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Regional workshopProtecting children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse through Internet Kyiv, 7 – 8 December 2010 Dr. Michael Busch European.

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Presentation on theme: "Regional workshopProtecting children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse through Internet Kyiv, 7 – 8 December 2010 Dr. Michael Busch European."— Presentation transcript:

1 Regional workshopProtecting children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse through Internet Kyiv, 7 – 8 December 2010 Dr. Michael Busch European Commission Information Society and Media Directorate General / Unit E.06 (Safer Internet & eContent) Luxembourg

2 2 Risks Risks for children using the Internet and mobile phones are not only about sexual abuse Classification of the nature of risks and behaviours from the perspective of child: Content Contact Conduct

3 3 Risks Content Child as recipient of general information, for example: Advertising, spam, gaming Violent/gruesome/hateful content Pornographic/harmful sexual content, including manga cartoons

4 4 Risks Contact Child targeted as participant in one-on-one activity, for example: Being bullied, harassed or stalked Tracking/ harvesting personal information – misuse of this data, blackmailing Self-harm, unwelcome persuasion Children groomed online for sexual abuse offline Children sold online for sexual abuse both online and offline Children made the subjects of child abuse images Children abused through prostitution using the Internet and mobile phones to contact their abusers Adults or young people who engage in cyber­sex with children

5 5 Risks Conduct Child as actor initiating abusive or risky behaviour, for example: Creating/ uploading pornographic material Bullying or harassing another person Young people sharing personal information online Young people who place (indecent) images of themselves or other young people (unwanted) online Children who download sexually abusive images of children Children meeting friends met online

6 6 To deal with Risks 1- Legislative Framework 2- Law Enforcement (police) 3- Strategies, awareness, education

7 7 Quality content for children Educational content The good side of the Internet A long-term objective of the Safer Internet programme: Stimulating the production and take-up of positive content online ICT Policy Support Programme (ICT PSP): funding online educational content

8 8 European Award for Best Children's Online Content 14 EU countries take part in the first European contest of that kind Promoting Quality Online Content for children 2.nd concrete outcome: Inventory for producers and providers of online content for children and young people

9 9 To deal with Risks 1- Legislative Framework 2- Law Enforcement (police) 3- Strategies, awareness, education

10 10 Legislative Framework Protect children better in the legal systems Council Framework Decision 2004/68/JHA of 22 December 2003 on combating the sexual exploitation of children and child pornography Commission made, on 29 March 2010, a proposal for a Directive on combating the sexual abuse, sexual exploitation of children and child pornography [COM(2010)94] (now in EP) Takes up many points of CoE Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse (CETS 201) Objectives: Better harmonization of criminal law rules in the Member States - establish minimum rules concerning the definition of criminal offences and sanctions in the area of sexual exploitation of children Sanction new behaviours, e.g. grooming

11 11 Legislative Framework – what should be punished? Some examples Engaging in sexual activities with a child Causing / recruiting / exploiting a child -to participate in pornographic performances - to participate in child prostitution

12 12 Legislative Framework Some examples Production of child pornography Distribution, making available, dissemination or transmission of child pornography Acquisition or possession of child pornography Obtaining access, by means of information and communication technology, to child pornography Grooming: The proposal, by means of information and communication technology, by an adult to meet a child for the purpose of committing sexual offences …and many more criminal behaviours Support to the child victim EU Member States shall assist and support child victims in their physical and psycho-social recovery

13 13 To deal with Risks 1- Legislative Framework 2- Law Enforcement (police) 3- Strategies, awareness, education

14 14 Safer Internet Policy Components Prevention Awareness Stakeholder commitment Education Research = The EU Safer Internet program Reaction Legislation Law enforcement = EU judicial and security policy The following figures might disturb you… EU Safer Internet program

15 15 Safer Internet program Fighting against production, distribution and consumption of child abuse images online 44% of child abuse images depict the rape or torture of a child 70% of the child victims under the age of 10 (source: IWF) International dimension makes it harder to combat Multi-faceted distribution –Commercial sites –Peer-to-peer –old methods (mail) –New methods (mobiles)

16 16 Safer Internet program Fighting against Child sexual abuse images on the Internet The EU Safer Internet program Europe-wide (and global) network: Network of Hotlines to fight illegal content in 24 EU countries, 32 world-wide

