4Outline the function of macro and micronutrients Main function is to provide calories. The amount of calories that each one provides varies:Carbohydrate provides 4 calories per gram.Protein provides 4 calories per gram.Fat provides 9 calories per gram.
5Cont’d – micronutrient function Micronutrients are nutrients that the human body needs in minute amounts so that it can function properly. Their deficiency leads to critical health problems.Many micronutrients are essential for proper enzyme function (enzymes are critical for catalyzing chemical reactions in the body)
6State the chemical composition of a glucose molecule C6H12O6 – or a 1:2:1 ratio of C:H:OIdentify a diagram representing the basic structure of a glucose molecule
7Explain how glucose molecules can combine to form disaccharides and polysaccharides Condensation Reaction (aka Dehydration synthesis reaction) – the linking of a monosaccharide to another monosaccharide, disaccharide or polysaccharide by removal of a water molecule
8State the composition of a molecule of triglyceride (aka triglycerol) Glycerol and fatty acid
9Distinguish between saturated and unsaturated fatty acids Sat fats – (no double bonds); originate from animal sources. Include:MeatPoultryDairy products – milk, eggsUnsat fat (contain one or moredouble bonds between carbon atoms within the fatty acid chain.Originate from plant sources. Include:Nuts, olives, olive oil, avocado, sunflower seeds/oil
10State the chemical composition of a protein molecule C, H and O ….but not in the same ratio of carbohydrates (1:2:1)Distinguish between an essential and non-essential amino acid.Essential a.a. – must be obtained from the dietNon-essential a.a. – can be synthesized by the human body
11Describe current recommendations for a healthy balanced diet
12Cont’dDo it. In the space below describe the recommendations presented on the previous slide.
13State the approximate energy content per 100g of Carbs, lipids and protein Carbs – 1760 kJLipids – 4000 kJProteins – 1720 kJ
14HOMEWORK – RESEARCH THIS STATEMENT AND PRODUCE A ONE PAGE RESPONSE. Discuss how the recommended energy distribution of the dietary macronutrients different between endurance athletes and non-athletesHOMEWORK – RESEARCH THIS STATEMENT AND PRODUCE A ONE PAGE RESPONSE.DUE TOMORROW