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Irish Diet Food in Nineteenth Century Mainly potatoes and milk for poor Homemade bread and porridge also used Lacked vitamins A and D. Meat was introduced.

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Presentation on theme: "Irish Diet Food in Nineteenth Century Mainly potatoes and milk for poor Homemade bread and porridge also used Lacked vitamins A and D. Meat was introduced."— Presentation transcript:

1 Irish Diet Food in Nineteenth Century Mainly potatoes and milk for poor Homemade bread and porridge also used Lacked vitamins A and D. Meat was introduced as livestock farming became more popular Potato provided starch, fibre and vit C. White bread and tea introduced during the second half of the century (c) PDST Home Economics

2 Food in Nineteenth Century ctnd... Sugar consumption increased greatly in nineteenth century Increase in consumption of dairy products and meat which led to a huge increase in intakes of fat Bacon and eggs became popular breakfast foods among middle class but porridge still eaten as first course

3 Food in Twentieth Century Transport infrastructure (rail and road) improved early in 20 th © People in rural areas began to have access to shop foods Meat considered a luxury early in 20 th © which caused anaemia Women made sure men and children were fed while often going hungry Urban areas were spilt with the wealthy having good diets and poor having poor diets

4 Food in Twentieth Century Ctnd… During World War 1, ( ) lack of vitamins caused diseases such as rickets. People were more susceptible to diseases such as TB (tuberculosis), scarlet fever and measles. 1930s – diet still quite low in fat and high in carbs Food availability improved after World War 2 (1939 – 1945) Fat and protein intake increased (meat, poultry, dairy)

5 Changes in Irish Diet Potato consumption declined late 20 th © Between mid 30s and 40s fruit and veg consumption increased but fell sharply again in late 80s Demand for common veg fell but for other varieties increased Fruit consumption in Ireland is still only half the European average Red meat has become the most popular choice

6 Changes in Irish Diet Ctnd… Fish consumption is very low compared to other European countries Irish diet has a higher intake of fresh milk than any other EU country Low fat butter spreads have become increasingly popular Recently been a sharp rise in use of olive oil (reduces risk of CHD) Ireland has one of the highest sugar intakes in Europe

7 Slán Survey % of males and 27% of females were overweight 14% of males and 12% of females were obese Only 35% of respondents reported eating 6 or more portions of cereals, bread and potatoes 69% reported eating the RDA of four or more portions of fruit and veg Only 17% reported eating sparingly from top shelf of food pyramid

8 Slán Survey 2002 ctnd… Irish people consume almost twice the RDA of salt (4g per day) Food labels were read by 66% of respondents 29% ate the recommended three servings from dairy shelf 39% ate RDA of two servings from meat, fish and eggs shelf 9.9% consumed fried foods more than four times per week

9 Weekly Household Food Expenditure


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