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VTC Workshop On The New Training Model

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Presentation on theme: "VTC Workshop On The New Training Model"— Presentation transcript:

1 VTC Workshop On The New Training Model
Organized By: Vocational Training Corporation (VTC) and K-UTECH/ UHTM Consultants, Malaysia Project: Restructuring the VTC Component, Employer-Driven Skills Development (EDSD) Project Date: 28 & 30 November 2011 Venue: Crowne Plaza Hotel, Amman UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

2 The Development of the New Training Model
In-conjunction to the New VTC Restructuring towards 21st Century practices. UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

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Training Models development steps 4 Business Model Training Model Finance Model Governance Model 3 2 1 UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

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From TOR responsiveness relevance cost-effectiveness efficiency accountability sustainability + PPP Quality Assurance Internal Quality Control Jordan National Agenda Input UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

5 VTC Role in National Agenda
In the “Employment Support and Vocational Training theme”, and within its recommendations related to reforming TVET sector to align its training programs according to labour market needs, - National Agenda recommended restructuring VTC to become a New Skills Development Agency, and guaranteeing its autonomous financial and governance systems. UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

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VTC roles & functions Leadership Excellence Provision & Delivery Vocational Training Services Classify Labors Shops Support Small & Medium Enterprises Community Labor Market Values, Principles and Concepts: 1. Commitment and loyalty to the VTC. 2. Team work spirit. 3. Transparency. 4. High performance and professionalism. 5. Provide training for everyone. 6. Continuous training. 7. Subjectivity. 8. Management by facts. 9. Flexibility and responsiveness to changes. Vision Missions 1 2 3 4 Training & Preparing Competetive Highly Qualified Raising their Efficiency via designing assessing evaluating according highest standard of quality partnering employers civil society institutions Occupational Safety & Health Training Trainers Supervisors Classifying Labors Shops according to Accredited National Occupatonal Standards Small & Medium Enterprises Delivering Services Establish Develop UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

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primary school (MoE) semi-skilled skilled craftsman secondary school vocational school 7,8,9 world of work continuous dropouts 3 1 2 UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

8 TVET: a complex socio-economic system
Some backgrounds and guiding aspects Interrelationships between TVET and Labour Market Matching vs. Mismatching Qualifications: Demand Side Qualifications: Supply Side “Employment system“ Industrial Needs VTC VTC / TVET Provider Initital Training Labour Market Further Training Training and Working Working and Training UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan Source: S.Harry(2008)

9 TVET: a complex socio-economic system
Some backgrounds and guiding aspects Action Fields Labour & Market Driven TVET TVET system/ -policy Transition Training / Employment (Law/Regulations, Institution, Financing, Organisation) TVET research Vocational Guidance / Orientation Development of Occupations/Qualification Identification of Training Demands Teaching&Learning, Didactics&Methods Analysis of occupational supply/demand (Curricula, Media, Quality, Testing, Certification and regional labour markets Training of TVET Staff Prognosis of labour markets Technology oriented Training Actions to support labour market (Occupational / Skills Standards ) Management of TVET Institutions Employment & occupational statistics Specific Target Groups Specific Target Groups Knowledge Management UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan Source: S.Harry(2008)

10 Main Issues and Challenges to VTC
The negative image of vocational education and training. Weak academic level of VTC trainees. Training program closed track. Modest participation of the private sector in training programs design, implementation and evaluation. Limited financial resources available to VTC. Modest female participation in training programs and low participation rates of females graduates in labour market. Irrelevance of some training programs with Labour Market needs. Inconsistent current laws and regulations governing VTC that obstruct its development. In the west they have had several hundred years of economic transition and educational development. But this development has been compressed in these new models and they are more appropriate for countries that want to do the same. Singapore cooperation with World Bank Much of the development process in the last 40 years has been dominated by the multinational institutions. They for much of their existence were in turn dominated by the old system and ruled by academics. The rapid development models that were implemented by these countries went against many of the principles, conventional and academic wisdom of the time. Although the development projects around the world that were done have had positive effect but it has also burdened education systems with a western centric 19th century model of education ruled by academics The new innovations now are coming from skills training, models being put forth and used by rapidly developing countries thinking outside the system and breaking with conventional wisdom The systems and practices put into place the Asian tigers and other Asian countries are fertile ground for looking for new ideas and innovations One of the purposes of the research that has been done is to highlight some of these practises for consideration by Jordan These can be modified and adapted to the needs and situation of Jordan Source : DG Presentation KL UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

