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The Global Positioning System Commerce Department Perspectives September 2001.

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Presentation on theme: "The Global Positioning System Commerce Department Perspectives September 2001."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Global Positioning System Commerce Department Perspectives September 2001

3 Agriculture Commerce State Interior NASA Justice Joint Chiefs of Staff DefenseTransportation The Interagency GPS Executive Board

4 DOC Interests in GPS Commercial GPS market growthCommercial GPS market growth Civilian and scientific uses of GPSCivilian and scientific uses of GPS Augmentation systemsAugmentation systems Modernization programModernization program Radio spectrum managementRadio spectrum management International cooperation and tradeInternational cooperation and trade IGEB Executive SecretariatIGEB Executive Secretariat

5 Commercial GPS Market Growth

6 GPS represents a $10 billion industryGPS represents a $10 billion industry –Worldwide sales to exceed $12 billion in 2002 –U.S. market share is 52% U.S. policy promotes global market growthU.S. policy promotes global market growth –Free signals and receiver design specifications –Promotion of GPS as a world standard enables economies of scale in receiver production –Elimination of Selective Availability increased consumer demand by improving basic service

7 Satellite Ops: Ephemeris, Timing Communications: Network Timing, Synchronization Surveying & Mapping Mapping Fishing & Boating Boating Off shore Drilling Drilling Recreation Trucking & Shipping Shipping PersonalNavigation Aviation Railroads Power Grid Interfaces Interfaces Commercial GPS Applications Span The Entire U.S. Economy

8 Worldwide Annual GPS Hardware Sales To Exceed $12 Billion in 2002 $ Billions (Projected)

9 GPS Sales by Geographic Region 1998 Asia 2% Other 1% Japan 47% U.S. 32% Europe 18% 2003 Asia 2% Other 1% Japan 44% U.S. 30% Europe 23%

10 Unit Cost of Receivers Is Falling at ~30% Per Year 0 $200 $400 $600 $ Source: U.S. GPS Industry Council

11 New Applications Being Developed Every Day Open Pit Mining SystemOpen Pit Mining System Child Safety WristwatchChild Safety Wristwatch Automatic Snowplow Guidance SystemAutomatic Snowplow Guidance System Spacecraft Control SystemsSpacecraft Control Systems Power Grid Management SystemsPower Grid Management Systems

12 Promoting GPS Market Growth DOC supports market growth by upholding and promoting the successful U.S. GPS policy, domestically and internationallyDOC supports market growth by upholding and promoting the successful U.S. GPS policy, domestically and internationally DOC also publishes statistical analyses and forecasts of the GPS market for use by investors and decision makersDOC also publishes statistical analyses and forecasts of the GPS market for use by investors and decision makers Outreach activitiesOutreach activities –Participate in conferences, site visits to keep finger on the pulse of industry –Convey industry desires and concerns to the IGEB to keep the system responsive to user needs

13 Civilian & Scientific Uses of GPS

14 DOC Represents Many Federal Users of GPS GPS applications within the DepartmentGPS applications within the Department –NOAA surveying (waterways, airports, heights) –NOAA vessel navigation and tracking –NOAA weather forecasting –NIST timing research –U.S. Census activities GPS Interagency Advisory Committee (GIAC)GPS Interagency Advisory Committee (GIAC) –Chaired by National Geodetic Survey –Membership includes all civil users of GPS within the federal government (outside DOT) –Meets twice per year to make policy recommendations on behalf of the user community

15 Augmentation Systems NOAA manages the National CORS SystemNOAA manages the National CORS System –Network of Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS) providing carrier phase and code range measurements in support of 3-D positioning activities throughout the U.S. and its territories –Data is archived online and can be applied in a post-processing environment to achieve cm-level accuracy –Annual budget: $2.3 million

16 National CORS System

17 NOAA Forecast Systems Lab: Measuring Water Vapor Via NDGPS NOAA instruments on NDGPS reference stations continuously measure the water vapor content in the atmosphere above the reference station, improving short term weather forecasting capabilitiesNOAA instruments on NDGPS reference stations continuously measure the water vapor content in the atmosphere above the reference station, improving short term weather forecasting capabilities NDGPS Site in Whitney, Nebraska

