Presentation on theme: "Celiac Disease Pronounced See - Lee -Ack - Disease Also Known as Celiac Spure Non tropical Spure and Gluten-Sensitive enteropathy."— Presentation transcript:
Celiac Disease Pronounced See - Lee -Ack - Disease Also Known as Celiac Spure Non tropical Spure and Gluten-Sensitive enteropathy
Celiac disease Celiac Disease means Disease of the Belly However, it is a disorder of the lining of the intestines People with this disease have an intolerance to Gluten When gluten is consumed it stops their body from absorbing fats, calcium, and other nutrients that we get from food. The reason gluten causes damages to the intestines is still unknown Gluten is a protein found in foods like wheat, rye and barley. It can also be found in things like, cosmetics, medicines and vitamins stamps This is a genetic disease, meaning it runs within the family, and can be triggered after surgery, pregnancy/childbirth, viral infection or extreme emotional stress.
Treatment Treatment can start as soon as the disease is diagnosed Treatment does not involve surgery, or regular doctor appointments, it doesnt even require medication dependency The only treatment for Celiac Disease is to permanently remove gluten from your diet. Dietitians can teach you how to create and maintain a gluten free diet by reading labels and recognizing products that contain gluten Symptoms will stop within a few days of removing Gluten from your diet and repair the intestines Everything is healed in 3 to 6 months - or up to 2 years for older adults Symptoms will not come back and your intestines will remain healthy as long as you never gluten again. Even small amounts of gluten can damage the small intestine
Symptoms Missed menstrual periods Joint pains and muscle cramps Weakness / fatigue Anemia (low count of red blood cells) Behavioural changes Irritability is very common in children Seizures Infertility, recurrent miscarriages Osteoporosis Stunted growth Abdominal cramps, gas, bloating Constipation Chronic diarrhea Weight loss / gain Foul smelling stools Everyone is affected differently - One may experience diarrhea and abdominal pain, where as someone else may experience depression Not everyone will experience all of these symptoms - some people experience no symptoms Celiac disease can become fatal if not treated kitchen/shops/morphy/3.jpg BA%20Web%20Osteo%20Back.jpg
Symptoms and Effects continued.. This is a digestive Disease which causes damage to the small intestines Your Small intestines are lined with villi, which is what allows nutrients to be absorbed, from food, into the blood stream People with Celiac Disease destroy this lining by eating Gluten So there for without strong, healthy villi it doesnt matter how well someone eats they can still become malnourished
Causes Celiac Disease is a genetic Disorder - meaning it is Hereditary If someone in your family has it then 1 out of 10 family members are likely to inherit this disease Things like extreme stress, infections, surgery, pregnancy or physical injury can trigger the disease It is unknown why people get Celiac disease But, it can be inherited by people of any race or gender 1 in 133 people in the United States have celiac disease However, many people dont even realize they have this disease due to only having symptoms like weakness or muscle cramps, or even not showing any symptoms at all Villi on the lining of the small intestine help absorb nutrients.
Diagnosis Only a Doctor can diagnose someone with Celiac Disease, because the symptoms resemble those of other digestive disorders Doctors will most likely request routine check-ups or screenings, if you have a family history of celiac disease And, others are screened because of their symptoms Blood tests are given to find elevated antibody levels An antibody is a protein substance made by the bodys immune system in response to a foreign substance Elevated levels of the antibody is a sign of celiac disease Generally people with above average levels of antibodies in their blood have this disease Biopsies are also done to bowels - this can confirm the diagnosis and allow doctors to tell the severity of the disease Physicians will usually test blood to measure levels of Immunoglobulin A (IgA) anti-tissue transglutaminase (tTGA) IgA anti-endomysium antibodies (AEA) When being tested one must continue to eat a diet containing Gluten If not the tests will come back negative to Celiac disease even if they do have it
References Irons-Georges, Tracy. (2001) Strokes. In Magills Medical Guide (vol.1p 372,373) Pasadena: Salem Press, Inc. Jacoby, David B. (2005) Celiac Disease. Encyclopedia of family health, third edition. (vol.3 p 329) Tarrytown: Marshall Cavendish Corp.