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DIET PILLS Jennifer Qing. What are diet pills? Pills that claim to make you lose weight.

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Presentation on theme: "DIET PILLS Jennifer Qing. What are diet pills? Pills that claim to make you lose weight."— Presentation transcript:

1 DIET PILLS Jennifer Qing

2 What are diet pills? Pills that claim to make you lose weight.

3 TYPES OF DIET PILLS Appetite-Suppressants Reduce hunger How they work – affects certain neurotransmitters to decrease appetite – Increases heart rate and blood pressure – Increases serotonin and catecholamine levels Ingredients – CitriMax (HCA) Inhibits an enzyme called ATP-Citrate Lyase Blocks the conversion of carbohydrates into fat – Hoodia gordonii – Green Tea Extract – Garcinia Cambogia: raises amount of serotonin in body reduces appetite – Caffeine: briefly suppresses appetite

4 TYPES OF DIET PILLS CONT. Hoodia Diet Pills Type of appetite suppressant Made from isolated ingredient in Hoodia Gordonii plant Plant found in the Kalahari Desert of South Africa Makes brain think youre full Active molecule is called P57 – As it is passed to the brain, it helps controlling the appetite

5 TYPES OF DIET PILLS CONT. Fat Burners (Thermogenic Diet Pills) Contain stimulants that can decrease fat absorption and/or increase muscle mass Ingredients help your body use body fat as a source of fuel for energy Ingredients – Green tea – Chromium stabilizing blood sugar levels help reduce sugar cravings

6 Fat Blockers prevent the lipases in the digestive system from breaking down and storing the fat you ingest Ingredients – Chitosan combined with other fiber ingredients Absorbs fat and is a fiber (not broken down by body) When taken, it absorbs fat as it passes through the bodys digestive system Takes the fat out of the body with it Prevents fat from being stored TYPES OF DIET PILLS CONT.

7 Carbohydrate Blockers inhibits the enzymes evolved in the break down of carbohydrates into stored fat Ingredients – phaselous vulgaris Inhibits a certain enzyme in the body (The enzyme that breaks down carbohydrates into glucose, which is stored in the body as fat) Discharges the carbohydrates from the body before they enter the bloodstream – Chromium Picolinate and Alpha Lipoic Acid Regulate insulin reduce sugar cravings and feel full This type of diet pill still under experimentation

8 TYPES OF DIET PILLS CONT. Antioxidants Ex. Acai berry extract – Rich in antioxidants, fights free radicals Prevent cell oxidization and improve energy levels – Improving energy level is helpful if stress is the main cause of your weight gain. Vitamins C, E and A are antixodants – Need to be administered carefully – Vitamins A and E are fat-soluble and lead to toxicity if taken in high amounts

9 A CLOSER LOOK AT SOME INGREDIENTS Garcinia cambogia Found in India The active ingredient: hydroxycitric acid Suppressed appetite and enhance fat burning Supposed to suppress enzymatic activity of citrate lyase, which is responsible for the breakdown of excess carbohydrates into fat storage

10 A CLOSER LOOK AT SOME INGREDIENTS CONT. Gymnema Gymnema sylvestre is a plant found in India and other parts of Asia The active ingredient: gymnemic acid Helps balance sugar levels Gymnemic acid molecules are similar to glucose molecules – They inhibit glucose cell receptors prevents uptake of sugar molecules

11 WHERE TO BUY Prescription Prescribed to obese individuals with a BMI of 35 or more These pills have more serious side-effects contain prescription ingredients, such as Phentermine and Bontril These pills are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Center for Drug Evaluation and Research Ex. Meridia and Xenical Over-the-counter Wide range of effectiveness Products considered by FDA to be over-the-counter weight control drugs [as opposed to dietary supplements] are primarily those containing the active ingredient phenylpropanolamine

12 CONSEQUENCES/SIDE AFFECTS Some Possible General side effects: high blood pressure, irregular heart rate, sleep problems, nervousness, seizures, insomnia, acne, nose bleeds Excessive weight loss can be dangerous Diet pills are not considered to be an addictive drug – But people can become dependent on diet pills

13 POTENTIALLY HARMFUL PRODUCTS (IDENTIFIED BY FDA OR OTHER CONSUMER WATCH GROUPS) Aristolochic Acid associated with permanent kidney damage Can develop certain types of cancers Ephedra Also known as Ma-huang Chemically similar to methamphetamine, which is speed Herbal weight loss tea/Dieters tea Marketed as natural laxatives Ineffective method of weight loss Can result in bowel dependency (constipation) on the laxative properties Tiratricol Triiodothyroacetic acid, or TRIAC A strong thyroid hormone Linked to stroke and heart attacks

14 ARE DIET PILLS A GOOD OPTION FOR WEIGHT LOSS? No. Should not rely on diet pills to lose weight They are not a long-term solution and they come with the risk of side effects! According to surveys, constant and long term weight control is not possible by simply taking diet pills If you have not solved the problem that caused you to be overweight in the first place, the weight will return.

15 HOW YOU SHOULD LOSE WEIGHT Diet pills may help you get started on losing weight In the long run, its about making lifestyle changes Instead of relying on pills, change eating and exercising habits

16 Sources: n/diet-pill.htm n/diet-pill.htm ills.html ills.html m m ehind_diet_pills ehind_diet_pills ption-diet-pills-history-of-fda.html ption-diet-pills-history-of-fda.html

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