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Diet and diabetes. Reasons for diet Weight control Blood glucose control Prevention and management of short- term and long-term complications of diabetes.

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Presentation on theme: "Diet and diabetes. Reasons for diet Weight control Blood glucose control Prevention and management of short- term and long-term complications of diabetes."— Presentation transcript:

1 Diet and diabetes

2 Reasons for diet Weight control Blood glucose control Prevention and management of short- term and long-term complications of diabetes

3 Dietary recommendations for diabetes Eat starchy foods regularly Eat more fruit and vegetables Reduce animal or saturated fat Cut down on sugar Reduce salt

4 Balancing food choices

5 Eat starchy foods regularly Bread Potatoes Rice Pasta Cereals Plantain Chapatis

6 Eat more fruit and vegetables Fresh Frozen Tinned Dried Juice

7 Choose more high fibre foods To help maintain blood glucose levels and cholesterol levels Fruit Vegetables Pulses Oats Helps to maintain a healthy gut Wholegrain cereals Wholemeal bread Wholewheat pasta Brown rice

8 Reduce animal or saturated fat intake Use low fat milk Use low fat spread instead of butter Use oil high in unsaturated fat, eg olive oil, rapeseed oil

9 Use less fat in cooking Grill Dry-roast Microwave Steam

10 Choose the right sort of fat SATURATED Full fat dairy produce (eg cheese, butter, full cream milk) Pies Biscuits Savoury snacks Lard Hard vegetable fat MONO- UNSATURATED Olive oil Rapeseed oil Groundnut oil POLY- UNSATURATED Sunflower oil (products) Oily fish

11 Cut down on sugary foods Not a sugar free diet Cut out sweets Cut out sugary drinks

12 Choose low sugar products Use diet or low calorie, sugar free drinks

13 Intense sweeteners Tablet Liquid Granulated

14 Avoid diabetic products Cost Laxative effects Focus on sugar free Still raise blood glucose levels Still contain same calories

15 Reduce salt intake Cut down on added salt Use alternative seasonings Look out for reduced/low sodium foods, eg bread Avoid salt substitutes

16 Eat regular meals based on carbohydrate: Breakfast

17 Lunch or snack meal

18 Main meal

19 Weight management and diabetes

20 Be more active

21 Slimming tips Be realistic about your target weight Aim to lose weight gradually Eat regular meals Make small changes you can stick to

22 Drink alcohol in moderation Thats 2 units a day for women 3 units a day for men

23 How many units in your drink? units 1 pint premium strength lager or cider 3 1 pint average strength lager pint average strength cider pint bitter pint stout 2.3 Medium glass (175mls)white or red wine 2.3 Large glass (250mls) white or red wine 3.3 Pub measure (25mls) spirit 1

24 For more information on diabetes

25 Diabetes UK Careline Monday to Friday 9am to 5pm Recorded diabetes information 24hours/day Website -


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