11 Main Development Challenges in TVET Changes
Human capital is increasingly seen as the major determinant of the wealth and well-being of countries in Jordan. Skills inequalities and the labour market are growing. Gender issues and inequalities in various training industries. Workers’ skills demand are dramatically changing and not fulfilled by the existing public or private training programmes. Quality And Accreditation Standard with various skills Drastic Change of Technology need to change the training needs simultaneously. Changes in the world labour force Global production systems and shifts in employment Skills shortages emerge worldwide Conditions of work: Rebalancing flexibility and security Stable employment relations with flexible working time UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

12 Planning for TVET Models for 21st Century
In the west they have had several hundred years of economic transition and educational development. But this development has been compressed in these new models and they are more appropriate for countries that want to do the same. Singapore cooperation with World Bank Much of the development process in the last 40 years has been dominated by the multinational institutions. They for much of their existence were in turn dominated by the old system and ruled by academics. The rapid development models that were implemented by these countries went against many of the principles, conventional and academic wisdom of the time. Although the development projects around the world that were done have had positive effect but it has also burdened education systems with a western centric 19th century model of education ruled by academics The new innovations now are coming from skills training, models being put forth and used by rapidly developing countries thinking outside the system and breaking with conventional wisdom The systems and practices put into place the Asian tigers and other Asian countries are fertile ground for looking for new ideas and innovations One of the purposes of the research that has been done is to highlight some of these practises for consideration by Jordan These can be modified and adapted to the needs and situation of Jordan " Tell me and I'll forget; show me and I may remember; involve me and I'll understand. " UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

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TVET 21st Century What is the primary Characteristics of the 21st Century? Change brought about by Technology How fast is technology changing? How this impacts, how we teach and what we teach. What can we do to adjust the TVET System to this? Now we are in the kn?owledge economy phase what does this mean? How does this effect education? UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

14 The Workplace is Changing
New technologies bring new methods of working Workers are going to have to learn many new things as they come along Life-long learning will not be only be a desired trait but an absolute necessity. Communication, collaboration, leadership, innovation, creativity, cooperation and other soft skills become increasingly important. UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

15 21st Century Educational Trends
Adaptive approach – awareness of what is happening in the world. Programs should included frequent benchmarking to International bodies and standards. Life long learning for students, teachers and administrators. Develop support programs for new content, teaching and learning tools. UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

16 Consequences to restructuring VTC The new Training Model needed
Malaysia TVET System Model’s; Learning The Training Model from selected Countries; Consequences to restructuring VTC The new Training Model needed “Hands-on, Minds-on and Hearts-on” Education Source: Institute of Technical Education. UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

17 Indonesia Edu. Systems Model’s;
Learning The Training Model from selected Countries; UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

18 Philippines TVET Model’s;
Learning The Training Model from selected Countries; Philippines National Qualification Framework Source: UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

19 UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan
German TVET Model’s; Learning The Training Model from selected Countries; UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

20 Thailand TVET Model’s;
Learning The Training Model from selected Countries; The Technical and vocational education system in Thailand. UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

21 Australia TVET Model’s;
UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

22 Australia TVET Assesment Model’s;
Assessment Teaching Learning Education systems National objectives Industry systems Purposes Forms Content Context School education Technical & vocational education & training Higher education Productivity Efficiency Competitiveness Participation Equity Industry & occupation structure Labour force Age profile Skills profile Qualification structures Models of learning Assessment system Quality assurance Program evaluation Select & sort Promote learning Certification & licensing Effectiveness Efficiency Equity Learning outcomes Standardised Common tasks Performance assessment Portfolio construction What should be assessed? What do learners know? What can learners do? UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

