Presentation on theme: "The Mediterranean Diet Myth or Fact"— Presentation transcript:
1The Mediterranean Diet Myth or Fact RADIA MEHALAINE, M.D.Health EducatorClinical Instructor
2Another fad diet ? The Seven Countries Study American Heart AssociationLyon Diet Heart Study50%-70% less coronary eventsAlpha-Linolenic Acid?Linoleic Acid?The Seven Countries StudyCretan Diet: lowest incidence of heart disease.Finland Diet: highest rate of coronary events.
3Mediterranean Diet What is Mediterranean diet? Birthplace and origin Incidence of Heart DiseaseQuestion of LongevityNew fusion Culinary Trend in upscale restaurants
4Commun Characteristics Generous amount of fruits, vegetables and whole grains.Small portions of nuts and seeds.Healthy fats such as olive oil.Moderate amounts of dairy products, poultry and fish on a regular basis.Little amounts of red and processed meatsLow to moderate amounts of alcohol
8Healthy Heart Diet or Lifestyle? LONGEVITYCHILDHOOD MORBIDITY
9Heart-Healthy Diet or Healthy Lifestyle Not so much the diet itself, as the groups of foods it promotes.Fruits, vegetables, fish, legumes, cereals, nuts and olive oil .
10The balance and variety of foods Fresh ProduceProcessed Meats
11The size of servingsEat when you are hungryAll you can eat all day
12What color are you eating? Multicolors, more NutrientsOne color, fried & Supersize it!!
13Health Benefits Metabolic Syndrome Research has scientifically proven the many health benefits of the Mediterranean Diet. It has been proven that the Mediterranean Diet helps reduce the risk of:Metabolic SyndromeCoronary heart disease: decreases LDL and increases HDLHypertensionCancersStrokeDiabetesAlzheimer’s disease
14Clinical trials CLINICAL STUDIES PREDIMED StudyStanford School of Medecine in CaliforniaNorthwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in ChicagoThe Hale ProjectEmory University StudySecond University of NaplesFederico II UniversityMaris Study/Wagening UniversityUniversity of MichiganWalter Reed Army Medical Center
15PREDIMED STUDYMediterranean Diet with supplement of olive oil or mixed nuts vs Low-Fat DietHigh cardiovascular riskIn the absence of weight loss or increase in physical activity.Mediterranean diet beats Low-Fat diet in lowering heart disease risk (BP, LDL, BS) after 3 months.
16Stanford School of Medecine in California Lowers levels of inflammation markers linked to heart disease: CRPAnti-oxidant components in fruits and vegetables.Painkiller action of OleocanthalNSAID’s action50g of olive oil supplies 200mg of Oleocanthal
17The HALE ProjectMediterranean Diet, Lifestyle Factors and Mortality rate in healthy elderly11 european countries70 – 90 year old1988 – 2000Mediterranean diet and Healthy lifestyle linked to 50% decrease in mortality rate from all causes.
18Federico II University Mediterranean vs Low-Carbohydrate Diet and effect on Postprandial Lipid Anomalies and Glucose control in Type 2 DiabetesMediterranean Diet Lowers Postprandial Lipemia in NIDDM.
19Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago. Minnesota Breast Cancer Family StudyIt ‘s in the Olive OilOleic acid in Olive oil blocks the action of a cancer causing oncogene- HER-2/neu.
20Second University of Naples Second University of Naples Effect of a Mediterranean Diet on patients diagnosed with Metabolic Syndrome but without cardiovascular disease or other risk factors.
21MARIS STUDYEffects of MUFA and Medirerranean Diet on Hyperinsulinemia and other components of the Metabolic Syndrome.
22Alzheimer’s Disease(WebMD) New research links a Mediterranean diet rich in fruits, vegetables, fish, legumes, cereals, and olive oil to a lower risk of Alzheimer’s disease and Vascular Dementia.2250 older New Yorkers in their 70’s262 cases of Alzheimer after 5 yearsParticipants on Mediterranean Diet: 40% LESS
23My living proof of the benefits of a Traditional Mediteranean Diet Never traded her healthyLibaneese diet for theAmerican Processed fast foodHer Secret: Small amounts of everything; an abundance of fruits ,vegetables and nuts,Olive oil in everything
24Mediterranean Diet in Extinction Mediterranean countries succumbs to American diet of fast foods and trans fats.The region’s diet had « decayed into a moribund state »Childhood obesity, diabetes, HBP, High Cholesterol.Metabolic Syndrome and heart disease.