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Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity Resilience 2014 – Montpellier RuralEst off-site session Catherine Darrot.

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Presentation on theme: "Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity Resilience 2014 – Montpellier RuralEst off-site session Catherine Darrot."— Presentation transcript:

1 Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity Resilience 2014 – Montpellier RuralEst off-site session Catherine Darrot

2 Origin of the questions Research in social sciences : questionning public stereotypes Two stereotypes about small family farms in Poland between 2003 and 2007 Montpelllier – Resilience 2014 RuralEst off-site session Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity - Catherine DARROT

3 Origin of the questions 1. Farm land: small family farms were accused to block farmland market by keeping land, and consequently to limit the potential of development of larger and more active farms 2. Food market: small family farms were accused of low contribution to national economy because of their low qualtity of marketed products Montpelllier – Resilience 2014 RuralEst off-site session Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity - Catherine DARROT

4 Data Montpelllier – Resilience 2014 RuralEst off-site session Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity - Catherine DARROT Drobin 8 monogr. Knyszyn, 15 monogr. Steszew - 10 monogr.Zator, 10 monogr. 41 farm monographs from 2004 to 2006 : deux modalité de ciblage des exploitations

5 Sample 1. Farm land: small family farms were accused to block farmland market by keeping land, and consequently to limit the potential of development of larger and more active farms 2. Food market: small family farms were accused of low contribution to national economy because of their low qualtity of marketed products Montpelllier – Resilience 2014 RuralEst off-site session Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity - Catherine DARROT

6 6 Typology of the trajectory of those 41 peasant-like farms (df Mendars) Two trajectories driving out of the peasant-like model 1. « Heritage » farms 2. Farms evolving toward a specialised/intensified model Three « peasant-like » trajectories 1. Semi-subsistence farms 2. Intensified peasant-like marlet-related farm 3. Diversification of rural activities Montpelllier – Resilience 2014 RuralEst off-site session Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity - Catherine DARROT

7 7 Typologie des exploitations : REVENUS Montpelllier – Resilience 2014 RuralEst off-site session Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity - Catherine DARROT

8 1st non-market process Farm land transfer Montpelllier – Resilience 2014 RuralEst off-site session Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity - Catherine DARROT

9 Farm Land 1. One wide-spread phenomenon: Non- formal land renting 1. Yearly 2. From one small, less-active farm to a larger, more active farm Montpelllier – Resilience 2014 RuralEst off-site session Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity - Catherine DARROT

10 Farm Land 1. One wide-spread phenomenon: Non- formal land renting 1. Reversibility ! When land needed Land back to the small farm 2. (4 cases in our sample = 10 % of the total sample) Tchayanovian cycle! When family gets larger / when unemployment (farm = « life inssurance ») Montpelllier – Resilience 2014 RuralEst off-site session Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity - Catherine DARROT

11 FarmsArea owned Area realy farmed Difference in ha K Z11,28 0 Z35,35 0 Z63,21- 2,2 K25,653,15- 2,5 K139,8311,832 D68,54 0 D711 0 S362,25-3,75 S5330 S73,52,5 Average ha Our sample: Land use of small farms with reduced activity or only for semi-subsistence Montpelllier – Resilience 2014 RuralEst off-site session Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity - Catherine DARROT

12 Our sample: Land use of farms with a more significant activity Montpelllier – Resilience 2014 RuralEst off-site session Area declared (visible instatistics) Area realy farmed thanks to unformal land rent Difference Average 15,420,4 + 4,9 ha Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity - Catherine DARROT

13 Farm Land 1. One wide-spread phenomenon: Non- formal land renting 1. Non-market process 1. « Active » farmer runs the land for free and keeps it in good conditions 2. Owner claims EU funds = « Rent » 2. Cycle: reversibility Montpelllier – Resilience 2014 RuralEst off-site session Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity - Catherine DARROT

14 2nd non-market process Food transfer Montpelllier – Resilience 2014 RuralEst off-site session Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity - Catherine DARROT

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17 Farm « Linked- couple/family » Food gifts support Direct marketing of raw farm products Market intermediary actors Marketed farm products Potatoes Poultry and eggs Milk

18 Crossing -Farm monographs: Sociologic and economic quantitative and qualitative data With - National statistic data: demography of farming and rural sector The food volumes concerned by processes 1 and 2 can be estimated And framed between a ground value and a top value Top value - Maximal number of Polish farms(source GUS : 2,38 millions) - The volumes of food concerned in the families where they are the highest (monographs) Ground value - Minimal number of Polish farms (source Eurostat : 1,13 millions) - The volumes of food concerned in the families where they are lower (monographs) Montpelllier – Resilience 2014 RuralEst off-site session Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity - Catherine DARROT

19 (Approche anthropologique – Sources : données de terrain de lauteur)

20 Food autonomy in an « average » Polish familly farm: 70 % 41 monographs familiales Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity - Catherine DARROT

21 Top valuesGround values % of the national population % of the food concerned % of the national population % of the food concerned Persons living on the farm30,50%18%14%8% « Linked » family9,40%5%4%1,30% Enlarged family15%1,50%7%0,20% Local society17%4%8%0,40% Total72%29%33%10% Framing the reality

22 As a carefull indication, the average between the ground and top values are; Population concerned by non-marketed food (average)52% Proportion of the national food concerned in volumes (average) 19% We want to estimate here the % of the non-matketed Polish food And the % of the population benefiting of it Carefull : This study does not include urban food gardens, which also contribute for potentially high quantities Montpelllier – Resilience 2014 RuralEst off-site session Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity - Catherine DARROT

23 Question 1. Those data are not recent 1. What about the current situation ? Montpelllier – Resilience 2014 RuralEst off-site session Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity - Catherine DARROT

24 Thank you for your attention Montpelllier – Resilience 2014 RuralEst off-site session Non-market contribution to national economy of Polish farming activity - Catherine DARROT


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