Presentation on theme: "Learning Objectives The changing face of U.S. business"— Presentation transcript:
1Learning Objectives The changing face of U.S. business The scope of the international marketing taskThe importance of the self-reference criterion (SRC) in international marketingThe progression of becoming a global marketerThe increasing importance of global awareness
2Events and Trends Affecting Global Business The rapid growth of the World Trade Organization and regional free trade areasThe trend toward the acceptance of the free market system among developing countries in Latin America, Asia, and eastern EuropeThe burgeoning impact of the Internet, mobile phones, and other global media on the dissolution of national bordersThe mandate to properly manage the resources and global environment for the generations to come
3International Marketing Defined International marketing is the performance of business activities designed to plan, price, promote, and direct the flow of a company’s goods and services to consumers or users in more than one nation for a profit.
4The International Marketing Task Insert Exhibit 1.3
5Environmental Adaptation Needed Be able to interpret effectively the influence and impact of the culture in which you hope to do businessCultural adjustmentsEstablish a frame of referenceAvoid measuring and assessing markets against the fixed values and assumptions of your own culture
6The Self-Reference Criterion and Ethnocentrism The key to successful international marketing is adaptation to the environmental differences from one market to another.A Primary obstacle is – self-reference criterionSRC is an unconscious reference to one’s own cultural values, experiences, and knowledge as a basis for decisions.Ethnocentrism is the notion that one’s own culture or company knows best how to do things.
7The Self-Reference Criterion Dangers of the SRC:Failing to recognize the need to take actionDiscounting the cultural differences that existReacting to a situation in a way offensive to your hostsEthnocentrism and the SRC can influence an evaluation of the appropriateness of a domestically designed marketing mix for a foreign market.The most effective way to control the influence of ethnocentrism and the SRC is to recognize their effects on our behavior.
8Framework for Cross-cultural Analysis Define the business problem or goal in home-country cultural traits, habits, or norms.Define the business problem or goal in foreign-country cultural traits, habits, or norms through consultation with natives of the target country. Make no value judgments.Isolate the SRC influence in the problem and examine it carefully to see how it complicates the problem.Redefine the problem without the SRC influence and solve for the optimum business goal situation.
9Developing a Global Awareness Tolerance of cultural differences:Understanding cultural differences and accepting and working with others whose behavior may be differentKnowledge of cultures, history, world market potential, global economic, social, and political trendsApproaches to global awareness:Select individual managers specifically for their demonstrated global awarenessDevelop personal relationships in other countriesHave a culturally diverse senior executive staff
10Stages of International Marketing Involvement No direct foreign marketingInfrequent foreign marketingRegular foreign marketingInternational marketingGlobal marketing
12SummaryThe internationalization of American business is proceeding with increasing pace.The globalization of markets and competition necessitates all managers to pay attention to the global environment.International marketing is defined as the performance of business activities across national borders.Environmental differences such as laws, customs, and cultures must be taken into account if firms are to market products and services at a profit in other countries.
13Summary (continued)Self-reference criteria and ethnocentrism limit the international marketer’s abilities to understand and adapt to differences prevalent in foreign markets. Solutions:Global awarenessSensitivityStrategic orientations found among managers of international marketing operations:Domestic market extension orientationMultidomestic market orientationGlobal market orientation