Presentation on theme: "THE LATEST FAD DIETS Is it Magic or Madness? Sanirose S. Orbeta, MS, RD, FADA Consulting Clinical & Sports Nutritionist."— Presentation transcript:
THE LATEST FAD DIETS Is it Magic or Madness? Sanirose S. Orbeta, MS, RD, FADA Consulting Clinical & Sports Nutritionist
What is a FAD Diet? It is simply weight loss diet that has become very popular quickly and then falls out just as fast. It is simply weight loss diet that has become very popular quickly and then falls out just as fast. A short term quick food fix. A short term quick food fix. Latest Craze Diet Latest Craze Diet
How Can I Spot A FAD Diet? Sounds to good to be true, it probably is. Lose 15 lbs in 7 days! Sounds to good to be true, it probably is. Lose 15 lbs in 7 days! Recommends using a single food on a very consistent basis. Recommends using a single food on a very consistent basis. Promises quick and easy weight loss with no effort. Promises quick and easy weight loss with no effort. Guarantees an outcome in a specified time period. Guarantees an outcome in a specified time period.
How Can I Spot A FAD Diet? Eliminates an entire food group such as carbohydrates or dairy products. Eliminates an entire food group such as carbohydrates or dairy products. Suggest special products or require dietary supplements. Suggest special products or require dietary supplements. Require certain foods be eaten at particular times of the day. Require certain foods be eaten at particular times of the day. Promise magical quick results. Promise magical quick results.
Reaction to All These Published Popular Fad Diets Media Hype New Age Products Personal Stress Family Habits and Tradition Misinformation and Misinterpretation Hearsay Nutrition CONFUSION Work Pressure Existing Medical Condition
Common Reasons Why People Select Popular FAD Diets 1. Promises instant results on looks, appearances and physical comfort. 2. Medical or health reason is secondary. 3. Weight suggested by Doctors or Health Care Professional is ignored. 4. Recommended 5-10% weight loss at starting baseline is too little but reduction of 32% is the unrealistic expectation.
High-Protein FAD Diets Rapid weight loss at all cost Fast weight loss minimizes health problems Eating plenty of meat and protein products is easy, cheap and always available Goals:
Analysis of the Current Popular FAD Diets AcceptableQuestionable 1. Traditional Food Guide Pyramid 2. Weight Watchers Dieting with the Duchess 3. Mediterranean Diet 4. Volumetrics 5. Eat More, Weigh Less 6. Choose to Lose 1. Cohen Diet 2. Dukan Diet 3. HCG Diet 4. Paleo Diet 5. 17 Days Diet 6. Negative Calorie Diet 7. Hollywood Diet 8. Sacred Heart Diet
Cohen Diet High Pro – Low CHO, Low Sugar Diet. Examines your personal Blood profile to give you a personalize Meal Plan. Meals are strictly measured in gram. 150 gm. – 170 gm or 50 gm of CHO. Basic Cal. – 600 cal. Diet – 1600 cal per day
Dukan Diet Protein Based – To redesign your eating habit to include a 4 phase program. Phase I. – Attack phase Phase II. – Cruise stage Phase III. – Consolidation phase Phase IV. – Stabilization phase
Preposterous Theories Fueling the High-Protein Craze 1. Obesity is due to metabolic reasons not overeating 2. Calorie restriction is not necessary 3. Too much carbohydrates produces excess insulin thus leading to insulin resistance and weight gain
Preposterous Theories Fueling the High-Protein Craze 4. Fat does not make you fat only carbohydrates does 5. Ketosis and lipolysis are the most efficient way to make you slim 6. Syndrome X may benefit from low- carb
Why do High-Protein, Low Carbohydrate Diets Work in Some People? 1. There is overall calorie restriction 2. Rapid weight loss is due to water loss 3. Ketosis induces appetite suppression
Some Popular Diets Classified According to Their Nutrient Composition Type of diet Fat % kcals CHO % kcals Protein % kcals I. High-fat, Low-CHO Diet II. Moderate-fat, Balanced Low - Calorie Reduction Diet III. Low- and Very-low-fat Diet 50-40% 20-30% <10-20% <20% 55-60% >65% 25-30% 15-20% 10-20% Source: Popular Diets – A Scientific Review by M. Freedman et. al
I. High-Fat Low CHO 1414 Calorie Diet Fat 60% CHO 10% Protein 30% 1420 calories each Abundance of Choice
Verdict of Science High-protein diets which bans carbohydrate is a danger to your health and should be avoided Diets that go for a single specific nutrients or food components to avoid are not advisable
George Bray, MD - Low-CHO Diets and Weight Loss Weight loss was predicted by total calorie intake, diet duration but not by CHO content alone. Verdict of Science
Efficacy and safety of Low-Cal Diets – A Systematic Review By Bravata, Sanders, Huang et. al. Diets that restricted calorie intake, used longer in duration were associated with weight loss rather than CHO intake.
Scientific Review of Popular Diets By Freedman, King and Kennedy Weight Loss Short term high-fat, low-CHO causes a great loss of body water rather than body fat when these diet ends water weight is regained. All reduced calorie diets results in body fat loss if sustained long term.
Our Role as Health Professional in this Dieting Dilemma Its our duty to inform the public of these misleading claims and deceptive statements React continually to health misinformation High risk to consumers must be clear
Obesity Crisis is Entirely Preventable not with FADS Diet Through Healthy Diet, Routine Exercise and behavioral modification 1. Develop good eating habits - Balancing calories consumed with correct calorie output.
Calorie = Energy Intake Expended Energy Balance for Scientific Weight Loss Program Calories not used as energy become excess body weight