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Planning Nutritious Meals and Snacks Adapted by Dr. Vivian G. Baglien 12.

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Presentation on theme: "Planning Nutritious Meals and Snacks Adapted by Dr. Vivian G. Baglien 12."— Presentation transcript:

1 Planning Nutritious Meals and Snacks Adapted by Dr. Vivian G. Baglien 12

2 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Key Concepts Teaching children about nutrition can help children develop lifetime healthful eating habits. Meals served at the child care center should be appealing, healthful, and safe.

3 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Learning Targets- Students will List goals for a good nutrition program. Explain the importance of a healthful diet. Describe nutritional problems that can result from a poor diet. Identify two systems useful in planning healthful meals and snacks. Plan nutritious and appealing meals and snacks for children.

4 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Planning Nutritious Meals and Snacks Teaching children about nutrition is an important responsibility for teachers Nutrition concepts integrated into curriculum Provide nutritious meals and snacks Introduce healthful foods Involve children in meal activities Provide nutrition information to parents

5 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Nutrition Nutrition is the science of food and how the body uses the foods taken in Nutrition Nutrients are the chemical substances in food that help build and maintain the body Nutrients Nutritional problems Meeting special nutritional needs MyPlate

6 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Nutritional Problems Undernutrition means not eating enough food to keep a healthful body weight and activity level Undernutrition Malnutrition is lack of proper nutrients in the diet Malnutrition continued

7 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Nutritional Problems Overeating is the intake of more food than is needed by the body to function properly Obesity is the major health problem caused by overeating Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot properly control the level of sugar in the blood Diabetes

8 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Meeting Special Nutritional Needs Special needs often caused by health conditions People with diabetes do not produce insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar level insulin Many children need insulin injections Eat healthful foods at regular intervals to control blood sugar levels continued

9 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Meeting Special Nutritional Needs An allergy is the bodys negative reaction to a particular substance (environmental or food)allergy Allergen is the offending substance Allergen Anaphylactic shock is the most severe allergic reaction; needs immediate medical treatment Anaphylactic shock Talk to parents about their childrens special nutritional needs

10 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. MyPlate MyPlate is the USDA food guidance system with a set of online tools to help people plan nutritious diets to fit individual needs MyPlate Use the following information as a guide to your planning your cookbook and nutritional needs of target age group. continued

11 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. MyPlate Dairy group 2 to 3 cups of milk or equivalent dairy products daily depending on the childs age, gender, and physical activity Best source of calcium for building strong bones Provides riboflavin, protein, and phosphorous Fortified dairy products contain vitamins A and D continued

12 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. MyPlate Grain group Daily ounce-equivalents are based on the childs age, gender, and physical activity Make half the grains whole grains Carbohydrates, iron, and B vitamins are the chief nutrients Examples: whole-grain or enriched breads, buns, tortillas, waffles, pasta, and crackers continued

13 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. MyPlate Protein group Daily ounce-equivalents are based on the childs age, gender, and physical activity The most important nutrient Good sources of B vitamins, iron, and phosphorous Vegetables Daily cup amounts are based on the childs age, gender, and physical activity Sources of vitamin A and C continued

14 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. MyPlate Fruit group Cup amounts are based on the childs age, gender, and physical activity Sources of vitamin A and C

15 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Food Appeal Children eat more if food appeals to them Variety Texture Flavor Color Food forms Temperature

16 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Food Preferences Most children have at least a few foods they strongly like and a few they strongly dislike Often influenced by home life Accommodate food preferences unless they are unhealthful

17 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Multicultural Experiences Children need to be exposed to healthful foods from various cultures Including foods from the childrens culture will help promote cultural identity and self-esteem Food from new cultures will help children learn to taste new dishes and respect cultural differences

18 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Serving Meals Licensing requirements determine how often and how much food must be provided Breakfast Snacks Lunch

19 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Breakfast The purpose of breakfast is to break the 10–14 hour overnight fast Provides energy for morning activities CACFP minimum recommendations are 1 milk 1 fruit, vegetable, or 100% juice 1 grain source, such as bread or cereal Other protein- eggs, cheeses,meats.

20 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Snacks Most children eat small amounts of food at one sitting Children may not be properly nourished by just eating three meals a day Serve mid-morning and mid-afternoon snacks

21 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Lunch CACFP minimum lunch recommendations 1 milk 2 vegetables, fruits, or 100% juice 1 grain source; bread, cereal, pasta, or rice 1 meat or protein food; cheese, egg, beans, peanut (or similar nut) butter, or yogurt Desserts should not be treated as a special part of the meal

22 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Serving Safe Meals and Snacks Young children are still learning how to chew and swallow To prevent choking, avoid serving foods that, if swallowed whole, could block windpipes Marshmallows, nuts, hard candies, gum, raisins, small raw fruits or vegetables, hotdogs, etc.

23 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Discuss Describe some nutritional problems that can result from a poor diet.

24 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Review Why is it important to teach young children about healthful eating habits? So they grow up eating good food choices. Name two consequences of the condition of obesity. Diabetes and hypertension or high blood pressure The most severe allergic reaction is called Anaphylactic Shock

25 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Glossary allergen. A substance, such as dust, pollen, mold, or food, that causes a negative reaction in some peoples bodies. allergy. The bodys negative reaction to a substance, possibly including rashes, swelling, or sneezing.

26 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Glossary anaphylactic shock. Extreme allergic reaction that causes shock symptoms and possibly death. diabetes. A disease in which the body cannot properly control the level of sugar in the blood.

27 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Glossary insulin. A hormone that is needed to keep sugar in the blood at a proper level. As insulin is released into the body, the blood sugar level drops.

28 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Glossary malnutrition. A lack of proper nutrients in the diet that happens when a nutrient is absent or lacking from the diet; caused by an unbalanced diet, poor food choices, or the bodys inability to use certain nutrients properly.

29 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Glossary MyPlate. A food guidance system with a set of online tools developed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to help plan nutritious diets to fit individual needs. nutrients. Chemical substances found in foods that are needed for growth and maintenance of health.

30 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Glossary nutrition. The science of food and how the body uses foods taken in. undernutrition. Not eating enough food to keep a healthful body weight and activity level.


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