17 17 Safer Internet program INHOPE Members – a growing global network Australia ACMA 1999 Austria Stopline 1999 Belgium Child Focus 2001 Bulgaria ARC Fund 2006 Canada cybertip.ca 2005 Chinese Taipei ECPAT Taiwan 2005 Cyprus CNTI 2008 Czech RepublicOur Child Foundation 2007 Denmark Red Barnet 2002 Finland STC Finland 2002 France AFA 1999 Germany ECO 1999 GermanyFSM 1999 Germany jugendschutz.net 1999 Greece SafeNet 2004 Hungary MATISZ 2005 Iceland Barnaheill 2001 Ireland ISPAI 1999 Italy HOT Italy STC Italy 2003 Japan Internet Association Japan 2007 Latvia Secretariat of Special Assignments Minister for Electronic Government Affairs 2008 Lithuania Communications Regulatory Authority of the Republic of Lithuania 2008 Luxembourg LISA Stopline 2008 Netherlands Meldpunt 1999 Poland NASK 2006 Portugal FCCN 2007 RussiaFriendly RuNET Foundation 2009 RussiaNational Internet-Safety Node in Russia 2009 SloveniaSpletno Oko 2007 South Africa Film Publication Board 2009 South Korea KISCOM 2003 Spain Protegeles 2002 United Kingdom Internet Watch Foundation 1999 United States of Cybertipline 1999 America

18 18 Safer Internet program Fighting child sexual abuse images on the Internet European hotlines process about 110,000 reports annually. About 30,000 reports are forwarded to police agencies. Latest hotline statistics: Child sexual abuse content identified on ISPs in 49 countries (1 Jan to 30 June 2010)

19 19 Safer Internet program Fighting child sexual abuse images on the Internet EU Action on notifying and taking down illegal child sexual abuse content at the ISPs EU Action on blocking access to such web sites at the ISPs

20 20 To deal with Risks – Law Enforcement Questions: How many police officers do investigations in child sexual abuse images on the Internet in your country? How many police officers in your country have done updated technical training on such investigation in the Internet and are proficient in English? What to do? Dedicate more resources to investigating Internet-related child sexual abuse

21 21 To deal with Risks – Law Enforcement EU Safer Internet program develops technological tools to support police investigations, ex.: Tools to facilitate analysis of evidence material on seized computers Tools to help Law Enforcement in fighting p2p (file sharing) paedophile exchanges What to do? Make your police officers to use these tools

22 = Pilot and pre EC Project Countries Connected = EC Project Countries Accredited & Connected = EC Project Countries Awaiting Accreditation & Connection Safer Internet program INTERPOL ICEDB – Example for Technical Projects

23 23 To deal with Risks 1- Legislative Framework 2- Law Enforcement (police) 3- Strategies, awareness, education

24 24 The EU Safer Internet program - soft measures Action areas Ensuring public awareness of online risks and precautions Education Industry self-regulation Talk to stakeholders Research on trends, risks, behaviours

25 25 The EU Safer Internet program - soft measures Action areas Ensuring public awareness of online risks and precautions Education Industry self-regulation Talk to stakeholders Research on trends, risks, behaviours

26 26 Public awareness / Annual flagship event Safer Internet Day 2010 Think before you post! Encourage youngsters to think about potential consequences of what they post online about themselves and about others, especially pictures and videos Celebrated in +/- 65 countries non-EU: Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Estonia, Hong Kong, India, Israel, Japan, Kenya, Macedonia, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Moldova, New Zealand, Paraguay, Qatar, Russian Federation, Senegal, Serbia, Singapore, South Korea, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey, Ukraine, USA, Venezuela

27 27 Safer Internet Day 8 th edition 8 February 2011 Slogan: Its more than a game, its your life! Main focus: virtual worlds, online games, social networking sites Key messages –Hiding behind your avatar, pseudo or profile page will not shield you –Your actions in your virtual life can impact on your real life –Anything you post is permanent

28 28 Safer Internet Day 2011 INSAFE initiatives Toolkit for potential partners that would like to take part in Safer Internet Day 2011 by organizing activities Promotional video to be launched before Safer Internet Day

29 29 Safer Internet Day 2011 INSAFE initiatives INSAFE EU campaign to get youngsters directly involved Activities at national and local level of the Safer Internet Centres across Europe What to do? – Support organisations in your country to participate in Safer Internet Day Get into contact with INSAFE

