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Ham Radio in Lithuania History: 1918-1940 Antanas Zdramys LY1DL.

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Presentation on theme: "Ham Radio in Lithuania History: 1918-1940 Antanas Zdramys LY1DL."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ham Radio in Lithuania History: Antanas Zdramys LY1DL

2 From Marconi to W.W. I 1900s: first radio amateurs after Marconi experiments. 1-7 miles QSOs 1900s: first radio amateurs after Marconi experiments. 1-7 miles QSOs No stations over 200m No stations over 200m 4000 amateurs in 1917 (most in USA) 4000 amateurs in 1917 (most in USA) 200m band alocated 200m band alocated 1000 miles distance reached 1000 miles distance reached Radio amateurs in W.W. I (3/4 from USA) Radio amateurs in W.W. I (3/4 from USA)

3 After WW I Hiram Percy Maxim proclomation – meeting in NY (11 veterans) Hiram Percy Maxim proclomation – meeting in NY (11 veterans) ARRL reetablished ARRL reetablished Vacuum tubes invented – 1 st 2000 miles Vacuum tubes invented – 1 st 2000 miles

4 : first transatlantic Paul Godley (ARRL) experiments Paul Godley (ARRL) experiments 1921: 30 USA stns hrd fm EU 1921: 30 USA stns hrd fm EU 1922: 315 USA hrd in EU, 2 G and 1 F hrd in USA, but no QSO even with 1 KW 1922: 315 USA hrd in EU, 2 G and 1 F hrd in USA, but no QSO even with 1 KW 1923: experiments on 130m and 90m. 1923: experiments on 130m and 90m. November 1923: Schnell (1MO) and Reinartz (1XAM) QSO with Deloy (8AB) on 110m November 1923: Schnell (1MO) and Reinartz (1XAM) QSO with Deloy (8AB) on 110m

5 : ham radio withdrawn from HF, only 160, 80, 40, 20, 10, 5 m bands left ham radio withdrawn from HF, only 160, 80, 40, 20, 10, 5 m bands left First EU-VK QSO on 40 m. First EU-VK QSO on 40 m. IARU founded on April 17, 1925 in Paris (about 200 delegates from 23 countries) IARU founded on April 17, 1925 in Paris (about 200 delegates from 23 countries)

6 B. Talutis LY1X – 1 st ham in LY 1918: first QSO on 300m in Šiauliai 1918: first QSO on 300m in Šiauliai 1927: QSO with France fom Kėdainiai (LYT) 1927: QSO with France fom Kėdainiai (LYT) 1928: ET1X 1928: ET1X 1931: LY1X 1931: LY1X 1932: first license 1932: first license

7 LY stations before 1930 LY1HB B. Heraldas: first phone QSO with Saarbrucken from Biržai LY1HB B. Heraldas: first phone QSO with Saarbrucken from Biržai LY1E – Eljaševičius from Kaunas LY1E – Eljaševičius from Kaunas LY1MB – E. Bartninkas from Marijampolė LY1MB – E. Bartninkas from Marijampolė LY1B – O. Benkis from Klaipėda LY1B – O. Benkis from Klaipėda V. Vanagas: YL2BV (student in Riga) V. Vanagas: YL2BV (student in Riga)

8 : First licenses LY1X started appealing LY1X started appealing April 23, Permission No – First licence to operate April 23, Permission No – First licence to operate 1932 licences: 1932 licences: LY1X LY1X LY1AA LY1AA LY1J LY1J LY1S LY1S

