Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Ukraine An in depth look at Crimea The Ukrainian National Anthem The Ukrainian National Anthem Ukraine is not yet dead, nor its glory and freedom, Luck.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Ukraine An in depth look at Crimea The Ukrainian National Anthem The Ukrainian National Anthem Ukraine is not yet dead, nor its glory and freedom, Luck."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ukraine An in depth look at Crimea The Ukrainian National Anthem The Ukrainian National Anthem Ukraine is not yet dead, nor its glory and freedom, Luck will still smile on us brother-Ukrainians. Our enemies will die, as the dew does in the sunshine, and we, too, brothers, we'll live happily in our land. We'll not spare either our souls or bodies to get freedom and we'll prove that we brothers are of Kozak kin. We'll rise up, brothers, all of us, from the Sain to the Don, We won't let anyone govern in out motherland. The Black Sea will smile yet, grandfather Dnipro will rejoice, Yet in our Ukraine luck will be high. Our persistence, our sincere toil will prove its rightness, still our freedom's loud song will spread throughout Ukraine. It'll reflect upon the Carpathians, will sound through the steppes, and Ukraine's glory will arise among the people. Ukraine is not yet dead, nor its glory and freedom, Luck will still smile on us brother-Ukrainians. Our enemies will die, as the dew does in the sunshine, and we, too, brothers, we'll live happily in our land. We'll not spare either our souls or bodies to get freedom and we'll prove that we brothers are of Kozak kin. We'll rise up, brothers, all of us, from the Sain to the Don, We won't let anyone govern in out motherland. The Black Sea will smile yet, grandfather Dnipro will rejoice, Yet in our Ukraine luck will be high. Our persistence, our sincere toil will prove its rightness, still our freedom's loud song will spread throughout Ukraine. It'll reflect upon the Carpathians, will sound through the steppes, and Ukraine's glory will arise among the people.

2 Things to be discussed today! I. A short history of the country II. Geography of the area and more specifically, of the Crimean Peninsula III. Crimeas history IV. Recent Conflicts with occupation of ethnic Russians and Tatars in Crimea V. Baltic Sea Fleet history and issues involved VI. Crimea as a vacation hot spot

3 I. Brief Historical Timeline of Ukraine

4 A chronology of key events Central Rada (Council) set up in Kiev following collapse of Russian Empire Central Rada (Council) set up in Kiev following collapse of Russian Empire Ukraine declares independence: Ukrainian People's Republic set up within the boundaries of the Soviet Union Ukraine declares independence: Ukrainian People's Republic set up within the boundaries of the Soviet Union.

5 World War II Ukraine suffers terrible wartime devastation as Nazis occupy the country until Ukraine suffers terrible wartime devastation as Nazis occupy the country until More than 5 million Ukrainians die fighting Nazi Germany. Most of Ukraine's 1.5 million Jews wiped out by the Nazis. More than 5 million Ukrainians die fighting Nazi Germany. Most of Ukraine's 1.5 million Jews wiped out by the Nazis Stalin deports 200,000 Crimean Tatars to Siberia and Central Asia following accusations of collaboration with Nazi Germany Stalin deports 200,000 Crimean Tatars to Siberia and Central Asia following accusations of collaboration with Nazi Germany Allied victory in World War II leads to Soviet annexation of western Ukrainian lands mainly from Poland Allied victory in World War II leads to Soviet annexation of western Ukrainian lands mainly from Poland

6 1960s - Increase in covert opposition to Soviet rule, leading to repression of dissidents in s - Increase in covert opposition to Soviet rule, leading to repression of dissidents in Soviet Years

7 A reactor at the Chernobyl nuclear power station explodes, sending a radioactive plume across Europe. Desperate efforts are made to contain the damaged reactor within a huge concrete cover. Many armed forces personnel die of radiation sickness A reactor at the Chernobyl nuclear power station explodes, sending a radioactive plume across Europe. Desperate efforts are made to contain the damaged reactor within a huge concrete cover. Many armed forces personnel die of radiation sickness Prominent writers and intellectuals set up Ukrainian People's Movement for Restructuring (Rukh) Prominent writers and intellectuals set up Ukrainian People's Movement for Restructuring (Rukh) Student protests and hunger strikes bring down government Student protests and hunger strikes bring down government

8 Independence Ukraine declares independence following attempted coup in Moscow: 90% vote for independence in nationwide referendum in December Ukraine declares independence following attempted coup in Moscow: 90% vote for independence in nationwide referendum in December. home.nestor.minsk.by/fsunews/ukraine/1994/ua119.html