23 Singapore TVET Model’s;
“Hands-on, Minds-on and Hearts-on” Education Source: Institute of Technical Education. UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

24 Singapore TVET Model’s;
“Hands-on, Minds-on and Hearts-on” Education Source: Institute of Technical Education. UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

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Basic Elements of an Effective & Efficient Training Programme Encourage modular, flexible and job oriented training programmes design and implementation. Effective when applied to different participants level or sectors. Producing cost-effective results in both large and small training undertakings. Producing training programmes that can be evaluated to certain standard and accreditation. UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

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Basic Elements of an Effective & Efficient Training Programme Consistent with the development of systematic training Establishing cost-effective employment oriented training methodology with the development of employable skills; Apply a demand driven training approach taking into account identified training needs. Encourage proving provisions for “life -long learning”. Integration of work related generic skills UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

28 TVET Dimensions includes
TRAINING CERTIFICATION STANDARDISATION IDENTIFICATION: UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

29 Design of Training Delivery
Tools, Machines Components Registration Job Sheet PPC Contract Packaging QC Competency Based Edu training UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

30 (focuses attention on outcomes)
DEFINITION OF COMPETENCE “Competence is defined as the application of skills, knowledge and attitudes to perform tasks to industrial and commercial standards under operating conditions” (focuses attention on outcomes) UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

31 UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan
COMPETENCY-BASED MANDATORY REGISTRATION TRAINING REGULATIONS MANDATORY ASSESSMENT TRAINING STANDARDS CURRICULUM FACULTY TOOLS/ EQUIPMENT FACILITIES COMPETENCY STANDARDS KNOWLEDGE SKILLS ATTITUDE INDUSTRY COMPETENCY ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENT ASSESSORS CRITERIA ASSESSMENT VENUES HOW TO TEACH WHAT TO LEARN HOW TO TEST UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

32 Standards, Curricula, Testing and Certification
Scope and content: Scope: Local, national, regional, international. Content: Level 1: work ethics (normative) Level 2: academic (adaptive) Level 3: specific skills (productive) Who decide the scope and content: A committee: teachers/education experts, employers, government, professional association Standard Setting Curricula Development Methods/approaches: Recognition of Prior Learning Holistic assessment: Portfolio, knowledge test, observation Who should assess? Assessment committee representing independent assessors Assessment Certification and Recognition Who should issue the certificate? How wide is the populations? UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

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Standards? Standards are norms/specifications of a job or work activities, which are recognized and considered as such by a corporate body that includes workers, employers, training institutions and public sector. Why Have Standards? Training provided does not meet employer expectations, Meeting the needs of the labour market, Bring training closer to the world of work, Making students/trainees employable, Making the workforce trainable. Open your presentation with an attention-getting incident. Choose an incident your audience relates to. The incidence is the evidence that supports the action and proves the benefit. Beginning with a motivational incident prepares your audience for the action step that follows. UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan 33

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Benefits of Standards Amongst others, are: evaluate education and training providers provide students with a benchmark of relevant knowledge, skills and attitudes, and the motivation for attaining them. training providers being able to adapt course content to prepare graduates with the most current knowledge and skills required by the labour market UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

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Conclusion New, higher technical skills & competencies for exploiting potential of advanced technologies. Demand for key and/or core skills development (work related generic skills) that support adjustment to rapid changes in work organisation, the workplace & world of work in general. UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan

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Cont. Skills & knowledge become rapidly obsolete and there fore, must be renewed continuously; Skills & training as a strategic response to globalisation, technological change & other forces affecting labour markets; As the life span of existing qualifications shortens, there is a greater and urgent need for skills-up-grading, re-training, continuous education and training, as well as lifelong learning. UTHM Holdings & VTC Jordan


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