30 30 Safer Internet program Awareness campaigns Replication of materials in other countries Polish Child in the Web national campaign (2004) – achieved high visibility (83 % of population) TV spot, radio spots, posters, leaflets translated and adapted for campaigns in Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Albania and Latvia For ex.: in Bulgaria the TV spot You never know who is on the other side was broadcasted in 3 national and 9 cable TV stations All materials were handed over free of charge

31 31 Bulgaria

32 32

33 33 Albania

34 34 The EU Safer Internet program - soft measures Action areas Ensuring public awareness of online risks and precautions Education Industry self-regulation Talk to stakeholders Research on trends, risks, behaviours

35 35 Safer Internet program Education Online Safety in school curricula Safer Internet Forum (Luxembourg 22/23 Oct 2009) focused on "Promoting online safety in school Online Safety teaching: inform children on the potential risks online – such as grooming, cyber-bullying, privacy, harmful content – and empower children to use the Internet and mobile phones responsibly Participants: Stakeholders from NGOs, governments, researchers, industries, mobile network operators, social networking sites, software developers, teachers, parent associations, young people (Youth Panel) etc.

36 36 Safer Internet program Education Online Safety in school curricula Clear results of consultation: Online Safety needs to be taught in schools from as early an age as possible This is not the case in all EU Member States Online Safety often NOT available in the school curricula Teachers with specific training on the subject often not there Source: Eurydice report (Dec 2009): Education on Online Safety in Schools in Europe

37 37 Safer Internet program Education: Online Safety in school curricula - the ex. of Latvia The Latvian Safer Internet Centre (SIC): set up a Teacher Panel as an advisory board Actions in cooperation with Ministry of Education: Internet Safety Handbook for teachers Test for students of the 6th grade about their knowledge of internet safety - 13,990 students participated Educational online game for children aged to teach risks on the internet - game promoted through schools Pre-school pedagogy students develop teaching materials on internet safety in kindergartens Pedagogy students trained for Internet Safety lessons in schools

38 38 The EU Safer Internet program - soft measures Action areas Ensuring public awareness of online risks and precautions Education Industry self-regulation Talk to stakeholders Research on trends, risks, behaviours

39 39 Safer Internet program Self-regulation Self-regulation: Mobile phones European framework for safer mobile use by younger teenagers and children Signed by 16 leading mobile providers and content providers on 6 February 2007, initiated by the Commission. 96% of all EU mobile customers covered

40 40 The Safer Internet program Self-regulation The EU Safer Social Networking Principles The Safer Social Networking Principles for the EU = a self- regulatory agreement to ensure the online safety on minors using social networking services, signed by 21 companies (e.g. Facebook, MySpace) 7 Principles covering: –Awareness raising –Age-appropriate services –Empowering users –Mechanisms for reporting conduct and/or content that violates the Terms of Service –Response to notifications of illegal content or conduct –Safe approach to personal information and privacy –Assessment of means for reviewing illegal or prohibited content/conduct

41 41 The EU Safer Internet program - soft measures Action areas Ensuring public awareness of online risks and precautions Education Industry self-regulation Talk to stakeholders Research on trends, risks, behaviours

42 42 Talk to stakeholders Pan-European Youth Panel Safer Internet Forum, Luxembourg Oct. 2010

43 43 Talk to stakeholders Pan-European Parents Panel Safer Internet Forum, Luxembourg Oct. 2010

44 44 Talk to stakeholders Safer Internet program and non-EU countries 4th international conference Keeping children safe online, Warsaw, /9/2010 We invited: Armenia: Media Education Centre Belarus: INGO Ponimanie Moldova: CCF, Moldova – Children Communities, Families Russia: Stellit, Friendly Runet Foundation Ukraine: La Strada, NGO International School Equal Opportunities, Donetsk regional public centre of society and improvement Iskra

45 45 Talk to stakeholders: Exchange scheme with non-EU countries Visiting countryHost Safer Internet Centre MacedoniaBulgaria Bosnia &Herzegovina Czech Republic Croatia SerbiaSlovenia MoldovaRomania TurkeyCyprus IndiaGermany SwitzerlandAustria UkrainePoland Scheme launched in 2010

46 46 Safer Internet program How can the EU support you? Establish a hotline – support by INHOPE Do awareness raising – use material / campaigns developed in EU Integrate Internet Safety into school curricula – use teaching modules developed in EU Get into contact with EU Safer Internet Centre(s) Use study-visit scheme Participate in Safer Internet Days

47 47 Safer Internet program - for more information:


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