Presentation on theme: "Global Market Entry Strategies Operational reasons for setting up overseas manufacture Strategic reasons for investing in local operations Methods of overseas."— Presentation transcript:
Global Market Entry Strategies Operational reasons for setting up overseas manufacture Strategic reasons for investing in local operations Methods of overseas production Exporting options Joint Ventures and Strategic Alliances
Operational reasons for setting- up overseas manufacture reduced costs of transportation reduced barriers/ quota handicap e.g. Nissan some governments demand investment with market entry e.g. China Customers sometimes prefer local manufacture e.g. Heinz British? Government contracts prefer firms contributing to the local economy
Improved local market information local manufacture ensures greater commitment to international markets Faster response and Just-in-time delivery Doole, Phillips and Lowe (1994)
Strategic reasons for investing in local operations Gain new business demonstrates strong commitment persuades customers to change suppliers provides better service and more reliability Defend existing business avoid market restrictions as sales increase, particularly in single market
Move with established customer component suppliers follow customers to compete with local component suppliers Save costs labour, raw materials and transport Avoid government restrictions to import certain goods Doole, Phillips and Lowe (1994)
Exporting Indirect export houses UK buying offices of foreign stores or governments complementary exporting Direct sales to final user overseas agencies distributors and stockists company branch offices abroad Degree of involvement v control?
Methods of overseas production Licensing Companies with strong brand or know-how e.g. Coca-Cola, Disney Franchising more of a whole package e.g.Body Shop, KFC Contract manufacture bulk items e.g. Nike components
Joint ventures - e.g. Burmah Castrol in S.Korea Wholly owned overseas subsidiaries Organic growth
Strategic Alliances Strategic alliances can range from loose networking relationships to very tight contractual relationships such as joint ventures. e.g. code share where airlines of a similar type sell each others tickets. There is no co-ownership. Types technology swaps R&D exchanges distribution relationships Driving forces insufficient resources High R&D costs Concentration of firms in mature markets Market access
Joint ventures e.g European Airbus. Orgs can remain separate, but have a tight legal relationship. Reasons for setting up overcome foreign ownership restrictions increase speed of entry exploit new opportunities, complementary technologies and management skills achieve worldwide presence at lower cost Disadvantages differences in partner aims and objectives equal ownership and different options can slow decision making dominance by one partner can lead to resentment in the other Large time commitment for education, negotiation and agreement with partner
Mergers The identity of each of the merging companies is subordinated into the identity of the newly merged organisation, or disappears. Benefits include: –Cutting cost –Eliminate competition –Synergy augments mutual strengths Case study – Chrysler and Mercedes.