2Day 1 – Careers and Pathways I think the person who takes a job in order to live - that is to say, for the money - has turned himself into a slave - Joseph CampbellDiscuss the quote with your class.Reflect on the discussion for 1 minute in silenceFinish with your house prayerSome information to help you….Why is healthy eating important?There is good evidence that eating a healthy diet can reduce your risk of obesity and illnesses such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke, osteoporosis and some types of cancer.The food you eat contains several different types of nutrients, which are all required for the many vital processes in your body. Key nutrients in your diet include the following.Carbohydrates provide you with energy.Proteins are another source of energy and essential for the growth and repair of all tissues in your body.Fats are a very concentrated source of energy and also have a number of other roles, including helping to transport essential vitamins around your body.Vitamins and minerals are important to keep your body healthy and functioning.Another important element of your diet is fibre. Fibre isn’t classed as a nutrient, but it’s essential to keep your digestive system healthy and certain types of fibre can help to control your blood cholesterol levels.A balanced dietYou need to eat a range of foods to get all of the nutrients and fibre your body needs. The five main food groups are:starchy foods, which include bread, pasta, rice and potatoesfruit and vegetablesmilk and other dairy foodsmeat, fish, eggs, beans and other non-dairy sources of proteinfoods high in fat or sugarEat the right balance of foods from these groups to make sure your body gets all it needs to stay healthy.The image below shows proportionately how much food to eat from each of the different groups to enjoy a balanced and healthy diet. This includes everything you eat during the day, including snacks and drinks. You don't have to give up the less healthy foods you like, just adjust the amount of them you eat in proportion to the amount of healthy foods in your diet.Getting the balance rightStarchy foodsStarchy foods contain energy in the form of carbohydrates, and release this energy slowly throughout the day. Eat starchy foods as your main source of energy. They will make you feel full so you will be less likely to feel hungry and snack during the day.Starchy foods include bread, pasta, cereals, rice and potatoes. Choose wholegrain or wholemeal varieties where possible, and brown rice, as they are particularly high in fibre.Fruit and vegetablesFruit and vegetables are good sources of many nutrients, in particular vitamins, minerals and fibre. Aim to eat at least five portions of fruit and vegetables each day. Your five portions don't all have to be fresh – dried, frozen, tinned, and juiced fruit and vegetables count too.Milk and other dairy foodsMilk and dairy products, such as cheese and yoghurt, are important sources of protein, calcium and vitamins. Aim to choose lower-fat options, such as semi-skimmed or skimmed milk.Meat, fish, eggs, beans and other non-dairy sources of proteinMeat, fish and alternatives, such as beans, pulses, eggs and nuts are all important non-dairy sources of protein.Try to eat two portions of fish a week (one portion is about 140g). You might like to make one of these portions an oily fish, such as mackerel, salmon or pilchards. Oily fish is particularly rich in long chain omega 3 fatty acids, which may help prevent heart disease, although more research is needed to prove this effect.Some types of meat are high in fat, so always cut off any extra fat and skin. Grill, bake or poach meat and fish rather than fry it. Try to limit the amount of processed meat you eat (such as sausages and beef burgers) as these foods often contain a lot of fat and may increase your risk of bowel cancer.Foods high in fat and sugarFat is an important part of your diet but you don’t need very much. Try to eat less fat overall but remember that the type of fat you eat is also important. Try to replace foods that are high in saturated (bad) fats, such as butter, pastries and cheese with foods that are rich in unsaturated (good) fats, such as avocado and olive oil.Sugary foods, such as sweets and biscuits provide you with energy but not many nutrients. They can also cause tooth decay and gum disease, so try to limit the amount you eat.
3Day 2 – Careers and Pathways Pleasure in the job puts perfection in the work - Aristotle Discuss the quote with your class.Reflect on the discussion for 1 minute in silenceFinish with your house prayer
4Day 3 – Careers and Pathways The biggest mistake that you can make is to believe that you are working for somebody else. Job security is gone. The driving force of a career must come from the individual. Remember: Jobs are owned by the company, you own your career! Earl NightingaleDiscuss the quote with your class.Reflect on the discussion for 1 minute in silenceFinish with your house prayerImproving your dietAim to eat three balanced meals a day with healthy snacks in between if you need them. Breakfast is important so don’t skip it, especially if you’re trying to lose weight.Generally, if you want to improve your diet, there are certain foods to aim to eat more of and others that it’s best to eat less of. Some examples are listed below.Eat more:fruit and vegetablesfoods high in fibre, such as wholemeal and wholegrain bread, beans, pulses and potatoes with the skins onlow-fat dairy products, such as semi-skimmed milk, low-fat cheese and yoghurtstarchy foods, such as wholemeal rice, pasta and breadEat less:processed meat products, such as sausages, salami, meat pies and burgers – replace these with lean meat (with the skin and fat removed)foods high in salt, such as crisps and processed foods like ready meals and saucessugary foods and drinks, such as fizzy drinks, sweets and biscuitshigh-fat foods, such as cream, butter and cakesMaking changesIt’s important to make gradual changes to your eating habits. Don't be tempted to make drastic changes overnight or fall into the trap of making common dieting mistakes. Small, day-to-day changes will have a much bigger and more long-lasting effect.If you're having trouble making changes to your diet or you’re worried that you’re not getting all of the nutrients you need, talk to your GP. He or she may be able to give you some practical advice or refer you to a dietitian who can help you further.
5Day 4 – Careers and Pathways Never continue in a job you don't enjoy. If you're happy in what you're doing, you'll like yourself, you'll have inner peace. And if you have that, along with physical health, you will have had more success than you could possibly have imagined - Johnny CarsonDiscuss the quote with your class.Reflect on the discussion for 1 minute in silenceFinish with your house prayer