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Omega-3 Fatty Acids Created by: Sarah London, Nutritionist

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Presentation on theme: "Omega-3 Fatty Acids Created by: Sarah London, Nutritionist"— Presentation transcript:

1 Omega-3 Fatty Acids Created by: Sarah London, Nutritionist
OmegaPure, a division of Omega Protein, Inc

2 Types of Dietary Fat Saturated Peanut oil, coconut
At least one double bond Fully saturated with hydrogen bonds Unsaturated Fat Saturated Fat More than 2 double bonds 1 double bond Monounsaturated Polyunsaturated Oleic (Olive Oil) Omega-6 Linoleic Arachiodonic GLA CLA Omega-3 Alpha-Linoleic EPA DPA DHA Saturated Peanut oil, coconut oil, animal fat, and butterfat Monounsaturated Nuts, avocados, tea sea oil, and olive oil Polyunsaturated Fish, grains such as flaxseed and cereal Trans Partially hydrogenised fats like margarine and baking shortening

3 Imbalance of Omega-6 to Omega-3 in the Western Diet
Current Western Diet 25:1, but could reach 50:1 in individuals consuming mostly processed foods. Omega-6 promotes inflammation and heart conditions. Paleolithic Diet (1:2) Current Western Diet (25:1) Recommended Diet (4:1) Omega-6 Omega-6 Omega-3 Omega-6 Omega-3 Omega-3 Bourre JM, Dumont O, Piciotti M, Clement M, et al. “Essentiality of n-3 fatty acids for brain structure and function”. World Rev Nutr Diet 66(1991) ; Holub BJ. “Omega-3 fatty acids in cardiovascular care”. CMAJ 166(2002)

4 Omega-3 Fatty Acids Omega-6 Fatty Acids vs. Contain EPA and DHA
that are essential for: Proper growth and development Metabolic processes Inhibit free forming fatty acids from destroying healthy cells. Allows for better communication between cells. Omega-6 are involved in: Production of inflammation Regulation of cholesterol metabolism Creates structure in cell membranes Sources: Fish oil (EPA and DHA), green leafy vegetables and algae (DHA only) Sources: Safflower oil, Sunflower oil, Corn oil, Sesame oil, Soybean oil, Wheatgerm oil, Evening Primrose oil, Walnuts Allport, Susan. The Queen of Fats. London: University of California, 2006.

5 Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Disease
USDA “…evidence suggests an association between consumption of fatty acids in fish and reduced risk of mortality from cardiovascular disease for the general population.” 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans American Heart Association “Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown in epidemiological and clinical trials to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease.” Kris Etherton, P Number 1 killer of Americans today 2 out of 5 American deaths caused by cardiovascular disease Kris Etherton, P. et al. Fish Consumption, Fish Oil, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, and Cardiovascular Disease. Circulation, 2002; 106:2747.

6 EPA and DHA Recommendations
The US National Institute of Health 650 mg/day of EPA and DHA and 2 grams/day of omega-3 fatty acids Limit omega-6 fatty acid to 4 gm/day.

7 Types of omega-3 fatty acids: Alpha linolenic acid (ALA)
Omega-3 fatty acids are long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and contain the essential nutrients EPA (Eicosapentaenoic Acid) and DHA (Docosahexaenoic Acid). Types of omega-3 fatty acids: Alpha linolenic acid (ALA) Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) Docosapentaenoic (DPA) EPA and DHA are essential for: Proper growth and development Metabolic processes Inhibit free forming fatty acids from destroying healthy cells.

8 The Importance of EPA and DHA
Promotes proper cell turnover Supports healthy development of blood cells Assists in the creation of blood vessels Inhibits free forming fatty acids from destroying healthy cells Improves blood platelet functionality Reduces inflammation Reduces occurrence of heart attacks Necessary for transport of nutrients through cell membranes Improves blood flow

9 Fish Oil is the Best Source for Omega- 3 EPA and DHA
ALA source (Alpha-Linoleic Acid): Have to be converted by the body into EPA and DHA Less than 1% of DHA and EPA from ALA is absorbed due to loss during conversion Algae source: Algae only contains DHA Does not contain the essential nutrient EPA Fish oil source: Contains EPA and DHA 100% bioavailable- effective immediately for 100% absorption Pawlosky, Robert J. “Physiological compartmental analysis of alpha-linolenic acid metabolism in adult humans”. Journal of Lipid Research. 42,(2001):

