Presentation on theme: "Carbohydrate Counting and Basic Nutrition"— Presentation transcript:
1Carbohydrate Counting and Basic Nutrition An education program for the person with diabetesPresented by:Lisa Cogbill, RD LD CDE
2Objectives: Meal Planning What is a Carbohydrate Food Choices Label ReadingImportance of Nutrition
3Keeping the Body Healthy Nutrition Management of Type 1 Diabetes MellitusHealthy nutrition provides enough energy (or calories) for growth anddevelopment and allows for normal activities of daily living and exercise.Meal planning is part of your everyday life.The key to success is balancing: Food Insulin ExerciseHealthy choices with heart healthy meals are good for all individuals withand without diabetes.The needs will vary with age, sex, weight, and activity level.
4THE 3 FOOD GROUPSCarbohydratesProteinsFatsMeal planning for type 1 diabetes is based on carbohydrates.Carbohydrates raise blood sugar. In people with type 1 diabetes, we giveinsulin based on the carbohydrates that are eaten.The total amount of carbohydrates, protein, and fat in the meal plan will vary for individuals.
5ProteinProtein is a part of every cell in the body. Protein is needed for growthand repair of the body. Important enzymes and hormones are also proteins.Good sources of protein are:MeatsCheesesNut ButtersBoth the amount and quality of the protein are important. Fortunately,most individuals in the United States eat enough protein.All individuals need to include carbohydrate, fat, and protein in their diet.For the person with type 1 diabetes, we focus on carbohydrates and knowing how many grams of carbohydrate we eat at meals and snacks.
6FatsFats have an important role in a healthy meal plan.For example, vitamins A, D, E, K and carotenoids are fat-soluble.This means that fat is required for their digestion and absorption.Fats provide energy, which is important for individuals to growappropriately.Fats keep the brain and nervous system functioning normally andhelp maintain healthy skin.There are many different types of fat that have different effects oncholesterol and cardiovascular health.Saturated Fat –They are found mainly in animal-based foodssuch as meat, poultry, butter, whole milk and whole milkproducts, and from coconut, palm and palm kernel oils.Monounsaturated Fat – Canola oil, olive oil, avocado oil and nutsPolyunsaturated Fats- Corn, safflower, soybean, sesame, sunflower, peanut, walnut, fish, and flaxseed oils
7Eat RightCarbohydrates are the primary foods that affect glucose levels.Foods with CarbohydratesBreads, crackers and cerealsPasta, rice and grainsStarchy vegetables, such as potatoes, corn and peasNon-starchy vegetables such as broccoli, salad greens and carrotsMilk and yogurtFruits and juicesSweets and desserts
9CARBOHYDRATE COUNTING Carbohydrate counting is important for meal planning when you have diabetes.Knowing how much carbohydrate you eat helps you determine how much insulin you will need.Counting the total grams of carbohydrate in meals and snacks helps you eat about the same amount of food.Eating the same amount of carbohydrate, but from different foods, have an effect on blood sugar.
10MASTERING THE SYSTEMAfter you know what type of foods contain carbohydrates you need to know exactly how much it contains.Food labels, nutrient analysis apps and books, and learning portion sizes are all tools that can help you become accurate.
13Counting carbs: Check the label Serving Size: The portion for which nutritional facts are calculated.Total Carbohydrates: Includes grams of sugar, sugar alcohol, starch, dietary fiber.
14How many carbs are in 4 crackers? Calculate a snackHow many carbs are in 4 crackers?4 crackers = 2 servings2 servings x 10 grams per serving =20 grams of carbs
15Your turn … How much is one serving? How many grams of carbs are in one serving?If you eat one cup, how many carb exchanges is that?
16YOUR TURNHow many grams of carbs in a 6 inch turkey sub?How many carbs in 60 fries?How many carbs in 1 cup of cooked green beans?How many carbs in 1 cup raw broccoli?How many carbs in 1 piece of bubble gum?How many carbs in Moms homemade Chicken Pot Pie?
17Chicken Pot Pie Recipe recipe makes 1 - 9 inch pie 1 pound skinless, boneless chicken breast halves1 cup sliced carrots1 cup frozen green peas1/2 cup sliced celery1/3 cup butter1/3 cup chopped onion1/3 cup all-purpose flour1/2 teaspoon salt1/4 teaspoon black pepper1/4 teaspoon celery seed1 3/4 cups chicken broth2/3 cup milk 1 (9 inch) unbaked pie crustsCarb content in recipe1 cup carrots – 5g1cup peas – 30 gcelery and onion– 5 grams1/3 cup flour -30 grams2/3 cup milk – 8 grams1 pie crust -96 gramsTotal Carbs = 174Total serving in pie = 8Total for 1 serving= 174/8=21.7522 grams Carbs
18You are what you eat.The freedom of carb counting can increase the temptation to overeat—which inevitably leads to weight gain.Remember to eat at least 3-5 servings of vegetables and 2-3 servings of fruit.
19RD VisitsIt is recommended that all people with type 1 diabetes mellitus see a registered dietitian at least once a year.A dietitian can provide specific details on calorie, carbohydrate, and fat needs.They will also provide nutrition counseling to help manage blood sugars and to promote health and wellness