Presentation on theme: "AP Calculus Free Response Question"— Presentation transcript:
1AP Calculus Free Response Question What to do?AP Calculus Free Response QuestionCaroline CheungPd 2&3
22010 - Question #2 t (hours) 2 5 7 8 E(t) (hundreds of entries) 4 13 2578E(t) (hundreds of entries)4132123A zoo sponsored a one-day contest to name a new baby elephant. Zoo visitors deposited entries in a special boxbetween noon (t = 0) and 8 P.M. (t = 8). The number of entries in the box t hours after noon is modeled by adifferentiable function E for 0≤t≤8. Values of E(t ), in hundreds of entries, at various times t are shown inthe table above.The lesson today is…
3At t = 6 there are 4 hundred entries per hour Part A :Use the data in the table to approximate the rate, in hundreds of entries per hour, at which entries were beingdeposited at time t = 6. Show the computations that lead to your answer.To find the rate at t = 6 you have to use the Mean Value Theorem:According to what was given in the chart. Use t = 5 and t = 7 because 6 is between those two numbers.E’(6) =At t = 6 there are 4 hundred entries per hour
4Part B: P t(hours) 2 5 7 8 E(t) (hundreds of entries) 4 13 21 23 Use a trapezoidal sum with the four subintervals given by the tableto approximate the value ofUsing correct units, explain the meaning ofin terms of number of entriesPIs the average number of hundreds of entries in the box between noon and 8 P.M.Ahhh!t(hours)2578E(t) (hundreds of entries)4132123The four subintervals are (0,2), (2,5), (5,7), (7,8)
5Part B : Continue…Note: The base would be the amount of entries added together and the height would be the difference between the t values.Trapezoidal rule :Giving you:= orPLUG IT IN!
6Part C:At 8 P.M., volunteers began to process the entries. They processed the entries at a rate modeled by the function P, wherehundreds of entries per hour for 8≤t≤12. According to the model, how many entries had not yet been processed by midnight (t = 12)?It is given in the chart that at E(8) = 23.Take the amount of entries processed which is E(8) subtract the integral of P(t) from 8≤t≤12. To determine how many entries were not processed.???Note: Integration is necessary because the function given models the rate.
7Part C: Continue… Step 1: type in 23 – Step 2: go to MATH then scroll down to the 9th one and press enterStep 3: type in the equationStep4: then press the following buttons: , X , 8 , 12Step 5: press enter to solve.= 7 hundred entriesOh yeah. We got this.
8Part D:According to the model from part (c), at what time were the entries being processed most quickly? Justify your answerThe problem asked for what the entries are processed most quickly which means to find the maximum of the function.Note: Find the derivative of the function in order to find the maximum of the function.P’(t) = 0To find the zeros of the function graph the function.
9Graphing it. Plug it into the calculator to graph Press 2nd trace and scroll down to ZERO.Set the bounds and get t = and t =The graphThat’s right
10Part D: ContinueAfter obtaining the values plug it into the original equation (P(t)) to determine the maximum value.tP(t)812At t = 12 the entries are processed most rapidly