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Charlotte Perkins Gilman. Who is she? Was a writer, lecturer, social critic and feminist Lived at a time of tremendous upheaval in this country's history.

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Presentation on theme: "Charlotte Perkins Gilman. Who is she? Was a writer, lecturer, social critic and feminist Lived at a time of tremendous upheaval in this country's history."— Presentation transcript:

1 Charlotte Perkins Gilman

2 Who is she? Was a writer, lecturer, social critic and feminist Lived at a time of tremendous upheaval in this country's history Was a writer, lecturer, social critic and feminist Lived at a time of tremendous upheaval in this country's history

3 Early Life Born on July 3, 1860 in Hartford, Conneticut She had a difficult childhood Her father abandoned the family Her mother had to raise the children on her own. Due to the absence of her father, Gilman and her family moved around a lot. Lived with her mother, uncle, and aunt, Harriet Beecher Stowe (author of Uncle Toms Cabin) Born on July 3, 1860 in Hartford, Conneticut She had a difficult childhood Her father abandoned the family Her mother had to raise the children on her own. Due to the absence of her father, Gilman and her family moved around a lot. Lived with her mother, uncle, and aunt, Harriet Beecher Stowe (author of Uncle Toms Cabin)

4 Some More about her Early Life She received very little schooling but was profoundly affected by the views of her family. Charlotte's friends were predominantly young women, a theme that would continue throughout her life. Gilman married artist Charles Stetson in 1884, had a daughter named Katherine. After divorcing Stetson in 1890, she married George Houghton Gilman in 1900. She received very little schooling but was profoundly affected by the views of her family. Charlotte's friends were predominantly young women, a theme that would continue throughout her life. Gilman married artist Charles Stetson in 1884, had a daughter named Katherine. After divorcing Stetson in 1890, she married George Houghton Gilman in 1900.

5 Her Sanity After the birth of her daughter, Perkins suffered from depression that would haunt her the rest of her life. Motherhood consumed her time and her ambition Went to a sanatorium in Philadelphia in 1887 where she was treated by Dr. Silas Weir Mitchel Weirs rest cure included no physical or intellectual stimulation. Dr. Silas Weir Mitchel Live as domestic a life as possible

6 Womens Rights Perkins developed her views on "feminist convictions" and the desire to see social reform from her family of activists. From 1894 to 1895 she was active in planning the California Women's Congresses, as well as founding the Women's Peace Party. One of her greatest works of nonfiction, Women and Economics, was published in 1898. She called for women to gain economic independence, and the work helped cement her standing as a social theorist. Other important nonfiction works followed, such as The Home: Its Work and Influence (1903) and Does a Man Support His Wife? (1915). Charlotte Perkins Gilman established The Forerunner, a magazine that allowed her to express her ideas on women's issues and on social reform. published from 1909 to 1916

7 Her Writing She was known as a feminist writer who expressed her views and beliefs in her novels, short stories, and nonfiction works. Most of her writings were based on her own experiences that she faced from divorce to depression. In Herland she used not only fiction but satire to tell a story of three American men who enter an all- female society, in which women reproduce on their own. She was known as a feminist writer who expressed her views and beliefs in her novels, short stories, and nonfiction works. Most of her writings were based on her own experiences that she faced from divorce to depression. In Herland she used not only fiction but satire to tell a story of three American men who enter an all- female society, in which women reproduce on their own.

8 Suicide In 1932 Gilman learned that she had inoperable cancer. On August 17, 1935, she took her own life in Pasadena She died by an overdose of chloroform In her suicide note Gilman wrote, "I have preferred chloroform to cancer" In 1932 Gilman learned that she had inoperable cancer. On August 17, 1935, she took her own life in Pasadena She died by an overdose of chloroform In her suicide note Gilman wrote, "I have preferred chloroform to cancer"

9 Why the Yellow Wallpaper? "The Yellow Wallpaper" is considered by many to be Gilman's best work of fiction. Gilman wrote the short story while she was on bed rest for her depression. At first the story was seen as a horror story or a case study on mental illness, but some critics today emphasize its feminist theme.

10 The Gender Roles… The Domestic Ideology WomenMen Spiritual and moral leaders Womans place was the private domain– the home Her prescribed roles were wife and mother Ruled the public domain His role was to work and be the voice in politics and the decider of economics

11 Applying Modernism- How was Gilman a modernist? Gilman strove to understand the basis for the societal strictures that defined "woman" so narrowly. The structure of the story is unique in that Gilman used short sentence as though she was writing down her thoughts, perhaps recording them in a diary each day. Gilman strove to understand the basis for the societal strictures that defined "woman" so narrowly. The structure of the story is unique in that Gilman used short sentence as though she was writing down her thoughts, perhaps recording them in a diary each day.

12 Resources http://www.biography.com/people/charlotte-perkins-gilman-9311669 http://www2.uncp.edu/home/canada/work/allam/18661913/lit/gilman.htm https://www.radcliffe.harvard.edu/schlesinger-library/exhibit/woman-human-life-and- work-charlotte-perkins-gilman http://www.online-literature.com/charlotte-perkins-gilman/ http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/charlotte-perkins-gilmans-yellow-wall- papermdashwriting-women#sect-thelesson http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/charlotte-perkins-gilmans-yellow-wall- papermdashwriting-women#sect-activities http://www.infoplease.com/spot/womenstimeline2.html http://www.biography.com/people/charlotte-perkins-gilman-9311669 http://www2.uncp.edu/home/canada/work/allam/18661913/lit/gilman.htm https://www.radcliffe.harvard.edu/schlesinger-library/exhibit/woman-human-life-and- work-charlotte-perkins-gilman http://www.online-literature.com/charlotte-perkins-gilman/ http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/charlotte-perkins-gilmans-yellow-wall- papermdashwriting-women#sect-thelesson http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/charlotte-perkins-gilmans-yellow-wall- papermdashwriting-women#sect-activities http://www.infoplease.com/spot/womenstimeline2.html

13 For Homework – Monday, 2/24 Read The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman Make sure to… Talk to text Ask questions Focus on symbols, imagery, and modernist ideals. For Monday, you should have An overall understanding of the story One specific thing that interests you or you have a question about At least two examples of symbols, imagery, or modernist ideals Read The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman Make sure to… Talk to text Ask questions Focus on symbols, imagery, and modernist ideals. For Monday, you should have An overall understanding of the story One specific thing that interests you or you have a question about At least two examples of symbols, imagery, or modernist ideals


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