9 : LY1AC, LY1MB, LY1ZB 1933 : LY1AC, LY1MB, LY1ZB 1934 : LY1B, LY1AE, LY1AB, LY1AG, LY1SV 1934 : LY1B, LY1AE, LY1AB, LY1AG, LY1SV 1935 : LY1AF, LY1AD, LY1AI 1935 : LY1AF, LY1AD, LY1AI 1936 : LY1AL, LY1AN, LY1HB, LY1KK, LY1S, LY1VV 1936 : LY1AL, LY1AN, LY1HB, LY1KK, LY1S, LY1VV 1937 : LY1AK, LY1AV, LY1AH, LY1AP, LY1AS, LY1AT, LY1AU, LY1AX, LY1AY, LY1AZ 1937 : LY1AK, LY1AV, LY1AH, LY1AP, LY1AS, LY1AT, LY1AU, LY1AX, LY1AY, LY1AZ 1938 : LY1AE, LY1AJ, LY1AO, LY1AQ, LY1AW, LY1BA, LY1BB, LY1BC, LY1BD, LY1BE, LY1BF, LY1BG, LY1BK, LY1BL, LY1BM, LY1BN, LY1BO, LY1BR, LY1BT, LY1BV, LY1CV, LY1BX, LY1BQ, LY1BJ, LY1CA 1938 : LY1AE, LY1AJ, LY1AO, LY1AQ, LY1AW, LY1BA, LY1BB, LY1BC, LY1BD, LY1BE, LY1BF, LY1BG, LY1BK, LY1BL, LY1BM, LY1BN, LY1BO, LY1BR, LY1BT, LY1BV, LY1CV, LY1BX, LY1BQ, LY1BJ, LY1CA

10 Birth of LRMD LY1AA and LY1J actions LY1AA and LY1J actions P.O. box No. 100 in Kaunas P.O. box No. 100 in Kaunas LY addresses in Call Book Magazine LY addresses in Call Book Magazine Proposal to establish LRM Proposal to establish LRM First Meeting (Kaunas, March 4, 1933) First Meeting (Kaunas, March 4, 1933) LY1AA, LY1AB, LY1AC, LY1AD, LY1E, LY1J, LY1S and LY1ZB LY1AA, LY1AB, LY1AC, LY1AD, LY1E, LY1J, LY1S and LY1ZB Lithuanian Short-Waves Radio Amateur Society (October 2, 1938) Lithuanian Short-Waves Radio Amateur Society (October 2, 1938)

11 amateurs in the world: amateurs in the world: in USA in USA 64 in LY 64 in LY 35 morse code lessons from LY1J trx 35 morse code lessons from LY1J trx English class (17 pers. audience) English class (17 pers. audience) Book Radijo mėgėjas: 3000 copies Book Radijo mėgėjas: 3000 copies QSLs printed QSLs printed LT income, LT expenses LT income, LT expenses

12 CQ LRM - First contest :00-24:00 phone :00-24:00 phone :00-24:00 telegraphy :00-24:00 telegraphy 10, 20, 40, 80 and 160 m. 10, 20, 40, 80 and 160 m. Trophies for winners, awards for all Trophies for winners, awards for all Results: phone: LY1J (54), LY1AT (44), LY1AP (44), LY1S (44). SWL: Ms. Balčiūtė (60), Mr.Stanėnas (59), Mr. Starevičius (52). Results: phone: LY1J (54), LY1AT (44), LY1AP (44), LY1S (44). SWL: Ms. Balčiūtė (60), Mr.Stanėnas (59), Mr. Starevičius (52). Results: CW: LY1S (34), LY1BX (34), LY1AI (30). SWL: LYR04, LYR09. Results: CW: LY1S (34), LY1BX (34), LY1AI (30). SWL: LYR04, LYR09.

13 Second LRM contest , , 40 and 80 m. 40 and 80 m. Telephony winners: LY1AP- 432, LY1S-420, LY1AT participants. Telephony winners: LY1AP- 432, LY1S-420, LY1AT participants. Telegraphy winners: LY1BX- 390, LY1J-264, LY1AT participants. Telegraphy winners: LY1BX- 390, LY1J-264, LY1AT participants. SWL telephony: V.Severinas-3336, (8 participants) SWL telephony: V.Severinas-3336, (8 participants) SWL CW: (3 participants) V.Zelenkevicius SWL CW: (3 participants) V.Zelenkevicius

14 1940 LRM regular traffics and bulletins: LRM regular traffics and bulletins: Nr. 1: Nr. 1: Nr. 2: Nr. 2: LRM annual meeting LRM annual meeting President: Petras Vanagaitis LY1J President: Petras Vanagaitis LY1J Secretary: Simas Grina LY1AR Secretary: Simas Grina LY1AR QSL manager LY1KK QSL manager LY1KK Log books printed (packs of 200 pages) Log books printed (packs of 200 pages) Cold winter, but good DX conditions on March. LY1S made 70 QSOs with USA during % telephony S9 reported. Cold winter, but good DX conditions on March. LY1S made 70 QSOs with USA during % telephony S9 reported.

15 Plans for Establish HQ - so far every other week in one Kaunas restaurant Establish HQ - so far every other week in one Kaunas restaurant More CW lessons (LY1AT radio) More CW lessons (LY1AT radio) Next book Next book Next contest Next contest Consultation centre Consultation centre Monthly QTC Monthly QTC Radio broadcasts every 2 weeks on 41m Radio broadcasts every 2 weeks on 41m LRMD pins production (started on 1940) LRMD pins production (started on 1940) Special QSL stamps (LY1BG QSL manager) Special QSL stamps (LY1BG QSL manager) Library for LRMD members Library for LRMD members

16 Licensing in 1940 In general the work of Lithuanian radio amateurs is subject to the laws issued by the government in 1939 In general the work of Lithuanian radio amateurs is subject to the laws issued by the government in 1939 The permit to keep a short wave transmitter is given to persons not younger than seventeen and who have passed the necessary examinations The permit to keep a short wave transmitter is given to persons not younger than seventeen and who have passed the necessary examinations During the first year the new radio amateur can work only at telegraph and later also at the telephone. During the first year the new radio amateur can work only at telegraph and later also at the telephone. Only 50 watts first 2 years. Only 50 watts first 2 years. Exams on invited, 9 participated, 6 passed. Exams on invited, 9 participated, 6 passed.

17 Beginning of WW II The private radio transmitters was stopped at 6 oclock on the 17th September, 1939 The private radio transmitters was stopped at 6 oclock on the 17th September, : LY1J and LY1S moved to Vilnius with army and established communication to Kaunas. They visited SP amateurs in Vilnius, but found only a few : LY1J and LY1S moved to Vilnius with army and established communication to Kaunas. They visited SP amateurs in Vilnius, but found only a few. Transmission once more allowed from , but communication between belligerent states in Europe was forbidden. Transmission once more allowed from , but communication between belligerent states in Europe was forbidden March: transmission forbidden in: OE, ON, XZ, VE, OK, OZ, OH, F, DL, G, EI, LX, PA, Z, LA, P, CT, YO, ZS, SM, HB March: transmission forbidden in: OE, ON, XZ, VE, OK, OZ, OH, F, DL, G, EI, LX, PA, Z, LA, P, CT, YO, ZS, SM, HB. ES: Stopped on , allowed from ES: Stopped on , allowed from

18 IARU Applied on 1939 Applied on 1939 Voted for LY: K, SU, VY, PA, ZL, YV, F, CT, G. No votes against. Voted for LY: K, SU, VY, PA, ZL, YV, F, CT, G. No votes against. Today no info about initiation. Today no info about initiation. Re-initiated on Re-initiated on 1992.

19 Survived LY hams Almost everybody emigrated Almost everybody emigrated LY1AP lives in USA LY1AP lives in USA LY1VV S.K. on LY1VV S.K. on LY1BX still active, honor member of LRMD. LY1BX still active, honor member of LRMD.

20 Wilenski Klub Krotkofalowcow (tnx UY5XE) Date of foundation WKK (55 members: HAMs + SWLs). President - kpt. Roman Siekierski (SP3MR). Date of foundation WKK (55 members: HAMs + SWLs). President - kpt. Roman Siekierski (SP3MR) president Dr. Adolf Kopec president Dr. Adolf Kopec WKK (27 HAMs) - one is 5 founders of PZK WKK (27 HAMs) - one is 5 founders of PZK president Dr. Adolf Kopec president Dr. Adolf Kopec president inz. T.Dabrowski president inz. T.Dabrowski.

21 Nw QRU, 73! Товариство Прихильникiв Радio Литви засвiдчує найкращi бажання Львiвському Клубовi Короткохвильовцiв з нагоди ювiлею 80-ої рiчницi !


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