9 Early to mid 1990s - About 250,000 Crimean Tatars and their descendants return to Crimea following collapse of Soviet Union. Early to mid 1990s - About 250,000 Crimean Tatars and their descendants return to Crimea following collapse of Soviet Union Presidential elections: Leonid Kuchma succeeds Leonid Kravchuk Presidential elections: Leonid Kuchma succeeds Leonid Kravchuk Friendship treaty signed with Russia. Ukraine and Russia also reach agreement on the Black Sea fleet Friendship treaty signed with Russia. Ukraine and Russia also reach agreement on the Black Sea fleet President Kuchma re- elected President Kuchma re- elected.

10 II. Geography of Ukraine Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland and Russia Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland and Russia slightly smaller than Texas slightly smaller than Texas most of Ukraine consists of fertile plains (steppes) and plateaus, mountains being found only in the west (the Carpathians) most of Ukraine consists of fertile plains (steppes) and plateaus, mountains being found only in the west (the Carpathians) temperate continental; precipitation is highest in west and north, lesser in east and southeast; winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland; summers are warm across the greater part of the country, hot in the south temperate continental; precipitation is highest in west and north, lesser in east and southeast; winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland; summers are warm across the greater part of the country, hot in the south

11 Populations in Ukraine

12 Geography of the Crimean Peninsula Located in southern Ukraine Located in southern Ukraine Juts into the Black Sea and connects to the mainland by a narrow strip of land at Perekop Juts into the Black Sea and connects to the mainland by a narrow strip of land at Perekop Dry steppes cover more than two-thirds of the peninsula, and the Crimean mountains in the south rise up to 1,500 m. Dry steppes cover more than two-thirds of the peninsula, and the Crimean mountains in the south rise up to 1,500 m. The southern coast, protected by the mountains, has a mild climate The southern coast, protected by the mountains, has a mild climate The Arabat Spit, which is a sand bar (110 km long) that extends northeast from the Kerch peninsula, separates the marshy Sivash Sea from the Sea of Azov. The Arabat Spit, which is a sand bar (110 km long) that extends northeast from the Kerch peninsula, separates the marshy Sivash Sea from the Sea of Azov.

13 The major cities are Simferopol, the capital; Sevastopol, the base of Russian Black Sea Fleet; and Yalta and Evpatoria, major tourist areas. Bakhchisaray was the capital of the Crimean Khanate. The major cities are Simferopol, the capital; Sevastopol, the base of Russian Black Sea Fleet; and Yalta and Evpatoria, major tourist areas. Bakhchisaray was the capital of the Crimean Khanate. Agriculture, tourism, mining, fishing, and winemaking provide the mainstay in the Crimea. Agriculture, tourism, mining, fishing, and winemaking provide the mainstay in the Crimea. Farms in the steppes produce wheat, cotton, tobacco, and garden crops. Farms in the steppes produce wheat, cotton, tobacco, and garden crops. Health resorts and tourist facilities are found along the coastal areas. Health resorts and tourist facilities are found along the coastal areas. There is limited mining (salt beds and iron ores) on the Kerch peninsula. There is limited mining (salt beds and iron ores) on the Kerch peninsula. freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~cohenscorner/Lechno/maps/Lechno_map_Feodosia.htm

14 Crimean Populations The population of the Crimea was 2,550,000 in 1991, consisting of Russians (65%); Ukrainians (22%); Crimean Tatars (10%); and Belorusians, Armenians, Greeks, Germans, and Karaims (3%). The population of the Crimea was 2,550,000 in 1991, consisting of Russians (65%); Ukrainians (22%); Crimean Tatars (10%); and Belorusians, Armenians, Greeks, Germans, and Karaims (3%).

15 III. Crimeas History The Crimean peninsula itself was inhabited by various peoples. The Crimean peninsula itself was inhabited by various peoples. The ancient Greeks established colonies on the coast in the 6th century B.C. The ancient Greeks established colonies on the coast in the 6th century B.C. Later the control of the sea ports passed on to the Romans and eventually the Byzantines. Later the control of the sea ports passed on to the Romans and eventually the Byzantines. Following the disintegration of the Golden Horde, Crimean aristocrats established their own Khanate Following the disintegration of the Golden Horde, Crimean aristocrats established their own Khanate

16 Khanate became subject to the Ottoman rule in 1475 Khanate became subject to the Ottoman rule in 1475 For 300 years the Crimean Khanate remained political power in eastern Europe, making alliances with Poland, Lithuania, and Sweden. For 300 years the Crimean Khanate remained political power in eastern Europe, making alliances with Poland, Lithuania, and Sweden.

