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Leading Teaching and Learning in the 21 st Century Kathy Fernandes Director of CSU System-wide LMSS.

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Presentation on theme: "Leading Teaching and Learning in the 21 st Century Kathy Fernandes Director of CSU System-wide LMSS."— Presentation transcript:

1 Leading Teaching and Learning in the 21 st Century Kathy Fernandes Director of CSU System-wide LMSS

2 If we are learning in new ways, why are they still teaching us in old ways? Sydni Powell, CSUN A.S. VP CSSA Technology Officer Photo courtesy of Amanda Flavin and Sydni Powell

3 "If we teach today's students as we did yesterday's, we are robbing them of tomorrow." John Dewey, 1859 – 1952

4 Dont limit a child to your own learning, for he was born in another time. Rabindranath Tagore, 1861 – 1941

5 Tell me and I'll forget; Show me and I may remember; Involve me and I'll understand. – Chinese Proverbs quotesChinese Proverbs quotes

6 Tell me and I'll forget Lecture Show me and I may remember Chalk board, books, audio/visual ENGAGE me and I'll understand Internet, games, smartphones, social media, virtual worlds

7 So What About Teaching and Learning in the 21 st Century?

8 Pedagogy is the science and art of education. Its aims range from the full development of the human being to skills acquisition. - Wikipedia

9 Andragogy - developed into a theory of adult education by the American educator Malcolm Knowles whose theory stated six assumptions related to motivation of adult learning:adult educationAmericanMalcolm Knowlesmotivation 1.Adults need to know the reason for learning something (Need to Know) 2.Experience, including error, provides a basis for learning activities (Foundation)Experienceerror 3.Adults need to be responsible for their decisions on education; involvement in the planning and evaluation of their instruction (Self-concept).planningevaluation 4.Adults are most interested in learning subjects having immediate relevance to their work and/or personal lives (Readiness)relevance 5.Adult learning is problem-centered rather than content-oriented (Orientation)problem 6.Adults respond better to internal versus external motivators (Motivation)

10 Instructional Design is the practice of creating "instructional experiences which make the acquisition of knowledge and skill more efficient, effective and appealing. The process consists broadly of determining the current state and needs of the learner, defining the end goal of instruction, and creating some "intervention" to assist in the transition. Ideally the process is informed by pedagogically (process of teaching) and andragogically (adult learning) tested theories of learning.pedagogically andragogically There are many instructional design models but many are based on the ADDIE model with the five phases: 1) analysis, 2) design, 3) development, 4) implementation, and 5) evaluation. - Wikipedia

11 Historical Overview: Learning Theories Socrates: Socratic Method Piaget: Equilibrium/Disequilibrium [1896-1980] [469-399 B.C] Vygotsky: Zone of Proximal Learning Proximal Actual [1896-1934] Dewey: Problem-Based Learning [1859-1952] Bruner: Active Learning [1915-] Papert: Constructionism [1928-] IDIT HAREL CAPERTON RICKI GOLDMAN Maria Montessori [1870- 1952] Paolo Freire Generative Themes [1856-1915] [1921-1997] Booker T Washington Virginia Randolph Vocational Learning [1870-158] Slide creation thanks to Ruth Cox @ SFSU


13 Technologies Web 2.0, Multimedia, Social and Mobile Technology: browsers & plug-ins, iPhone, iPad, iTunes, Facebook, Twitter, Diigo, LinkedIn, Ning, Wiggio, Flickr, YouTube, Glogster, SurveyMonkey, Survey Gizmo, Skype, Collaborate, WebEx, GoToMeeting, Toms Planner, Microsoft Office, Sharepoint, Adobe Acrobat, Creative Suite, Joomla, Drupal, Blackboard, Desire2Learn, Moodle, TurnItIn, Grademark, Peermark, Turning Technologies, i>Clicker, Kaltura, ClassClimate, iTunes U, GoogleDocs, GoogleApps, SecondLife

14 Sum of the Parts > Whole ?? Change! Rapid Technological Change! No Change! Pedagogical approaches to teaching and learning Pedagogy + Technology = Some Change? MOOCs = Disruption of Education

15 Dialogic Literacy the ability to engage productively in discourse whose purpose is to generate new knowledge and understanding. Dialogic literacy is a fundamental literacy for a knowledge society.

