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Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri de (1864-1901). Many immortal painters lived and worked in Paris during the late 19th century. They included Degas, Cézanne, Gauguin,

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Presentation on theme: "Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri de (1864-1901). Many immortal painters lived and worked in Paris during the late 19th century. They included Degas, Cézanne, Gauguin,"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri de ( ). Many immortal painters lived and worked in Paris during the late 19th century. They included Degas, Cézanne, Gauguin, Van Gogh, Seurat, Renoir, and Toulouse-Lautrec. Toulouse-Lautrec observed and captured in his art the Parisian nightlife of the period.DegasCézanneGauguinVan GoghSeurat Renoir Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was born on Nov. 24, 1864, in Albi, France. He was an aristocrat, the son and heir of Comte Alphonse- Charles de Toulouse and last in line of a family that dated back a thousand years. Henri's father was rich, handsome, and eccentric. His mother was overly devoted to her only living child. Henri was weak and often sick. By the time he was 10 he had begun to draw and paint. At 12 young Toulouse-Lautrec broke his left leg and at 14 his right leg. The bones failed to heal properly, and his legs stopped growing. He reached young adulthood with a body trunk of normal size but with abnormally short legs. He was only 1.5 meters tall.

3 Deprived of the kind of life that a normal body would have permitted, Toulouse-Lautrec lived wholly for his art. He stayed in the Montmartre section of Paris, the center of the cabaret entertainment and bohemian life that he loved to paint. Circuses, dance halls and nightclubs, racetracks--all these spectacles were set down on canvas or made into lithographs. Toulouse-Lautrec was very much a part of all this activity. He would sit at a crowded nightclub table, laughing and drinking, and at the same time he would make swift sketches. The next morning in his studio he would expand the sketches into bright-colored paintings. In order to become a part of the Montmartre life--as well as to protect himself against the crowd's ridicule of his appearance-- Toulouse-Lautrec began to drink heavily. In the 1890s the drinking started to affect his health. He was confined to a sanatorium and to his mother's care at home, but he could not stay away from alcohol. Toulouse-Lautrec died on Sept. 9, 1901, at the family chateau of Malrome. Since then his paintings and posters--particularly the Moulin Rouge group--have been in great demand and bring high prices at auctions and art sales.

4 Thinking and Practicing Arguments

5 What elements are Neoclassical and what elements are Romantic?

6 François Rude March of the Volunteers of 1792 (La Marseillaise) Chérence stoneArc the Triomphe de l'Étoile, Paris

7 What elements are Romantic and what elements demonstrate naturalism?

8 Eugène Delacroix Liberty Leading the People (28th July 1830) 1830 oil on canvas

9 Can you compare the two figures of Liberty? What argument would you make?

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11 Is this a Neoclassical painting? Why?

12 Oedipus and the Sphinx

13 Is this a Neoclassical painting? Why?

14 The Bather 1808

15 Who made The Bather 1808 and Oedipus and the Sphinx ? Who was this artists teacher? Why does it matter?

16 Is this a Neoclassical painting? Why?

17 Large Odalisque 1814

18 History Painting Is it a document or a work of propaganda? What doesnt work in this image? What does serve the artists purpose?

19 Jacques-Louis David Napoleon Crossing the Saint Bernard

20 History Painting Is it a document or a work of propaganda? What doesnt work in this image? What does serve the artists purpose?

21 Eugene Delacroix The Massacre at Chios 1824 Oil on canvas

22 What event inspired this sculpture? Is it a document or a work of propaganda? What doesnt work in this image? What does serve the artists purpose?

23 Hiram Powers The Greek Slave 1844 marble What elements are Neoclassical and what elements are Romantic?

24 Hiram Powers The Greek Slave 1844 marble Hiram Powers Last of the Tribe marble What is the problem with these two sculptures?

25 Adolphe-William Bouguereau Nymphs and a Satyr 1873 What elements in this work are Romantic and what elements demonstrate naturalism? How can you tell that this work is influenced by the expectations of the Academy? For whose gaze is this work intended? Is it art?

26 Rosa Bonheur Plowing in the Nivernais: The Dressing of the Vines 1849 What elements in this work are Romantic and what elements demonstrate naturalism? How can you tell that this work is influenced by the expectations of the Academy?

27 Rosa Bonheur The Horse Fair 1855 What elements in this work are Romantic and what elements demonstrate naturalism? How can you tell that this work is influenced by the expectations of the Academy?

28 Can you compare these two landscapes? What argument would you make?

29 Caspar David Friedrich Monk by the Sea 1809 oil on canvas

30 Travelers among Mountains and Streams Fan Kuan Northern Song Dynasty, early 11th century CE hanging scroll, ink and colors on silk


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