal Decline The Great Schism French & Italian Popes – true successors to St. Peter Council of Pisa elected a 3 rd Pope 1409 Martin V elected Pope 300 Years Before Luther was Mark by Turmoil

5 The Babylonian Captivity The Great Schism Peter Waldo ( ) John Wycliffe ( ) John Huss ( ) Girolamo Savonarola ( ) Dissenters 300 Years Before Luther was Mark by Turmoil Muslim Turks conquered the Eastern Empire Renaissance capture the papacy Church became a hierarchy of officials that established doctrine and supplanted the Bible

6 Pre-ConversionBreakOrganizationStruggle 29 yrs unconverted Converted in 1512? Studies & teaches N.T. theology 95 Theses – Oct 31, 1517 debates writings excommunication hiding translation church liturgy theology confession 1529 – Diet of Speier 1530 – Diet of Augsburg Schmalkalden League Philip of Hesse 1547 – War 1555 – Peace of Augsburg Martin Luther

7 29 yrs unconverted Converted in 1512? Studies & teaches N.T. theology 95 Theses – Oct 31, 1517 Pre-Conversion Martin Luther yrs unconverted Family Temperment Music The Luther family were very poor, but honest, industrious and pious people from the lower and uncultivated ranks. Schaff The hardships of Luthers youth and the want of refined breeding show their effects in his writings and actions. They limited his influence among the higher and cultivated classes, but increased his power over the middle and lower classes. He was a man of the people and for the people. Schaff Converted in 1512 Education July 1505

8 Break debates writings excommunication hiding Martin Luther Heidelberg Debate Diet of Augsburg Karl von Miltitz John Eck – Leipzig Debate Prolific publications Excommunication by Pope Leo X Diet of Worms – Charles V

9 Organization translation church liturgy theology confession Martin Luther Shorter Catechism Church Liturgy On Monastic Vows Against the Plundering Murderous Hordes of Peasant Bondage of the Will Augsburg Confession Katherine Von Bora Katie 1529 A Mighty Fortress Is Our God Wartburg Castle

10 Martin Luther Organization Radicals Christian Humanists Peasants – 1525 Marburg Colloquy

11 Roman Catholic Church Lutheran Anglican Reformed Anabaptist Methodist General Baptist Presbyterian

12 Struggle 1529 – Diet of Speier 1530 – Diet of Augsburg Schmalkalden League Philip of Hesse 1547 – War 1555 – Peace of Augsburg Martin Luther

13 Summary Lessons from the Life of Martin Luther 1.The major contribution of Luther was his reasserting a grace alone centered theology into the heart and soul of theology. 3.Luther was both radical & conservative in his affect on the life of the church. It is not loving or godly to take Gods people down a course of change or reformation faster than their consciences have been convinced from Scripture. 5.Need to bear with other peoples personalities. 2.The importance of the authority of the scriptures. 4.The sovereign hand of God in Luthers life to help direct His church. (personality & circumstances)

14 Martin Luther, from whom this protest came, is one of the few individuals of whom it may be said that the history of the world was profoundly altered by his work. Not an organizer or a politician, and by no means a self- declared revolutionary, he moved people by the power of a profound religious faith, resulting in unshakable trust in God and in direct, personal relations to God, which brought a certainty of salvation that left no room for the elaborate hierarchical and sacramental structures of the Middle Ages. Martin Luther Williston Walker A History of the Christian Church


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