16 Old pedagogy + old technology = low performance improvement. Old pedagogy + new technology = mild performance improvement. New pedagogy + old technology = mild performance improvement. New pedagogy + new technology = high performance improvement. developing-21st-century-teaching/index.html Developing 21st Century Teaching and Learning: Dialogic Literacy

17 By Nicholas Abbey@Johns Hopkins …the alignment between new pedagogies and new technologies is the single most important factor for optimal performance in any organization as well as the key challenge for those seeking to develop 21st century teaching and learning.

18 CSU Quality Online Learning and Teaching

19 Who at your institution knows about… – Pedagogy and Andragogy – Learning Theories – Instructional Design 1)Analysis 2)Design 3)Development 4)Implementation 5)Evaluation/assessment – Learning Technologies (pilot to full-scale prod.) – Content as a Commodity

20 Assessment

21 21 st Century Learner? What will their jobs require? Whats different than when you when to college?

22 Industrial? Repetition? No thinking (rote)?

23 Why does Procter & Gamble repeatedly call on enthusiastic amateurs to solve scientific and technical challenges? How can companies as diverse as iStockphoto and Threadless employ just a handful of people, yet generate millions of dollars in revenue every year? Guessing # of jelly beans in the jar We NEED diverse thinking…

24 The Dilemma of Non-Diversity

25 In every kind of knowledge-based, progressive organization, new knowledge and new directions are forged through dialogue. The dialogue in Knowledge Age organizations is principally concerned with solving problems and developing new ideas. Bereiter, C., & Scardamalia, M. (2005). Technology & literacies: From print literacy to dialogic literacy (pp. 16–18) The Knowledge Age

26 Higher-order Knowledge Age skills have to do with collaboration, initiative, communication, and creativity. Bereiter, C., & Scardamalia, M. (2005). Technology & literacies: From print literacy to dialogic literacy (pp. 16–18) The Knowledge Age

27 DARPA Red Balloon Contest The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Sponsored a contest to find 10 red weather balloons randomly placed throughout the United States The purpose of the contest was to explore the way that the Internet can use social networking tools to achieve an outcome…

28 The contest winner, a team from MIT, found all 10 balloons in 8 hours and 52 minutes. How long would it have taken Socrates students? DARPA Red Balloon Contest

29 AASCU Red Balloon Project The American Association of State Colleges and Universities Red Balloon Project is a national initiative – Re-imagine and then redesign undergraduate education for the 21st century.

30 AASCU Red Balloon Challenges We Face: – Transformational changes in technology – Reductions in funding – Shifting student demographics – Growth of the private sector in higher education – Demands for greater accountability …and more

31 AASCU Red Balloon The Red Balloon contest serves as a metaphor for the newly-networked world. This new way of generating, aggregating and disseminating information has profound implications for higher education.

32 AASCU Red Balloon It challenges long-held practices of teaching and learning, institutional organization and structure, and the very notion of expertise. The Red Balloon contest also serves as an analogy for how a community of higher education institutions and their national association can work together to promote and support change in higher education.

33 And CSU Organizationally? Who holds the vision for 21 st Century Learning? – Provost? CIO? AVP? Institutional Leadership on Learning? Team collaboration in course redesigns Instructional designers, librarians, assessment specialists, faculty developers, academic technology specialists, media specialists

34 CSU Academic Tech Reporting

35 The Leaders Guide to 21st Century Education by Ken Kay and Valerie Greenhill The Seven Steps – Adapt your vision to the new perspectives for a new century. – Create a community consensus with the 21st century skills of communication and collaboration. – Align your system. – Build professional capacity. – Focus your curriculum and assessment. – Support your teachers. (Build the structures and climate to support significant change). – Improve and innovate education-a-review

36 It Takes a Village… To support student success to obtain a degree To support faculty and faculty development To implement 21 st Century course designs Team collaboration – Instructional designers, librarians, assessment specialists, faculty developers, academic technology specialists

37 CSU Curriculum Redesign for the 21 st Century Student

38 Governor Proposes $125.1 Million Budget Investment for CSU - January 10, 2013 As part of the additional $125.1 million in proposed state funds, $10 million has been directed in the Governors budget for online strategies to get more students through so-called bottleneck courses. These are courses across the system that cause many students to slow their time to degree until they can find a seat in that particular course. They are either lower-division general education requirements, pre-requisites for majors or high demand classes. The directed funds would be used for a multi-pronged approach incorporating technology-enhanced learning, student advising and course redesign to ensure student success.

