Presentation on theme: "Omega-3 Fatty Acids Created by: Sarah London, Nutritionist"— Presentation transcript:
1 Omega-3 Fatty Acids Created by: Sarah London, Nutritionist OmegaPure, a division of Omega Protein, Inc
2 Types of Dietary Fat Saturated Peanut oil, coconut At least one double bondFully saturated with hydrogen bondsUnsaturated FatSaturated FatMore than 2 double bonds1 double bondMonounsaturatedPolyunsaturatedOleic (Olive Oil)Omega-6LinoleicArachiodonicGLACLAOmega-3Alpha-LinoleicEPADPADHASaturatedPeanut oil, coconutoil, animal fat, andbutterfatMonounsaturatedNuts, avocados, teasea oil, and olive oilPolyunsaturated Fish, grains such as flaxseed and cerealTransPartially hydrogenised fats like margarine and baking shortening
3 Imbalance of Omega-6 to Omega-3 in the Western Diet Current Western Diet 25:1, but could reach 50:1 in individuals consuming mostly processed foods.Omega-6 promotes inflammation and heart conditions.Paleolithic Diet (1:2)Current Western Diet (25:1)Recommended Diet (4:1)Omega-6Omega-6Omega-3Omega-6Omega-3Omega-3Bourre JM, Dumont O, Piciotti M, Clement M, et al. “Essentiality of n-3 fatty acids for brain structure and function”. World Rev Nutr Diet 66(1991) ; Holub BJ. “Omega-3 fatty acids in cardiovascular care”. CMAJ 166(2002)
4 Omega-3 Fatty Acids Omega-6 Fatty Acids vs. Contain EPA and DHA that are essential for:Proper growth and developmentMetabolic processesInhibit free forming fatty acids from destroying healthy cells.Allows for better communication between cells.Omega-6 are involved in:Production of inflammationRegulation of cholesterol metabolismCreates structure in cell membranesSources:Fish oil (EPA and DHA), green leafy vegetables and algae (DHA only)Sources:Safflower oil, Sunflower oil,Corn oil, Sesame oil, Soybean oil, Wheatgerm oil, Evening Primrose oil, WalnutsAllport, Susan. The Queen of Fats. London: University of California, 2006.
5 Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Disease USDA“…evidence suggests an association between consumption of fatty acids in fish and reduced risk of mortality from cardiovascular disease for the general population.” 2005 Dietary Guidelines for AmericansAmerican Heart Association“Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown in epidemiological and clinical trials to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease.” Kris Etherton, PNumber 1 killer of Americans today2 out of 5 American deaths caused by cardiovascular diseaseKris Etherton, P. et al. Fish Consumption, Fish Oil, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, and Cardiovascular Disease. Circulation, 2002; 106:2747.
6 EPA and DHA Recommendations The US National Institute of Health650 mg/day of EPA and DHA and 2 grams/day of omega-3 fatty acidsLimit omega-6 fatty acid to 4 gm/day.
7 Types of omega-3 fatty acids: Alpha linolenic acid (ALA) Omega-3 fatty acids are long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and contain the essential nutrients EPA (Eicosapentaenoic Acid) and DHA (Docosahexaenoic Acid).Types of omega-3 fatty acids:Alpha linolenic acid (ALA)Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA)Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA)Docosapentaenoic (DPA)EPA and DHA are essential for:Proper growth and developmentMetabolic processesInhibit free forming fatty acids from destroying healthy cells.
8 The Importance of EPA and DHA Promotes proper cell turnoverSupports healthy development of blood cellsAssists in the creation of blood vesselsInhibits free forming fatty acids from destroying healthy cellsImproves blood platelet functionalityReduces inflammationReduces occurrence of heart attacksNecessary for transport of nutrients through cell membranesImproves blood flow
9 Fish Oil is the Best Source for Omega- 3 EPA and DHA ALA source (Alpha-Linoleic Acid):Have to be converted by the body into EPA and DHALess than 1% of DHA and EPA from ALA is absorbed due to loss during conversionAlgae source:Algae only contains DHADoes not contain the essential nutrient EPAFish oil source:Contains EPA and DHA100% bioavailable- effective immediately for 100% absorptionPawlosky, Robert J. “Physiological compartmental analysis of alpha-linolenic acid metabolism in adult humans”. Journal of Lipid Research. 42,(2001):
10 ALA Conversion Process Chloroplast in dark green vegetables, walnuts, and flaxseedsShort chainSuppliesALAConverts toConverts back and forthConverts toIntermediate MoleculesEPADHABioavailableCold water fish, fish oil, free range chicken and eggs, grass fed beef and wild game; fresh seaweed (DHA only)
11 Daily Recommendations for Long Chain Omega-3 OrganizationSuggested Adult Recommendations (mg)Australia and New Zealand Health Authorities430mg-610mg/dayWorld Health Organization1000mg-2000mg/dayBritish Nutrition FoundationAmerican Heart Association1000mg-4000mg/dayMinimum Recommended:~500mg/dayTypical Omega-3 fatty acid intake in the U.S: 100mgOrganizationSuggested Child Recommendations (mg)Australia and New Zealand Health Authorities400mg/dayWorld Health OrganizationUndeterminedBritish Nutrition FoundationAmerican Heart Association
13 Scientific Research- Omega-3 and Health This is simply a list of the health benefitsassociated with EPA and DHA found in fish oil.To learn more about each health concern and thebenefits of omega-3, please visit our online libraryof information of health concerns and discoverhow omega-3 can create a lifetime of health.
14 The excessive consumption of omega-6 fatty acids: Promote the excessive production of eicosanoids (inflammation)Increased production of free radicalsCompete with enzymes of metabolic pathways creating a host of medical problems.Increased susceptibility to lipid oxidationStimulates neoplastic cell growth in cultureImpairs insulin activity
15 Why the excess consumption? Consumer barriers to healthy living:Food Industry’s Contribution:Lack of timeLove to eat their favorite foodsThe expenseConfusion with health claimsNot interested in exerciseCost EfficientEasier productionShelf stabilityLonger shelf lifeAbility to market low-saturated fat
16 Functional Food Solution Multiple small changes contribute to significant health rewardsSimple substitutions are key to nutrient dense foods leading to better overall healthReplace your typical product with one enriched with omega-3Euromonitor International 2007
17 Maximize Your Health Restoring Balance Take an omega-3 supplementEat more oily fishReduce omega-6 consumptionRestoring BalanceEat a variety of fruits and vegetablesConsume oils with a healthy balance of omega-3 to omega-6Eat a variety of fatty fish: tuna, salmon, mackerelEat omega-3 fortified foodsAvoid hydrogenated and partially hydrogenated oils- trans fatChoose free range chicken, beef, bison, pork and other wild gameUse fish oil supplements rich in EPA and DHAAllport, Susan. The Queen of Fats. London: University of California, 2006.
22 Omega Protein, Inc Omega Protein is the world’s largest processor of fish oil - OmegaPure.Vertically integrated from catch through production.Omega Protein owns 40 fishing vessels and 38 spotter planes.State-of-the-art fish oil refinery produces OmegaPure from herring (menhaden) caught in U.S. waters.OmegaPure Technology and Innovation Center (OPTIC) established for product development.Publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange (OME).
23 For more information on omega-3 fatty acids, EPA/DHA, the industry, or OmegaProtein, please contact me at:2105 City West Blvd., Suite 500Houston, TexasDirect Line: