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HYGIENE OF PHARMACY ESTABLISHMENTS. STRUCTURE OF PHARMACY Pharmacy Pharmacy Base Control Analytical Laboratory.

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Presentation on theme: "HYGIENE OF PHARMACY ESTABLISHMENTS. STRUCTURE OF PHARMACY Pharmacy Pharmacy Base Control Analytical Laboratory."— Presentation transcript:

1 HYGIENE OF PHARMACY ESTABLISHMENTS

2 STRUCTURE OF PHARMACY Pharmacy Pharmacy Base Control Analytical Laboratory

3 A pharmacy is establishment of health protection, which functions from permission and under control public organs, the basic task of which is providing of population, sanitary and prophylaxis, treatment and prophylaxis, sanatorium-resort, science and medical establishments of health protection, enterprises, establishments and organizations by medications and wares of the medical setting. A pharmacy is establishment of health protection, which functions from permission and under control public organs, the basic task of which is providing of population, sanitary and prophylaxis, treatment and prophylaxis, sanatorium-resort, science and medical establishments of health protection, enterprises, establishments and organizations by medications and wares of the medical setting.

4 A pharmacy on which the administrative is fixed and organization and methodical guidance by the pharmacies of district (cities) is named a central district (city) pharmacy. A pharmacy on which the administrative is fixed and organization and methodical guidance by the pharmacies of district (cities) is named a central district (city) pharmacy.

5 A pharmacy which is intended exceptionally for providing of one or a few hospitals and other establishments of health protection by medicines and articles of the medical setting is named accordingly hospital or by a clinically pharmacy. A pharmacy which is intended exceptionally for providing of one or a few hospitals and other establishments of health protection by medicines and articles of the medical setting is named accordingly hospital or by a clinically pharmacy.

6 The pharmacies of general type are divided on pharmacies which carry out realization of medicinal preparations only. pharmacies which carry out making of medical forms realization of medicinal preparations

7 GENERAL PLAN A site of area must not A site of area must not exceed 15 % from a general area. A large value gets to planting of greenery of area for diminishing of noise, for diminishing of noise, dusted and gassed. dusted and gassed.

8 GENERAL PLAN GENERAL PLAN The area of planting of greenery must make not less than 60 % from the area of all area. The area of planting of greenery must make not less than 60 % from the area of all area.

9 INTER HOSPITAL of PHARMACY INTER HOSPITAL of PHARMACY Between hospitals of pharmacy get organized mainly in cities and situated within the limits of city or on territory of treatment and prophylaxis establishment, medical township. Between hospitals of pharmacy get organized mainly in cities and situated within the limits of city or on territory of treatment and prophylaxis establishment, medical township.

10 PHARMACIES OF GENERAL TYPE The pharmacies of general type can situeted on ground floors multistory enterprises and inhabited houses In cooperation with establishments in buildings in separate small buildings public and inhabited houses

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12 Between the apartments of aseptic complex in accordance with the stages of technological process there must be successive direct intercommunication: washing room aseptic complex – sterilization room tableware – assistant – aseptic (for making of injection medical forms) – assistant aseptic Between the apartments of aseptic complex in accordance with the stages of technological process there must be successive direct intercommunication: washing room aseptic complex – sterilization room tableware – assistant – aseptic (for making of injection medical forms) – assistant aseptic (for making of eye drops and medical forms) (for making of eye drops and medical forms)

13 PHARMACY OF GENERAL Tape

14 In a pharmacy with the minimum area of apartments combination is assumed: 1) assistant with packing and by the cabinet (by a working please) of pharmaceu tics- analytic; 2) washing room and sterilization of pharmacy tableware; 3) material facilities of sanitation and hygiene, wares of the medical setting and material auxiliary materials and container; 4) to the cabinet of manager and book- keeping; 5) rooms of personnel and cloak- room.

15 Pharmacy booth. The apartment of pharmacy booth is equipped by shelving's, closets, refrigerator. Minimum room measure - 8 m2. Pharmacy booth. The apartment of pharmacy booth is equipped by shelving's, closets, refrigerator. Minimum room measure - 8 m2.

16 HYGIENICAL ESTIMATION TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES MAKING AND REALIZATION OF MEDICATIONS HYGIENICAL ESTIMATION TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES MAKING AND REALIZATION OF MEDICATIONS

17 Providing of optimum microclimatic terms in the apartments of pharmacies is carried out by the system of heating and effective general chance of mixed ventilation. Providing of optimum microclimatic terms in the apartments of pharmacies is carried out by the system of heating and effective general chance of mixed ventilation. The apartments of pharmacies are heated by the system centralized aquatic (convection) and block X-ray (radiation) heating. Most optimum and hygienically justified is the block X-ray heating. It is especially expedient for heating of aseptic block, assistant and rooms of pharmaceutics and -analytic, where The apartments of pharmacies are heated by the system centralized aquatic (convection) and block X-ray (radiation) heating. Most optimum and hygienically justified is the block X-ray heating. It is especially expedient for heating of aseptic block, assistant and rooms of pharmaceutics and -analytic, where the high level of cleanness must the high level of cleanness must stick to. Microclimat

18 Relative humidity must make in pharmacy apartments %, rate of movement of air - 0,1-0,2 m/sec. Relative humidity must make in pharmacy apartments %, rate of movement of air - 0,1-0,2 m/sec.

19 A light coefficient (LC) is in an assistant, to the room of pharmacies -analytic, aseptic must be 1:4, in other apartments of pharmacy scope 1:6-1:7. A light coefficient (LC) is in an assistant, to the room of pharmacies -analytic, aseptic must be 1:4, in other apartments of pharmacy scope 1:6-1:7. Lighting

20 A coefficient of natural illumination (CLK) is in an assistant, to the room of pharmacies -analytic, aseptic must be evened - 2 %, in other apartments of pharmacy - 1,5-0,5 %. A coefficient of natural illumination (CLK) is in an assistant, to the room of pharmacies -analytic, aseptic must be evened - 2 %, in other apartments of pharmacy - 1,5-0,5 %.

21 The orientation of apartments of pharmacy after the sides of the world plays a considerable role in providing of the insulation mode. Optimum for the basic shop floors of pharmacy is a south and south-east orientation. The orientation of apartments of pharmacy after the sides of the world plays a considerable role in providing of the insulation mode. Optimum for the basic shop floors of pharmacy is a south and south-east orientation.

22 A coefficient of deepening is at one-sided illumination - relation of depth of apartment (distance is from a wall to opposite) to the height of overhead edge of window must not be anymore 2,0. A coefficient of deepening is at one-sided illumination - relation of depth of apartment (distance is from a wall to opposite) to the height of overhead edge of window must not be anymore 2,0.

23 MICROBAL CONTAMINATION

24 Aseptic block, where injection solutions, eye drops, are made, what complete sterility is needed for) must be equipped by mixed ventilation with advantage of wave of air (multi planes of ventilation +4-2) to exclude the receipt of air from other apartments. Thus motion of currents of air takes place from aseptic in adjoining to it apartments - sluice, and then in a corridor. The windows of aseptic must be densely closed, cracks tight hammered in. Reveal air must pass through filters which catch dust and microorganisms. Aseptic block, where injection solutions, eye drops, are made, what complete sterility is needed for) must be equipped by mixed ventilation with advantage of wave of air (multi planes of ventilation +4-2) to exclude the receipt of air from other apartments. Thus motion of currents of air takes place from aseptic in adjoining to it apartments - sluice, and then in a corridor. The windows of aseptic must be densely closed, cracks tight hammered in. Reveal air must pass through filters which catch dust and microorganisms.

25 Material (compositions) sterile materials must be equipped by reveal ventilation with multi planes of ventilation +3. Material (compositions) sterile materials must be equipped by reveal ventilation with multi planes of ventilation +3.

26 USED for washing pharmaceutical APPARATUS TECHNOLOGICAL MEASURES

27 APPARATUS FOR DESINFECTED of prescriptions

28 Proper production practice (GMP - Good manufacturing practice) – part of the system of providing of quality, which guarantees that medications are produced and controlled in accordance with the vault of obligatory principles, norms and rules, and also registration and licensed normative document the requirements of which fully represent set and predictable consumer need, in particular, efficiency and safety of application of medications, their quality, identity and stability.

29 Basic elements providing of parameters of medications control of quality system is Proper production practice (GMP) The reliable licensing

30 Documents Specifications are Technological regulations and production instructions the Standard workings methods Protocols of series the Various registration and laboratory magazines, and also documents Documents Specifications are Technological regulations and production instructions the Standard workings methods Protocols of series the Various registration and laboratory magazines, and also documents

31 general pharmacy state (GPS ), pharmacology state(FS), Between gavenment standards (DEST), technical requirements (THAT), standards of enterprise (STP), Specific-ation of foreign used firm Categories and Types of Specifi-cations Categories and types of specifications

32 Basis of the factors product A chemical factor Dust Micro- climate Noise Microbal contamin- ation

33 Basic prophylactic measures of norms is the Organizational measures the Plan measures the Technological measures of Sanitary and – technical measures Individual facilities of defense the treatment- prophylactic measures The hygienic setting

34 INDIVIDUAL FACILITIES OF DEFENCE In a number of cases, when it is impossible to reduce noise to the possible sizes, the use of individual facilities of defense is recommended. In a number of cases, when it is impossible to reduce noise to the possible sizes, the use of individual facilities of defense is recommended. There can be a considerable selection of harmful matters at sampling, opening of hatches of vehicles, unloading of components and other operations, that is why at implementation of such operations it follows to use individual facilities of defense (respirators, gauze bandages and others like that). There can be a considerable selection of harmful matters at sampling, opening of hatches of vehicles, unloading of components and other operations, that is why at implementation of such operations it follows to use individual facilities of defense (respirators, gauze bandages and others like that).

35 Basic types of protective glasses 1-5 – dust-, pairs -, gaz protection; 6-10 – for protecting from mechanical damages

36 gas-mask

37 Oxygen isolated gas-masks ( and – Kip-5; bi – Rkr-2)

38 Individual facilities of defense of organs of breathing (and is the improved respirator of Shb-1 (Petal 200), kind from outside; bi is a kind from a middle; in is the put on respirator of Shb-1 (Petal 40); a g is a respirator Aster 2

39 Dust protecing suit for protecting from a caustic and poisonous dust

40 Production clothes from a synthetic

41 THANK YOU FOR ATTENTION


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