What is a Vegan? A strict vegetarian; someone who eats no animal or dairy products at all Such as Milk or Cheese However – There are many types of vegans, and not all vegans are so strict.
Common reasons for a vegan diet Morally Animal Welfare Religion Avoid Hormones or additives in processed food
Vegan Diet : PRO Health Benefits Healthy skin, Hair, and Nails From consuming vitamins like A&E Less Fat consumption Less weight problems Moral Justification Risk of heart disease and cancer has been correlated to go down with a vegan diet.
Vegan Diet: CON Difficult to find: Protein Calcium Animal Fat Immune system Respiratory System Cellular Communication Many vegans are forced to take supplements to maintain a balanced diet Humans are by nature: Omnivore
Historical Context Vegetarianism was first mentioned by the Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras of Samos around 500 B.C.E. Meatless lifestyles never caught on in the west until a strict religious sect named Ephrata Cloister founded in 1732 in Pennsylvania, advocated vegetarianism. The first vegan society was established in 1847 in England
Historical Context (Cont.) Reverend Sylvester Graham, inventor of Graham Crackers, cofounded The American Vegetarian Society. The 18 th century utilitarian Jeremy Bentham believed that animal suffering was just as serious human suffering. In 1944 a British woodworker named Donald Watson announced that because vegetarians ate dairy and eggs, he was going to create a new term called vegan.
Historical Context (Cont.) 3 months after Watson coined his new term, he announced his new term was pronounced vee- gan not vee-jan. By 2005, there were approximately 250,000 self identifying vegans in Britain. The U.S. had over 2 million.
Impact on the U.S. [T]hose who claim to care about the well-being of human beings and the preservation of our environment should become vegetarians[vegans] for that reason alone. They would thereby increase the amount of grain available to feed people elsewhere, reduce pollution, save water and energy, and cease contributing to the clearing of forests.… [W]hen non-vegetarians[non-vegans] say that human problems come first I cannot help wondering what exactly it is that they are doing for human beings that compels them to continue to support the wasteful, ruthless exploitation of farm animals. Peter Singer, Animal Liberation, 1990
Impact on the U.S. (Cont.) Prison in California adopted a NEWSTART program including a vegan diet 85% of inmates entering the prison agreed to the NEWSTART PROGRAM Under the vegan diet Victor Valley had less than 2% recidivism rate
Impact on the U.S. (Cont.) Vegan diet lowers blood glucose and lipids in type 2 diabetics Study shows A1C (tracks blood sugar) fell 1.23 pts in vegan diet compared to 0.38 pts Weight decrease 14.3 lbs in vegan diet compared to 6.6 lbs in control
Money spending Being a vegan can effect your money spending. Normally meat eaters would spend at least $27.35 a day for breakfast lunch and dinner. When a vegan would only spend $23.60. the vegetarian saves $3.50 over the meat eater.
Solutions? If there are benefits to a vegan lifestyle for the individual and for the environment, the goal would be to encourage people to eat less meat. One option would be a public service campaign. Heres an example of a short animated clip that could be shown on TV. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oj8fA4l2mc Q&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oj8fA4l2mc Q&feature=related
Solutions? The question is to what extent a vegan diet helps the environment. If vegan food products are heavily processed or come from far away, they can be just as environmental damaging as eating meat.
Solutions? The vegan diet results in significantly lower weight which would result fewer issues with weight related illnesses like heart disease, high blood pressure and diabetes.