Presentation on theme: "Omega-3 Fatty Acids Created by: Sarah London, Nutritionist OmegaPure, a division of Omega Protein, Inc."— Presentation transcript:
Omega-3 Fatty Acids Created by: Sarah London, Nutritionist OmegaPure, a division of Omega Protein, Inc
Types of Dietary Fat Dietary Fats Unsaturated FatSaturated Fat MonounsaturatedPolyunsaturated Oleic (Olive Oil) Omega-6 Linoleic Arachiodonic GLA CLA Omega-3 Alpha-Linoleic EPA DPA DHA Polyunsaturated Fish, grains such as flaxseed and cereal Trans Partially hydrogenised fats like margarine and baking shortening Saturated Peanut oil, coconut oil, animal fat, and butterfat Fully saturated with hydrogen bonds At least one double bond More than 2 double bonds 1 double bond Monounsaturated Nuts, avocados, tea sea oil, and olive oil
Imbalance of Omega-6 to Omega-3 in the Western Diet Paleolithic Diet (1:2)Current Western Diet (25:1)Recommended Diet (4:1) Bourre JM, Dumont O, Piciotti M, Clement M, et al. Essentiality of n-3 fatty acids for brain structure and function. World Rev Nutr Diet 66(1991) ; Holub BJ. Omega-3 fatty acids in cardiovascular care. CMAJ 166(2002) Current Western Diet 25:1, but could reach 50:1 in individuals consuming mostly processed foods. Omega-6 promotes inflammation and heart conditions. Omega-3Omega-6 Omega-3 Omega-6 Omega-3
Allport, Susan. The Queen of Fats. London: University of California, Omega-3 Fatty AcidsOmega-6 Fatty Acids Contain EPA and DHA that are essential for: Proper growth and development Metabolic processes Inhibit free forming fatty acids from destroying healthy cells. Allows for better communication between cells. Omega-6 are involved in: Production of inflammation Regulation of cholesterol metabolism Creates structure in cell membranes Sources: Fish oil (EPA and DHA), green leafy vegetables and algae (DHA only) Sources: Safflower oil, Sunflower oil, Corn oil, Sesame oil, Soybean oil, Wheatgerm oil, Evening Primrose oil, Walnuts vs.
USDA …evidence suggests an association between consumption of fatty acids in fish and reduced risk of mortality from cardiovascular disease for the general population Dietary Guidelines for Americans Number 1 killer of Americans today 2 out of 5 American deaths caused by cardiovascular disease American Heart Association Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown in epidemiological and clinical trials to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease. Kris Etherton, P Kris Etherton, P. et al. Fish Consumption, Fish Oil, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, and Cardiovascular Disease. Circulation, 2002; 106:2747. Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Disease
The US National Institute of Health –650 mg/day of EPA and DHA and 2 grams/day of omega-3 fatty acids –Limit omega-6 fatty acid to 4 gm/day. EPA and DHA Recommendations
Types of omega-3 fatty acids: –Alpha linolenic acid (ALA) –Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) –Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) –Docosapentaenoic (DPA) Omega-3 fatty acids are long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and contain the essential nutrients EPA (Eicosapentaenoic Acid) and DHA (Docosahexaenoic Acid). EPA and DHA are essential for: Proper growth and development Metabolic processes Inhibit free forming fatty acids from destroying healthy cells.
The Importance of EPA and DHA Improves blood platelet functionality Reduces inflammation Reduces occurrence of heart attacks Necessary for transport of nutrients through cell membranes Improves blood flow Promotes proper cell turnover Supports healthy development of blood cells Assists in the creation of blood vessels Inhibits free forming fatty acids from destroying healthy cells EPA DHA
Fish Oil is the Best Source for Omega- 3 EPA and DHA ALA source (Alpha-Linoleic Acid): Have to be converted by the body into EPA and DHA Less than 1% of DHA and EPA from ALA is absorbed due to loss during conversion Pawlosky, Robert J. Physiological compartmental analysis of alpha-linolenic acid metabolism in adult humans. Journal of Lipid Research. 42,(2001): Algae source: Algae only contains DHA Does not contain the essential nutrient EPA Fish oil source: Contains EPA and DHA 100% bioavailable- effective immediately for 100% absorption
ALA Conversion Process Converts to Converts back and forth ALA EPA DHA Cold water fish, fish oil, free range chicken and eggs, grass fed beef and wild game; fresh seaweed (DHA only) Chloroplast in dark green vegetables, walnuts, and flaxseeds Converts to Supplies Short chain Intermediate Molecules Bioavailable
Daily Recommendations for Long Chain Omega-3 OrganizationSuggested Child Recommendations (mg) Australia and New Zealand Health Authorities 400mg/day World Health OrganizationUndetermined British Nutrition FoundationUndetermined American Heart AssociationUndetermined Typical Omega-3 fatty acid intake in the U.S: 100mg Minimum Recommended: ~500mg/day OrganizationSuggested Adult Recommendations (mg) Australia and New Zealand Health Authorities 430mg-610mg/day World Health Organization1000mg-2000mg/day British Nutrition Foundation1000mg-2000mg/day American Heart Association1000mg-4000mg/day
Scientific Research- Omega-3 and Health This is simply a list of the health benefits associated with EPA and DHA found in fish oil. To learn more about each health concern and the benefits of omega-3, please visit our online library of information of health concerns and discover how omega-3 can create a lifetime of health.
Promote the excessive production of eicosanoids (inflammation) Increased production of free radicals Compete with enzymes of metabolic pathways creating a host of medical problems. Increased susceptibility to lipid oxidation Stimulates neoplastic cell growth in culture Impairs insulin activity The excessive consumption of omega-6 fatty acids:
Why the excess consumption? Cost Efficient Easier production Shelf stability Longer shelf life Ability to market low- saturated fat Consumer barriers to healthy living: Food Industrys Contribution: Lack of time Love to eat their favorite foods The expense Confusion with health claims Not interested in exercise
Euromonitor International 2007 Multiple small changes contribute to significant health rewards Simple substitutions are key to nutrient dense foods leading to better overall health Replace your typical product with one enriched with omega-3 Functional Food Solution
Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables Consume oils with a healthy balance of omega-3 to omega-6 Eat a variety of fatty fish: tuna, salmon, mackerel Eat omega-3 fortified foods Avoid hydrogenated and partially hydrogenated oils- trans fat Choose free range chicken, beef, bison, pork and other wild game Use fish oil supplements rich in EPA and DHA Allport, Susan. The Queen of Fats. London: University of California, Take an omega-3 supplement Eat more oily fish Reduce omega-6 consumption Restoring Balance Maximize Your Health
Market Evolution Source: Packaged Facts: Omega-3 Foods and the U.S. Food and Beverage Market, March %37%15%11%15% Percent increase: * These numbers include flax
Omega Protein is the worlds largest processor of fish oil - OmegaPure. Vertically integrated from catch through production. Omega Protein owns 40 fishing vessels and 38 spotter planes. State-of-the-art fish oil refinery produces OmegaPure from herring (menhaden) caught in U.S. waters. OmegaPure Technology and Innovation Center (OPTIC) established for product development. Publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange (OME). Omega Protein, Inc
2105 City West Blvd., Suite 500 Houston, Texas Direct Line: For more information on omega-3 fatty acids, EPA/DHA, the industry, or OmegaProtein, please contact me at: