Presentation on theme: "Diet to Prevent and Manage chronic deseases"— Presentation transcript:
1Diet to Prevent and Manage chronic deseases Dr. Nadia Saadat.
2Outline Food choices Chronic diseases. Metabolic syndrome. Guidelines for Diabetic patients(calorie counting food label, glycemic index).Guidelines for managing Hypertension(Dash diet plan).Diet plan to reduce heart disease risk(Types of fat and how to choose).Cancer prevention with diet( fiber, Phytochemicals vitamins)Obesity
8Chronic Diseases Chronic Diseases Two types of diseases Infectious and chronicChronic DiseasesDiabeties (high blood glucose level)Hypertension (high blood pressure)Cardiovascular diseasesSome time present as Metabolic syndrome
12Guidelines for Diabetic patients Manage your blood glucose level near normal range. Test blood glucose levels before meal and or before going to bed.Count your calories-use exchange list, food label or go to to calculate your calorie intake.
17In our cultural foods avoid Guidelines for Diabetic patientsIn our cultural foods avoid Coconut in cooking. Deep fried dishes like puri, paratha, samosa, etc. Vegetables like potato, sweet potato, beetroot, yam, arbi, etc. Sweets, cakes, pastries,Baklava, ice creams, jam, jelly, marmalade and soft drinks. Fruits like grapes, mango, chiku and sugarcane Use only unsaturated oils, like canola, sunflower, olive oil etc.
19Managing Hypertension with DASH Diet plan Key point of DASH Diet PlanReduce sodium intakeVegetables 4-5 servings /dayIf canned take low sodium variety.Whole grains 6-8 servings /dayWhole wheat roti, begal brown riceFruits 4-5 servings /day
20Managing Hypertension with DASH Diet plan Dairy servings / day- low fat varietyIncorporate poultry and fishNuts, seeds and legumes 4-5 servings/dayUse oils instead of solid fatsLimit intake of fats to less than 30%Reduce intake of refined sugars
21Risk Factors for CVD Increased risk due to: 1. High total fat 2. High saturated fat3. High cholesterol intake4. Low intake of omega-3 fatty acids5. High trans-fatty acids6. Low intake of fiber, fruits, vegetables7. Low intake of antioxidants, vitamin E
30Preventing Cancer Through Diet Energy intakeObesityDepends on site of cancer & other factorsPhysical activityAlcoholFat and fatty acidsOmega-3, MUFA-in Mediterranean: protectiveTrans-fatty acid: increased risk for breast cancerAnimal fat: correlation with colon cancer and prostrate cancer.
31Which Diet Factors Affect Cancer Risk? Red meats and processed meatsSmokingFiber-rich foodsFolate and antioxidant vitaminsCalcium and vitamin DFood phytochemicals