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7.Marketing and Selling: l Sales and marketing are different l Basic economics l Marketing; Channels ; Market Communications l Stages in Selling l Control.

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Presentation on theme: "7.Marketing and Selling: l Sales and marketing are different l Basic economics l Marketing; Channels ; Market Communications l Stages in Selling l Control."— Presentation transcript:

1 7.Marketing and Selling: l Sales and marketing are different l Basic economics l Marketing; Channels ; Market Communications l Stages in Selling l Control and Commissions

2 Sales and marketing are different l Marketing: What and how to sell l Selling: moving the product l Relationship management

3 Marketing l What? – Product characteristics - ACCTO – Price sensitivity l Market Characteristics – Size – Defensible – Sustainable l How? – Channels l Inform – Routes

4 Product or Service Requirements l Know about it l Opportunity to purchase – shelf space l Satisfy a real or perceived need l Affordable (but not too cheap)

5 A brief introduction to market analysis l Desk research – Existing market or solutions – Competition, actual and potential – Demographics l Market surveys – Qualitative groups, usability testing – Quantitative Surveys, test marketing l Distribution channels l Market Communications

6 Basic Economics I l Demand curve: Price depends on volume Elasticity e = P Q P Q Price P Quantity Q

7 Supply Curve l Stable point is at intersection (Spider diagram) Price P Quantity Q Supply S Demand D

8 Cost of Production

9 Gross Profit

10 Channels l Direct Sales l Distributor/Retailer – Distributors are your customers National International l Chose carefully - – changing is expensive and difficult – Key sales – Opinion formers

11 Direct sales l Bespoke - – sales staff/ Customer relationship manager – cash flow l Mail order requirements – Product – Guarantees – Stocking – Support – Key accounts – Market communications

12 Distribution Channel l Typical product – 40% manufacturer development, materials, overheads, profit, research – 30% distributor Advertising, stocking, profit – 30% retailer Local adverts, shop front, staff, profit l International – Localisation – Country agent control/performance – Trade fairs DTI outward bound missions Embassy

13 Ballpark pricing

14 Market Communications l Targeting l Advertising – Image – Message – Sales - MOP General - Newspapers, TV Specific - Trade press, specialist magazines l PR l Direct mail – List brokers 1-2% response Control and record-keeping

15 Exhibitions l Expensive, hard work l Make it obvious l Place for meetings, not cold sales l Preparation – Stand – Exhibits – Manual – Travel and accommodation l Be attentive l Follow-up – Timeliness

16 Sales techniques: listen to the customer l Needs l Concerns l Authority

17 Stages in Selling l Prospecting l Pre-approach l Approach l Survey l Proposal l Demonstration l Close l Service

18 Prospecting l Locating the most likely buyers – Cold calling Directors Guides, Yearbooks Local council offices, Chambers of Commerce Institutional meetings – Qualified Prospects Marketing response: Advertising, PR, Mailings Service organisation, exhibitions l How many? – 10% result in a sale – Maybe 2 calls per day

19 Pre-approach l Research – Who are the decision makers? – What is the management structure? – What are their concerns? l Preparation – Presentation – Visiting cards, brochures

20 Approach l Listen, establish mutual ground l Contact building l Generalities

21 Survey l Needs, requirements l Constraints l Budget l Structure, contacts, decision points l Timescale

22 Proposal l Sell the benefits to the customer – F.A.B – U.S.Ps – Price is not an issue; value is Lifetime cost Service, reliability, reputation l Sales proposal – Introduction – Objectives – Recommendations – Benefits – Financial Justification – Warranty and service – Company Background – Price and conditions l Follow-up

23 Demonstration l Objectives l Administration – Who, where, maps, car parking, accommodation – Greeting, seating – Catering: coffee, lunch or sandwiches l Script – Rehearse, and stick to the script – Points to emphasise, or not l Sum up l Agree follow-up

24 Close l Small step at a time l Advantages l Customers concerns – hidden agenda l Kicker – Discount, limited offer

25 Service l Relationship management – communications – contact point – Regular liaison – early warnings l Spec changes and the consequences l Meeting milestones

26 Planning and Records l Graded Prospect List l Sales Forecasts l Call analysis l Sales Cost analysis Company Contact Previous Contact Next Contact NameAddressPhoneFaxName Decision Makers Potential % Date Who Action Date Who Action CompanyAmount------Time Analysis Product AnalysisComments Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4

27 Control and Commissions l Control – Sales organisation structure By product Geographical By channel, key account l Measurement Cost per sale Response rate Timeliness Individual measures, targets l Commission – Dont stint Basic salary – Pay on delivery, or payment


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