10 ALA Conversion Process
Chloroplast in dark green vegetables, walnuts, and flaxseeds Short chain Supplies ALA Converts to Converts back and forth Converts to Intermediate Molecules EPA DHA Bioavailable Cold water fish, fish oil, free range chicken and eggs, grass fed beef and wild game; fresh seaweed (DHA only)

11 Daily Recommendations for Long Chain Omega-3
Organization Suggested Adult Recommendations (mg) Australia and New Zealand Health Authorities 430mg-610mg/day World Health Organization 1000mg-2000mg/day British Nutrition Foundation American Heart Association 1000mg-4000mg/day Minimum Recommended: ~500mg/day Typical Omega-3 fatty acid intake in the U.S: 100mg Organization Suggested Child Recommendations (mg) Australia and New Zealand Health Authorities 400mg/day World Health Organization Undetermined British Nutrition Foundation American Heart Association

12 Health Studies Brain Development: IQ, Dyslexia, Dementia, Alzheimer’s, ADD/ADHD, Depression and Suicide, Aggression, Anxiety Neurological: Bi-Polar Disorder, Schizophrenia, Autism, Multiple Sclerosis, Lou Gehrig’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease Cardiovascular and Circulatory Systems: Atherosclerosis, Triglycerides, Cholesterol, Angina, Heart Attack, Arrhythmias, Stroke, Hypertension, Cardiovascular & Coronary Heart Disease Respiratory System: Asthma, Emphysema, Cystic Fibrosis, ARDS, Chronic Lung Disease, Skeletal and Muscular System: Tooth Loss, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Bone Density, Joint Health, Fibromyalgia Dermatological System: Acne, Eczema, Psoriasis Digestive System: Ulcers, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Chron’s Disease, Intestinal Disorders Immune System: AIDS, Lupus, Autoimmune Diseases Reproductive System: Prostate Health, Breastfeeding, Pregnancy, Menopause, HPV, PMS Endocrine System: Diabetes Urinary System: Kidney’s, Hemodialysis Cancer: Breast, Prostate, Colorectal, Kidney, Liver, Lymph, Colon, Lung Weight Control Vision: Cataracts, Dry Eye, Macular Degeneration, Retinopathy

13 Scientific Research- Omega-3 and Health
This is simply a list of the health benefits associated with EPA and DHA found in fish oil. To learn more about each health concern and the benefits of omega-3, please visit our online library of information of health concerns and discover how omega-3 can create a lifetime of health.

14 The excessive consumption of omega-6 fatty acids:
Promote the excessive production of eicosanoids (inflammation) Increased production of free radicals Compete with enzymes of metabolic pathways creating a host of medical problems. Increased susceptibility to lipid oxidation Stimulates neoplastic cell growth in culture Impairs insulin activity

15 Why the excess consumption?
Consumer barriers to healthy living: Food Industry’s Contribution: Lack of time Love to eat their favorite foods The expense Confusion with health claims Not interested in exercise Cost Efficient Easier production Shelf stability Longer shelf life Ability to market low- saturated fat

16 Functional Food Solution
Multiple small changes contribute to significant health rewards Simple substitutions are key to nutrient dense foods leading to better overall health Replace your typical product with one enriched with omega-3 Euromonitor International 2007

17 Maximize Your Health Restoring Balance
Take an omega-3 supplement Eat more oily fish Reduce omega-6 consumption Restoring Balance Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables Consume oils with a healthy balance of omega-3 to omega-6 Eat a variety of fatty fish: tuna, salmon, mackerel Eat omega-3 fortified foods Avoid hydrogenated and partially hydrogenated oils- trans fat Choose free range chicken, beef, bison, pork and other wild game Use fish oil supplements rich in EPA and DHA Allport, Susan. The Queen of Fats. London: University of California, 2006.

18 Omega-3 Market

19 Market Evolution Percent increase: 75% 37% 15% 11% 15%
* These numbers include flax Source: Packaged Facts: Omega-3 Foods and the U.S. Food and Beverage Market, March 2007

20 Market Knowledge


22 Omega Protein, Inc Omega Protein is the world’s largest
processor of fish oil - OmegaPure. Vertically integrated from catch through production. Omega Protein owns 40 fishing vessels and 38 spotter planes. State-of-the-art fish oil refinery produces OmegaPure from herring (menhaden) caught in U.S. waters. OmegaPure Technology and Innovation Center (OPTIC) established for product development. Publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange (OME).

23 For more information on omega-3 fatty acids, EPA/DHA, the industry, or OmegaProtein, please contact me at: 2105 City West Blvd., Suite 500 Houston, Texas Direct Line:

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