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20 th Century American Music 1920s E.J. Russell Elementary School 5 th Grade Music Mrs. Sandor.

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Presentation on theme: "20 th Century American Music 1920s E.J. Russell Elementary School 5 th Grade Music Mrs. Sandor."— Presentation transcript:

1 20 th Century American Music 1920s E.J. Russell Elementary School 5 th Grade Music Mrs. Sandor

2 LAUNDRY LIST 1. Melody 2. Harmony 3. Rhythm 4. Form 5. Style 6. Mood 7. Timbre: Instrumentation / Vocal 8. Tempo 9. Dynamics Elements of Music

3 LAUNDRY LIST Melody: A logical succession of musical tones, also called the tune. Harmony: Combination of musical notes sounded at the same time. Rhythm: The patterns of sounds & silences. Form: The overall plan of a piece of music.

4 LAUNDRY LIST Style: unique way in which the elements of melody, rhythm, timbre, texture, harmony and form are handled to create a special sound. Mood: state of mind or emotion that is relayed in composed music. Timbre: Tone color, the unique quality produced by a voice or instrument. Tempo: Speed of beat Form: The structure of a musical composition.

5 LAUNDRY LIST Dynamics: The volume of sound, the loudness, or softness of a musical passage; intensity, power.

6 1920s After World War I, America entered a prosperous era. Optimism came with the end of the war and the booming of the stock market. Source:

7 1920s – The Jazz Age The 1920s were nicknamed "The Jazz Age." African-American jazz musicians combined the music of the Caribbean, West Africa, and the cotton fields of the rural South into a uniquely American musical form. Source: Discovery Education, The Birth of Jazz

8 1920s – The Jazz Age Jazz was the soundtrack of the new era. The 1920s is known for its famous musicians like Louis Armstrong, Bessie Smith, Duke Ellington and Bix Biederbeck who all became famous names in The Jazz Age. Source:

9 1920s – THE JAZZ AGE Louis Armstrong, Jr. in the 1920s Source: / Bix Beiderbecke in the 1920s Duke Ellington in the 1920s

10 1920s – THE JAZZ AGE Bessie Smith, the Empress of Jazz Source: / and various Annette HanshawLillian Hardin- Armstrong

11 1920s – HARLEM RENAISSANCE The Harlem Renaissance is considered the first important movement of African American artists and writers in the United States. It was centered in Harlem, NY, and other urban areas during the 1920s. African American writers published more than ever before. Source:

12 1920s – HARLEM RENAISSANCE Influential and lasting African American authors, artists, and musicians received recognition. These included Zora Neale Hurston, W.E.B. DuBois, Langston Hughes, Jean Toomer, and Alain Locke, who was considered the chief interpreter for the Harlem movement. Source:

13 1920s – ROARING 20s The 1920s were also known as the Roaring 1920s. It was marked by optimism, economic prosperity, and a break with tradition. T he rise of mass media, and the attraction of movies, books, sports and Broadway shows changed life in America in the 1920s. Source: Various

14 1920s - STUNTS Weird and dangerous stunts were popular during the 1920s. Some examples included stunts involving airplanes and sitting on telephone poles. Source:

15 1920s – DANCE MARATHONS Dance marathons were very popular in the 1920s. For some reason people would dance until they dropped. Usually for some charity or contest, these dance- a-thons were very popular with the youth of the 1920s and were widely covered by the media. Source:

16 1920s - FACTS I n the 1920s, the Life expectancy (how long people were expected to live) was 53.6 years for men, and 54.6 years for women. (To compare, in 2010, the life expectancy for women is 81.1, and 76.2 for men). Source: American Cultural History, Lonestar College

17 1920s - FACTS Average annual earnings was: $1236. It took 13 days to reach California from New York. Source: American Cultural History, Lonestar College

18 1920s - FACTS For more information, go to link on Mrs. Sandors Teacherweb Site: ures%20of%20the%201920s.pdf (Copy and paste)

19 1920s – GREAT DEPRESSION The period from 1929 to the beginning of World War II (1941) was known as the Great Depression. The end of the Roaring Twenties happened on October 29, 1929 (also known as Black Tuesday) when stock prices on Wall Street collapsed. Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg. 282

20 1920s – GREAT DEPRESSION Industrial stocks lost much of their value, 11,000 U.S. banks failed, and farm prices fell. The Great Depression put millions of people out of work across the world throughout the 1930s. Sources: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg. 282 and

21 1920s - FAMOUS PEOPLE Babe Ruth (Baseball player) F. Scott (Writer) and Zelda Fitzgerald Coco Chanel (Designer) Charles Lindbergh (Aviator) Albert Einstein (Scientist) Al Jolson (Entertainer and Movie Star) Charlie Chaplin (Movie Star) Duke Ellington (Musician and band leader) Harry Houdini (Magician) Source: Facts & Figures, The United States in the 1920s

22 1920s - FASHION Fashion entered the modern era. Fads included: Hair: bobs (a short, pageboy style) Clothing: short hemlines, cloche hats knickers, Lindbergh leather jackets and caps, raccoon coats (fashion craze of college students) New fabrics and closures affected fashion. Wool and cotton were used, but silk was expensive. Sources: Various

23 1920s - FASHION Source: era.com/images/Silhouettes/1920hairsoft.jpg Source: era.com/images/Silhouettes/1920s-hairstyles.html Eton Crop Style

24 1920s - FASHION Source: era.com/images/Silhouettes/1920s-hairstyles.html Page Boy Style

25 1920s - FASHION Source: images/Silhouettes/original_hathair_images/ 1924cloche.jpg Source: images/Silhouettes/1920dresssuitcen1000.jpg

26 1920s - FASHION Source: era.com/images/Silhouettes/1921suitfurcen1000.jpg Source: fashions.co.uk/bluedress.htm

27 1920s – MENS FASHION Knickerbockers Raccoon coat Source:

28 1920s – MENS FASHION Lindbergh leather coat and hat Source: Source: Taken by Acme News Pictures

29 1920s - CARS CLOCHE HAT Source: Symbol of Freedom – 1920 cars

30 1920s - AVIATION Aviation was in its infancy in the 1920s. World War I helped with the development of aviation. Charles A. Lindbergh carved a place in Aviation history when he flew a tiny plane, "The Spirit of St Louis", from Long Island to Paris in 1927, to create the first non-stop solo transatlantic flight. Source:

31 1920s - AVIATION Aviation was in its infancy in the 1920s. Airships (dirigibles) were a common form of air travel. Charles A. Lindbergh carved a place in Aviation history when he flew a tiny plane, "The Spirit of St Louis", from Long Island to Paris in 1927, to create the first non-stop solo transatlantic flight. Source:

32 1920s – ART DECO The term Art Deco ( ) is derived from the International Art Exposition in Paris in It was a major style in Europe from the early 1920s, though it did not catch on in the U.S. until about In the 20s and 30s art of that style was referred to as modern. Source: /

33 1920s – ART DECO Art Deco is characterized by use of materials such as aluminum, stainless steel, lacquer, and inlaid wood. They used zigzag and stepped forms, and sweeping curves, chevron patterns, and the sunburst motif. Source: /

34 1920s FIND OUT MORE FACTS ABOUT THE 1920s at: igures%20of%20the%201920s.pdf (Copy and paste to view) Source: Facts & Figures, The United States in the 1920s

35 TEACHERWEB SITE DoreenSandor 5th GRADE MUSIC - 20th Century American Music5th GRADE MUSIC - 20th Century American Music: ( Click to open)


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