Presentation on theme: "Observation (observing)- using your senses to collect information"— Presentation transcript:
1Observation (observing)- using your senses to collect information Details you can actually see, touch, taste, hear, or smell… but not opinionsInferences (inferring)- Guesses (conclusions or judgements) that explain a set of observationsBest guess based on observationsCan and should change with more informationLogical and most likely explanation
2What can you see?(no guesses)…….Details that you think are important.NOW, what would you guess?
3Observationshair is standing up on tophands are on sides of faceyellow-orange light in the backgroundgray area at top of window framecheeks are redmouth is openeyes are widewearing a loose fitting blue shirtshe’s looking downInferencesWoken up by a fire?Yelling for help?Late for the school bus?Someone is stealing her car?Woken by noisy neighbors?
5Suppose you are on a photo safari in Africa Suppose you are on a photo safari in Africa. In a region bordering some small farms, you see some domestic cattle sharing space with some wild zebra. Some people in your group make the following observations and inferences…
6Reasonable or unreasonable?? Observation: The cattle and the zebra are standing quietly together.Inference 1: The cattle and zebra do not attack each other.Inference 2: None of the animals in this region attack each other.Reasonable or unreasonable??
7Reasonable or unreasonable?? Observation: Some of the cattle are eating grass.Inference 3: The grass is food for the cattle and zebra.Inference 4: Most of the grass in this area is eaten by the cattle.Reasonable or unreasonable??
8Have you ever noticed differences in animal teeth? 1. human2. cow3. cat4. dog5. horse
9A mammal’s teeth are adapted to its diet. Some mammals eat only plants A mammal’s teeth are adapted to its diet. Some mammals eat only plants. Many of their teeth have flat surfaces that enable the animals to crush and grind the tough material in plant parts.Which of the animals in the diagram have numerous flat teeth? What can you infer about their diet?
10Some mammals eat both animals and plants. What inference can you make about their teeth? Which animals in the diagram do you think eat both animals and plants?
11Some mammals eat other animals Some mammals eat other animals. Many of their teeth have sharp points that pierce animal flesh and tear off sections to swallow.Which of the animals in the diagram have numerous sharp teeth? What can you infer about their diet?
12Tips for Making an Inference Base your inference on accurate qualitative or quantitative observations.Combine your observations with knowledge or experience to make an inference.Try to make more than one logical inference from the same observation.
13Evaluate the inference. Decide what new information you need to show whether your inferences are true. If necessary, gather more information.Be prepared to modify, reject, or revise your inferences.