17 In 1783, Russian forces occupied the Crimea, ending the rule of the Khanate. In 1783, Russian forces occupied the Crimea, ending the rule of the Khanate. In 1944 deportation of the entire Crimean Tatar population by Stalin due to the accusation that they were associated with the Nazis. In 1944 deportation of the entire Crimean Tatar population by Stalin due to the accusation that they were associated with the Nazis. In 1954, Crimea was then transferred from the RSFSR (Russia) to Ukrainian SSR. In 1954, Crimea was then transferred from the RSFSR (Russia) to Ukrainian SSR. mandubke4.html

18 In 1956 they regained civil rights and since the late 1980s many have returned to Crimea. In 1956 they regained civil rights and since the late 1980s many have returned to Crimea. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Crimea therefore became part of the newly independent Ukraine, a situation resented by the majority of its population. With the Black Sea Fleet based on the peninsula there were worries of armed conflict. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Crimea therefore became part of the newly independent Ukraine, a situation resented by the majority of its population. With the Black Sea Fleet based on the peninsula there were worries of armed conflict. With the electoral defeat of the more radical nationalist political forces in Ukraine tension slowly eased. With the electoral defeat of the more radical nationalist political forces in Ukraine tension slowly eased.

19 Independence The Crimea proclaimed independence on May 5 th, 1992 but later it agreed to become an autonomous territory in the Ukraine. The Crimea proclaimed independence on May 5 th, 1992 but later it agreed to become an autonomous territory in the Ukraine.

20 IV. Ethnic Russian unrest in Crimea Moderate risk of rebellion in near future Moderate risk of rebellion in near future High levels of cohesion and organization High levels of cohesion and organization Consistent protests Consistent protests csf.colorado.edu/roper/ defl-waves/russia.html

21 Simferopol This city is the capital of Crimean region This city is the capital of Crimean region

22 Why such a big deal? Conflicts with Ukraine central government No identification with Ukraine, Crimea, or even Russia, but with the Soviet Union No identification with Ukraine, Crimea, or even Russia, but with the Soviet Union State-level language laws State-level language laws Policies on Tatar immigration Policies on Tatar immigration Conflicts with Crimean Tatars Political agitation Increased population equals pressure on Russian population and economic resources Russians threatened by religious traditions and higher birth rates

23 As the Crimean Tatars prepare to commemorate the 60th anniversary of their brutal deportation from their homeland on May , organized attacks on Crimean Tatars are increasing. As the Crimean Tatars prepare to commemorate the 60th anniversary of their brutal deportation from their homeland on May , organized attacks on Crimean Tatars are increasing. A group of skinheads stabbed a Crimean Tatar in Simferopol, an incident that later led to a clash in a local cafe. A group of skinheads stabbed a Crimean Tatar in Simferopol, an incident that later led to a clash in a local cafe. Anti-Crimean Tatar reporting in the Russian mass media. Anti-Crimean Tatar reporting in the Russian mass media. Crimean Tatars Recent Dilemmas

24 Black Sea Fleet - History Sevastopol was founded as a city after the Russian annexation in 1783 of Crimea. It was strongly fortified and in 1804 became the chief base of the Russian Black Sea fleet. In Sept., 1855, the French successfully stormed the fortress and three days later the Russians were forced to abandon Sevastopol. A record has been preserved in The Tales of Sevastopol by Tolstoy In 1890 the city again became a chief naval base for the Russians. In 1942, German and Romanian troops at last took the city. Transferred to the Ukrainian SSR in 1954 and became part of the independent Ukraine in A 1995 agreement called for four fifths of the fleet to fall under Russian control and in 1997 it was agreed that Russia would be allowed to base its fleet at Sevastopol for 20 years.

25 Accord Reached on Fleet Two nations spilt BSF and Russia bought back some of the more modern ships. Two nations spilt BSF and Russia bought back some of the more modern ships. Leasing for 20 years is going to cost $97.75 million/year for Russia. Leasing for 20 years is going to cost $97.75 million/year for Russia. Ukraine will pay $526 million for use of part of the fleet and $200 million for 1992 transfer of Ukraines nuclear arsenal to Russia. Ukraine will pay $526 million for use of part of the fleet and $200 million for 1992 transfer of Ukraines nuclear arsenal to Russia.

