Presentation on theme: "Inmate art to memorial art"— Presentation transcript:
1Inmate art to memorial art Nazi propaganda photo depicts friendship between an "Aryan" and a black woman. The caption states: "The result! A loss of racial pride." Germany, prewar.Artworks by Ghetto ArtistsHolocaust ArtInmate art to memorial artYitzhok Brauner ( ) Self-Portrait. Brauner was a painter in the Lódz ghetto in The artist is standing in the foreground of the picture.Blacks during the HolocaustRoman Kramsztyk ( ) Old Jew with Children. This drawing was made in the Warsaw ghetto. Kramsztyk was murdered by the Nazis in 1942.Children aswell as adultsdocumentedevents of theHolocaustthrough art. In this child'sdrawing, Jewsare shownunder armedguard, being pushed into a van which will take them to deportation trains. Era: During WWII.Bruno Schulz ( ) Self-Portrait. Schulz was a painter and writer in the Drohobycz ghetto. He was the author of Cinnamon Shops and Sanatorium under the Hourglass. He was murdered bythe Nazis in 1942.Birkenau. Painting of Königsgraben from the ceiling of the penal company barrack at Birkenau. Photo credit: Florida Center for Instructional Technology.The Königsgraben (King's canal) was the canal being dug to drain swampy water away from Birkenau. A sign in the barrack gives the following details. "A special penal company (Strafkompanie)for men was housed in this barrack from May 1942 to July These were mainly political prisoners, people for some reason considered particularly dangerous to the Third Reich, prisoners found guilty of breaking camp discipline, or those who were thought to be participating in the camp's underground movement or planning to escape. They were kept in complete isolation from the other prisoners; even the daily roll-call and distribution of rations were done separately in an enclosed yard next to the barrack. Conditions in this unit were extremely harsh. Punishments were severe, the workload murderous, and food rations reduced--all leading to high mortality rate. One of the tasks of this unit was to dig the main drainage ditch (Königsgraben). An original drawing of this made by an unknown prisoner still remains on the ceiling of this barrack."Gela Seksztajn ( )Self-Portrait. Seksztajn lived andpainted in the Warsaw ghetto. Inher will, which was preservedalong with her watercolors in theunderground archives of theWarsaw ghetto, she wrote,"...I am now standing at the boundary between life and death. I already know for certain that I must die and that is why I want to bid farewell to my friends and to my work. Farewell, comrades and friends. Jews! Do everything that such a tragedy will never be repeated!" She died in Treblinka in August of 1942.Three months after Hitler came to power in 1938, artists were forced to stop working. All Jewish artwork was not allowed in museums and art schools. Nazis stole much of the art and sold it for a good profit; the rest was burned. Art was considered a tool to the Nazis; it could make them look good. After the war started, a lot of the art was of German soldiers, landscapes, German youth, noble wives and mothers. Art was no longer what the artist wanted it to be; it was what the Nazis wanted it to be.
2Through work to freedom Concert Auschwitz Prisoners roomPrayerThrough workto freedomDeath of hungerJacques Gotko (Yakow Gotkowski) ( ) Watch Tower and the Camp’s Gate – A View through the Barbed Wire Fences Compiègne Camp 1942Today, it is hard for many people to grasp the fact that imposing works of art were created in Auschwitz. It was a bold undertaking for the Centrum Judaicum to show the Art in Auschwitz exhibition in Germany for the first time. Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder opened the show in the exhibition rooms of the New Synagogue on Oranienburger Strasse in Berlin on May 23, 2005.Father and SonConcert AuschwitzShh – silence from the cycle "Flowers of Auschwitz"Lou Albert-Lazard (Mabull) ( ) Women in the Evening in Gurs Gurs Camp 1940Music of the HolocaustPrisoners