Presentation on theme: "Marketing Is All Around Us What You’ll Learn . . ."— Presentation transcript:
1Marketing Is All Around Us What You’ll Learn . . . The Functions of MarketingUnderstand the Marketing ConceptMarketing UtilitiesDefine a Target MarketUnderstand how Markets are Segmented
2Standard 1 Day 1 Students will learn: The meaning of marketing The functions of marketingMarketing's importance in a global economyThe Marketing Concept
3What Is Marketing?Defined: The process of developing, promoting, and distributing products to satisfy customers’ needs and wants.Development Promotion Distribution = Happy Customer
4Products – goods and services that have monetary value Goods – things you can touch or holdServices – you can’t physically touch – tasks performed for a customer
5Functions of Marketing Activities that work together to get goods and services from producers to consumersDistributionFinancingMarketing Information ManagementPricingProduct Service ManagementPromotionSellingEach is essential
6DistributionDeciding where and to whom products need to be sold to reach the final users.
7FinancingGetting the money necessary to operate a business
8Marketing Information Management Getting information to make sound business decisions. Usually obtained through marketing research
9For example, after a stay at a luxury hotel, you fill out a form rating the service and accommodations.
11Product Service Management Obtaining, developing, maintaining, and improving a product or a product mix in response to market opportunities.
12PromotionCommunicating with potential customers to inform, persuade, or remind them about a business’s products
13SellingPlanned, personalized communication that influences purchasing decisions
14The Global Economy Marketers are found at every level of business. Nearly all business decisions have a Marketing element.Marketing changes the:Number, (increased variety)Quality, (better quality because of competition)and Price (lower price because of competition)of products that you can buy.
15The Marketing ConceptBusinesses must satisfy customers’ needs and wants in order to make a profit.
16When Henry Ford first created the Model T, he was the only one mass producing cars. He didn’t have to think about “The Marketing Concept.” But, as more and more producers started making cars, they had to think about what customers need and want in order to stay in business.Click on the Model T Ford to see Henry Ford’s thoughts about car color in the early 1900’s.
17Imagine if, in today’s world, you could only buy black Imagine if, in today’s world, you could only buy black. Many customers would not be very happy!
19The Marketing ConceptIf automobile manufactures do not give their consumers a choice (what they want), they will not stay in business.That concept is true for all businesses.Companies sell what Customers want.
20Standard 1 Day 2 Students will understand: The Economic Benefits of Marketing.The meaning of economic utility.The five economic utilities and how to distinguish the four that are related to marketing.
21Economic Benefits of Marketing Marketing bridges the gap between you and the maker or seller of an itemMARKETING
22Economic Benefits of Marketing New and Improved Products --businesses look for opportunities to please the customer
23Economic Benefits of Marketing Lower Prices – marketing activities add value and increase demand. When demand is high, manufacturers can produce at a lower price. They can sell at a lower price but increase the quantity sold. Thus, profits are higher even though prices are low.
25Added Value = Utility There are five types of Utility: Form Place Time PossessionInformationAttributes of a product or service that make it capable of satisfying consumers’ wants and needs.
26Form Utility Sand into glass Wood into paper Silk into fabric Changing raw materials into goods– making and producing things.Sand into glassWood into paperSilk into fabric
27Place Utility Having a product where customers can buy it. It Includes:Location – may be through a catalog or at a retailer (actual store) – or, Internet.Transporting the product to the location.
28Time UtilityHaving a product available at a certain time of year or a convenient time of day.Planning and orderingTime of day and weekTime of year: holidays and seasons
29Possession UtilityThe exchange of a product for some monetary value.
30Payment may be made by: Cash Personal checks Credit cards Installments (layaway)
31Information Utility Involves communication with the consumer. Ads PackagingSignsDisplaysOwner’s Manuals
32Which types of utility are related to marketing? Form utility is a function of production, NOT marketing
33These utilities ARE directly related to marketing: PlaceTimePossessionInformation
34Standard 1 Day 3 Students will be able to: Define a market Describe target marketingDifferentiate between customers and consumersUse the four P’s of the marketing mix
35MarketMarket – all potential customers who have the ability and willingness to buy
36Target MarketingFocusing all Marketing efforts on a very specific group of people who you want to reach.
37Customers – people who buy the product Consumers – people who actually use the productIs mom the customer or the consumer?What about the kids?
38Marketing Mix Basic marketing strategies – the four P’s Product Place PricePromotion
39Product Strategies What product to make How to package it What brand name to useWhat image to project
40Place StrategiesHow and where a product will be distributed.
41Price StrategiesReflect what customers are willing and able to pay.
42Promotion StrategiesHow potential customers will be told about the new productWhat the message will beWhen and where it will be deliveredWhat inducements are there to purchase it
43The Marketing Mix The elements are interconnected Product Place Price Promotion
44The Marketing Mix – The 4 P’s Contains countless alternatives.Management must select a combination of marketing mix decisions that will satisfy target markets and achieve organizational goals.Product & Place & Price & Promotion = Goals=
45Standard 1 Day 4 Students will: Understand the concept of market segmentation.Define the term market segmentation.Understand the four methods used to segment a market.Understand current demographic, psychographic, and geographic trends
46Analyzing MarketsMarket segmentation is a way of analyzing a market by specific characteristics as in order to define the target market.
47Types of Segmentation: DemographicsPsychographicsGeographicsBehavioral
48DemographicsDemographics – statistics that describe a population in terms of personal characteristics. Demographics include:AgeBaby Boom GenerationGeneration XGeneration YGenderMarital StatusEthnic Background
49U.S. Trend – The percentage of the Caucasian population is declining, while other ethnic populations increase.
50PsychographicsInvolves grouping people with similar lifestyles, as well as shared attitudes, values, and opinions.ActivitiesAttitudesPersonality & Values
51Music teachers, dancers, and other music lovers would be one category of people who share psychographic characteristics.
52VALS™ is a marketing and consulting tool that helps businesses worldwide develop and execute more effective strategies. The system identifies current and future opportunities by segmenting the consumer marketplace on the basis of the personality traits that drive consumer behavior. VALS applies in all phases of the marketing process, from new-product development and entry-stage targeting to communications strategy and advertising.Click on VALS to learn more and to take a survey to determine your VALS type
53Geographics Geographics – Segmentation based on where people live Political BoundaryClimateNatural Boundary
54Behavioral Segmentation Looking at the benefits desired by consumers, shopping patterns, and usage rate. Market benefits, not just the physical characteristics of a product
55Behavioral Segmentation Many businesses find that the 80/20 rule applies.80 % of a company’s sales are generated by 20 % of its loyal customers.
56Mass Marketing Vs Segmentation Mass marketing not as popular as it once was.Niche marketing (the current trend) – markets are narrowed down and defined with extreme precision.