26 Crimea as a Vacation Hot Spot! Even though you are going to come to your friend from other part of Ukraine than Crimea, we strongly recommend you to spend time in Crimea, because it is the most fancy and pleasant place in Ukraine, it is the most known and desired resort in Ukraine and your friend would value your decision to spend time here even on winter or fall. Remember - Crimea in Ukraine is like Florida in the USA.

27 Yalta You want to see trees? Feel a cool breeze on your sun-blanched skin? A nice view of the city lights? Find a place to swim, sail, camp, hike, rock climb or mountain bike? You want to see trees? Feel a cool breeze on your sun-blanched skin? A nice view of the city lights? Find a place to swim, sail, camp, hike, rock climb or mountain bike? Yalta is the resort center of Crimea. It is a beautiful city. There are 14 hotels and 26 sanatorium and boarding houses. Yalta is the resort center of Crimea. It is a beautiful city. There are 14 hotels and 26 sanatorium and boarding houses.

28 Alupkinsky Palace

29 Livadia Palace built for Tsar Nicholas II in 1911

30

31 Foros The warmest region of Crimea. Most state residences are located here. The rocky walls are about 500 meters directly to the sea, forming a shallow zone. The warmest region of Crimea. Most state residences are located here. The rocky walls are about 500 meters directly to the sea, forming a shallow zone.

32 The church on the 400m high rock at Foros looks straight out over the Black Sea. It also is above a resort that Gorbachev was on holiday at when the military coup took place in Moscow. He was held under house arrest there, while the news media gave out the lie that he was sick and receiving medical treatment in Crimea. The church on the 400m high rock at Foros looks straight out over the Black Sea. It also is above a resort that Gorbachev was on holiday at when the military coup took place in Moscow. He was held under house arrest there, while the news media gave out the lie that he was sick and receiving medical treatment in Crimea.

33 Gurzuf A cozy settlement of Gurzuf is not far from Yalta in one of the most beautiful valleys of Crimea cut by the Avinda River. A cozy settlement of Gurzuf is not far from Yalta in one of the most beautiful valleys of Crimea cut by the Avinda River.

34 Natural landscapes are perfectly complemented by the old parks and vineyards scattered on the mountain slopes. Wonderful natural conditions and the purest air filled with the aromas of the mountains, sea, and parks, make Gurzuf one of the best places to vacation. Natural landscapes are perfectly complemented by the old parks and vineyards scattered on the mountain slopes. Wonderful natural conditions and the purest air filled with the aromas of the mountains, sea, and parks, make Gurzuf one of the best places to vacation.

35 Bibliography April Forum.com April Forum.com April 1999 TurkishDailyNews.com April 1999 TurkishDailyNews.com December 1999 Brama, Inc. Brama.com December 1999 Brama, Inc. Brama.com March 2004 Rawa-Ruska RawaRuska.com March 2004 Rawa-Ruska RawaRuska.com May May September 1994 FSU New Issues Catalogue FSUnews.com September 1994 FSU New Issues Catalogue FSUnews.com April 2004 BBC News UK edition BBC.com April 2004 BBC News UK edition BBC.com April 2004 Peace Pledge Union PPU.org April 2004 Peace Pledge Union PPU.org Calguard.com Calguard.com February 2001 SOTA Euronet.com February 2001 SOTA Euronet.com FEEFHS FEEFHS April 2004 Blacksea-crimea.com.Ltd Blacksea-crimea.com April 2004 Blacksea-crimea.com.Ltd Blacksea-crimea.com April 2004 Blacksea-crimea.com.Ltd April 2004 Blacksea-crimea.com.Ltd Galenfrysinger.com Galenfrysinger.com Victorian Web Ottamon Souvenir Victorianweb.org Victorian Web Ottamon Souvenir Victorianweb.org Sevastopol.com Sevastopol.com May 2004 ICC ICCrimean.org May 2004 ICC ICCrimean.org Xenophongi.org Xenophongi.org Yalta.com Yalta.com March 2002 Kyiv Post Calguard.com March 2002 Kyiv Post Calguard.com Extremetour.dp.ua Extremetour.dp.ua index.org.ua index.org.ua


Download ppt "Ukraine An in depth look at Crimea The Ukrainian National Anthem The Ukrainian National Anthem Ukraine is not yet dead, nor its glory and freedom, Luck."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google