18 NOAA and NDGPS NOAA cooperates closely with the U.S. Coast Guards Nationwide Differential GPS ServiceNOAA cooperates closely with the U.S. Coast Guards Nationwide Differential GPS Service –Co-location of CORS sites, weather instruments –High Accuracy NDGPS project Senate report on FY01 DOT appropriations suggested that NOAA share the cost of NDGPS with DOTSenate report on FY01 DOT appropriations suggested that NOAA share the cost of NDGPS with DOT –Reply to Congress notes interaction between NDGPS and CORS, including such items as service integrity –An independent NOAA request for NDGPS funding was deemed impractical due to increased uncertainty in the budget process

19 Modernization Program

20 DOC Roles in GPS Modernization Helped collect and advocate civilian user needs for the future GPS serviceHelped collect and advocate civilian user needs for the future GPS service Early proponent of a third civilian signalEarly proponent of a third civilian signal Participated in the design and frequency selection for the two new civil signalsParticipated in the design and frequency selection for the two new civil signals Led studies and analyses demonstrating the economic benefits of GPS modernizationLed studies and analyses demonstrating the economic benefits of GPS modernization Endorsed high-level recommendations to the White House to deactivate SA and accelerate implementation of civilian capabilitiesEndorsed high-level recommendations to the White House to deactivate SA and accelerate implementation of civilian capabilities Participated in Congressional outreach, including GPS trade fair on the HillParticipated in Congressional outreach, including GPS trade fair on the Hill

21 Radio Spectrum Management

22 Radio interference affects a wide range of GPS users and limits growth of new capabilities and applicationsRadio interference affects a wide range of GPS users and limits growth of new capabilities and applications Without backbone GPS signals, derived performances and safety of life services will not functionWithout backbone GPS signals, derived performances and safety of life services will not function DOCs National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) is responsible for managing federal radio spectrumDOCs National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) is responsible for managing federal radio spectrum

23 Spectrum Concerns International IssuesInternational Issues –Power Flux Density limits in L2 and L5 –E.U. proposal to overlay L1, L2, and L5 Domestic IssuesDomestic Issues –FCC rulemaking underway to possibly allow unlicensed operation of UWB devices –General concerns over noise floor

24 International Cooperation & Trade

25 Cooperation with Japan U.S.-Japan relations are excellent in this areaU.S.-Japan relations are excellent in this area –Japan is a major producer of GPS products and has the worlds largest user base 1998 Joint Statement signed by the President and Prime Minister Obuchi lay the foundation for bilateral working groups on GPS cooperation1998 Joint Statement signed by the President and Prime Minister Obuchi lay the foundation for bilateral working groups on GPS cooperation –Promote GPS as a standard –Free access to services –Open markets for trade –Protect spectrum DOC chairs the U.S.-Japan working group on commercial and scientific uses of GPSDOC chairs the U.S.-Japan working group on commercial and scientific uses of GPS

26 Consultations with Europe U.S. has been pursuing an agreement with Europe since 1996U.S. has been pursuing an agreement with Europe since 1996 –DOC participates in all rounds of talks to protect the interests of U.S. users and industry Proposed Galileo system opens new possibilities but also raises many concerns, especially from a commercial perspectiveProposed Galileo system opens new possibilities but also raises many concerns, especially from a commercial perspective Draft agreement text would ensure that Europe does not impose regulations or standards that effectively mandate the use of Galileo servicesDraft agreement text would ensure that Europe does not impose regulations or standards that effectively mandate the use of Galileo services

27 International Outreach GPS International Working Group organizes occasional outreach missions to individual nations to educate local officials and users on U.S. GPS policy and plansGPS International Working Group organizes occasional outreach missions to individual nations to educate local officials and users on U.S. GPS policy and plans IGEB manages a U.S. GPS Outreach Display that is regularly deployed to international conferences to build grassroots support for GPS and GPS spectrumIGEB manages a U.S. GPS Outreach Display that is regularly deployed to international conferences to build grassroots support for GPS and GPS spectrum DOC is a regular participant in all of these outreach effortsDOC is a regular participant in all of these outreach efforts

28 IGEB Executive Secretariat

29 IGEB Charter called for a dedicated Executive Secretariat to support the day-to-day functions and activities of the BoardIGEB Charter called for a dedicated Executive Secretariat to support the day-to-day functions and activities of the Board Functions include:Functions include: –Identify national and international issues that may affect the management and operation of GPS –Assemble ad hoc working group to address GPS issues –Coordinate information among IGEB agencies –Provide administrative support


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