39 Bottleneck Courses? High Demand, Low Supply Courses High DWF Courses Place-bound Course Availability Facilities Limitations Predictive Scheduling

40 Goals of Course Redesign More student through-put Reduce students repeating courses Offer high demand courses online Share online courses within the CSU Scale and develop exemplary practices Use hybrid/hyflex models to gain capacity

41 How can you prepare? Team Up – Institutional Approach Create dialogue on new approaches – Pick an article or topic like MOOCs Host a student panel on technology – Record and playback for particular focus groups Summer Institutes focused on 21 st Century Learning Crowdsource solutions to bottlenecks

42 California SB 520 Draft Bill for Online Education SECTION 1. The Legislature finds and declares all of the following: (a) In recent years, Californias public higher education institutions have faced skyrocketing demand for enrollment at a time when they lack capacity to provide students with access to courses necessary for program completion and success. (b) In the 2012 – 13 academic year, 85 percent of California Community Colleges (CCC) reported having waiting lists for their fall 2012 course sections, with a statewide average of more than 7,000 students on waiting lists per college. (c) Similarly, impacted courses have contributed significantly to difficulties within the University of California (UC) and California State University (CSU) systems, with figures indicating that only 60 percent and 16 percent of students, respectively, are able to earn a degree within four years, with lack of access to key courses a factor in increased time- to-degree.

43 California SB 520 Draft Bill for Online Education (d) With rapidly developing innovation in online course delivery models, Californias public institutions of higher education have a unique opportunity to meet critical demands for enrollment and reduce time-to- degree by providing students with access to high-quality, alternative, online pathways to successfully complete and obtain credit for the most impacted lower division courses. (e) California could significantly benefit from a statutorily enacted, quality- first, faculty-led framework allowing students in online courses in strategically selected lower division majors and general education fields to be awarded credit at the UC, CSU, and CCC systems. While providing easy access to these courses, these systems could also continually assess the value of the courses and grates of student success in utilizing these alternative online pathways.


45 Contact Info Kathy Fernandes Email: Twitter: KathyFern There is no greater joy than the Joy of Learning. --Aristotle

46 Understanding-the-MOOC-Trend.pdf How is this all relevant to CATS? Articles on $10M and SB 520 Brings us to today…MOOCs, disruption, $10M Bottleneck Courses IdeaScale – crowdsource at CATS?

47 Academy e-Learning Faculty selected in teams by deans and Provost (Cohort model) Stipends to Redesign Courses (1 yr) Institutional Team: Instructional Designers, Librarians, Assessment Coord.

48 Academy e-Learning 21 st Century Learner & iPads Learning Theories & Instruct. Design Embedding Assessment Engage, Interact (activities) (Immediate) Feedback Using technologies but thats NOT the focus

49 Academy e-Learning Digital Media: New Learners of the 21st Century The film, targeted at parents, teachers, and anyone concerned about education in America, and explores how exceptional educators are increasingly using digital media and interactive practices to ignite their students' curiosity and ingenuity, help them become civically engaged, allow them to collaborate with peers worldwide, and empower them to direct their own learning.

50 Academy e-Learning Program Assessment of Past Cohorts YouTube:

51 Academy e-Learning Sociology & Social Work – From: never use technology – To: Second Life assignments Nursing – Simulations with avatars – Aging Adults, Young Adults, Infants

52 Academy e-Learning Experimental Classroom learning -space.shtml

53 Assessment


55 Rubric for Online Instruction (ROI) Based on 7 Principles of Good Teaching Exemplary Online Instruction (EOI)

56 Weapons of Mass Instruction…

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